National Iraqiyun Gathering
Iraq lacks a major party with wide national roots. Most derive their support from specific ethno-sectarian or regional constituents. Hadba and Sahwa al-Iraq (SAI), new parties that emerged through the January 2009 local elections, were rooted in the Sunni communities of Ninawa and Anbar, respectively. Hadba co-founder Osama al-Nujayfi was seeking to broaden its appeal from its Ninewa stronghold by moving into other Sunni dominated provinces, as well as Kirkuk and Baghdad. Hadba won a majority of seats in Ninewa during provincial elections largely by tapping into Arab anger against the Kurds. While expressing reservations about Iraq's Shia political parties, Nujayfi was talking to Shia groups about forming an alliance emphasizing Iraq's "Arab identity."
A new formation named 'Iraqiyoun' (“Iraqis”) headed by its Secretary General, Usama al-Nijaifi [aka Osama al-Nujeifi, Osama al-Nujayfi ] an Arab Sunni from Mosul, was established in October 2009. In a special ceremony held on Saturday, Oct. 3, Nijaifi called for improving Iraq's relations with its neighbors through promoting mutual trust and integration. He added that, "Iraq's independence is our aim that we will not compromise; we want to liberate Iraq's from occupation and its neighbors' greed through planting commotion among Iraqis. …"
The Secretary General of National Iraqiyoon Gathering, Izeldeen al-Dawla, described the revoking of Election Law by Vice President Tariq al-Hashimi as, "Constitutional, and should have been revoked from the beginning to win time." He told NINA on 18 November 2009, "Revoking the Law will delay election because Parliament could not amend the Law in one or two sessions or even in three session, because it is unable to solve the issue." As for the Presedency's Office denial that President Talabani and Vice President Adel Abdul Mehdi did not ratify the Law, Dawla said, "This is a distortion of truth, we all have heard that both Talabani and Abdul Mehdi have ratified the Law, while Hashimi was who kept the issue under investigation."
Iraqiyoon bloc, as a part of the Iraqiya alliance, won 20 seats in the 2010 parliamentary elections. Osama Nujeifi, a leading figure but controversial in the Iraqiya coalition, was elected speaker of the Council of Representatives on 11 November 2010 with 227 of 295 votes. His election was a first step towards implementing the agreement that ended the eight-month political deadlock in Iraq. The agreement gave Iraqiya the position of speaker of parliament, the National Alliance the position of prime minister—thereby leaving Nouri al-Maliki in office—and the Kurdish alliance the presidency, ensuring the return of Jalal Talabani. Directives by top Shiite cleric Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani are highly effective in the efforts to maintain Iraq's unity and independence, said Iraqi Parliament Speaker Osama al-Nujeifi. "His Eminence Grand Ayatollah Sistani has stressed the principle of national partnership and the need that all political blocs participate in the decision-making process and pay utmost attention to security and services," Nujeifi said December 6, 2010.
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