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Jazireh-ye Qeshm (Qeshm) (2644'N., 5540'E.)

Jazireh-ye Qeshm is an island bordering the NW side of the Strait of Hormuz. Qeshm, also spelled Qishm, Persian Jazireh-ye qeshm, Arabic Jazirat al-Tawilah, largest island in the Persian Gulf, belonging to Iran. Jazireh-ye Qeshm (Qeshm) (2644'N., 5540'E.), the largest island in the Persian Gulf, extends about 59 miles WSW from its E extremity at the town of Qeshm. The island, lying nearly parallel with the coast of Iran, is separated from the mainland by Toreh-ye Khowran (Khuran) (Clarence Strait). The light-colored table-topped hills on the island have precipitous sides that are remarkable in appearance. There are just a few towns and villages on Jazireh-ye Qeshm. From the hills W, behind the town of Qeshm, a low plain extends across the island for several miles; farther W are some table-topped hills, precipitous on their seaward sides.

An eminence, with a white conical top located about 15 miles SW of Qeshm, rises between a long plateau and a very high whitish hill with a cone at its S end. Jabal Biscoe (2649'N., 5554'E.), with a high-peaked summit, is prominent. All heights show up well from offshore.

Qeshm (2658'N., 5617'E.), a town located at the NE extremity of the Jazireh-ye Qeshm, is fairly level and well-built, but earthquakes have destroyed a large part of it. There are several domed water tanks close S of town. A fort standing in the NE part of town, with a seven-arched building close N of it, are good landmarks from E. The terrain behind and S of the town rises gradually to a hill with a flat summit and steep N and W sides. There is a long boat pier N of town. A coastal shoal and drying flats front the town and extend as far as 1.5 miles offshore. Tidal currents over the shoals and flats attain a rate of 2 knots at springs. Shoal patches, with depths of 3.4 to 4.7m, are charted 1.5 miles ENE to 1.5 miles SE of the town.

To the N of the town of Qeshm is a good berth, in a depth of 11m, about 2 miles offshore. Vessels can anchor closer in, draft permitting, in depths of 6.4 to 8.2m, mud, with the fort bearing 180, distant about 0.5 mile. The anchorage near the town is well-sheltered from the shamal, and the nashi does not raise a heavy sea; however, the tidal currents cause a vessel at anchor to lie broadside to the prevailing wind and to ride uneasily. Qeshm Bunkering Anchorage (2633'N., 5545'E.), used by ocean-going vessels undergoing ship-to-ship bunkering operations, lies in the Qeshm Free Area (QFA) about 8 miles SW of Jazireh-ye Qeshm and is best seen on the chart. It has been reported (2005) that the vessels ETA should be sent72 hours, 48 hours, and 24 hours in advance.

The Strait of Hormuz (2635'N., 5615'E.), between the N and W sides of the Musandam Peninsula and the E part of Qeshm, is deep and clear of dangers. Clarence Strait is the English and only general name of the passage between Qishm Island and the coast of the mainland; it is navigable for vessels, but a pilot is indispensable as it is very intricate besides being incompletely surveyed.

The Strait may be divided into 3 reaches. The first is from the eastern entrance between Qishm Town and Bandar 'Abbas to Laft point which is exactly midway between Qishm Town and Basldu; it is 86 miles in length and it contracts from a width of 15 miles at the entrance to only 1 mile in the neighbourhood of Laft. The navigable channel, at its western end called Khur Masakeh, hugs the Qishm coast and is for the greater part of the way very much narrower than the Strait.

The second reach begins at Laft point and continues to a little beyond the village of Guran, a distance in a direct line of 17 miles; its direction is more southerly than that of the other two reaches. The third and last reach of the stmit, called Khur Ja'afari, reaches from the junction of Khurs Masakeh and Guran to Basldu and is 19 miles in length. As Basidu is approached there is a mud flat extending along the shore of Qishm Island, and also a shoal in midchannel by the northern side of which ships pass.

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Page last modified: 12-07-2019 19:04:55 ZULU