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Bandar Jask 2537'60.00"N 5746'0.00"E

The 2020 deal between Beijing and Tehran includes plans for China to develop several ports in Iran, such as the Bandar-e-Jask port which is strategically situated to the east of the Strait of Hormoz. This is significant as it gives Beijing control over one of the seven key maritime chokepoints in the world. This can potentially undermine the US naval dominance in the Middle East, as having a foothold in Bandar-e-Jask would not only allow China to monitor the US Navys Fifth Fleet based in Bahrain, but together with a presence in Gwadar and Djibouti ports, it would also augment Chinese presence in the Indian Ocean Region. All this could cause India to lose the leverage its close ties to the US provides against China.

Jask (Ras Jashak, sometimes written Jasques), is a port town, about 1,700 kilometers south of Tehran, situated on the Gulf of Oman. The Port town of Jask (Bandar Jask) is located to the east of Hormozgan province and experiences a warm and dry weather, being under the influence of an arid and semi-arid type of climate. Jask (2538'N., 5746'E.) (World Port Index No. 48540), a small town, extends along the shore of the peninsula. A breakwater extends 0.3 mile NNW from the coast about 0.5 mile NNE of Ras-e Jask. A berth, 150m long, is situated on the E side of this structure. There is a naval facility in the town. 12.19 Anchorage, partially sheltered from S winds but open to the shamal, can be taken, in a depth of 7m, about 1 mile NNW of Ras-e Jask. Larger vessels can anchor, in a depth of 8m, mud, about 2.3 miles NW of Ras-e Jask. Submarines exercise in the waters off of Ras-e Jask.

It is the site of a base of the Iranian Navy which opened on October 28, 2008. Jask Airport is a civil/military facility serving Jask (Bandar-e Jask), the capital of Jask County, Hormozgan Province, Iran. The airport plans to upgrade its facilities in order to handle commercial services.

Iranian Revolutionary Guards fired Fateh-110 Mod 3 short-range ballistic missile from base in Bandar-e-Jask on 11 August 2018; it flew over 100 miles over the Strait of Hormuz in first test in a year. The Fateh-110 Mod 3 short-range ballistic missile was fired from an Iranian Revolutionary Guards base in Bandar-e-Jask in southeastern Iran and flew over 100 miles shore-to-shore over the Strait of Hormuz. The scope and scale of the exercises were similar to ones Iran had carried out in the past. But the timing of this particular set of exercises was designed to get Washington's attention.

Cape Jask is the headland that bounds the entrance to the gulf of Persia, on the eastern side, and is distant from Cape Mucksa 8 or 9 leagues, bearing nearly W. by N. The coast between them is high and uneven, and inland there is a mountain that may be seen 20 leagues, which by some navigators is called Choues Mountain. Cape Jask is a low sandy point, with a small mountain on it, like a fort, which cannot be perceived until closely approached. Within 3 miles of the low point of Cape Jask, the depths are 16 and 17 fathoms, and 3 leagues off, from 50 to 60 fathoms, from whence the bank shelves off very abruptly to 100 fathoms no ground.

Ras-e Jask (2538'N., 5746'E.), marked by a light, is the end of a peninsula projecting SW from the coast. Two whitetopped radar domes and several radio masts, 45m high, standing close NNE of Ras-e Jask are conspicuous. Two red and white checkered water towers, 50m high, standing 2.5 miles NE of Ras-e Jask, make good landmarks from about 5 miles offshore.

Jask Bay, or Road, is formed on the north side of the Cape, having regular soundings in it all over, except near the shore on the eastern side. Here the water is shoal, from the Cape point to the mouth of a small river, or creek, that lies 3 or 4 miles to the northward, which is almost shut up with banks; but there is said to be a channel between them over a bar, where the depth is 4 or 5 feet at low water, and 3 or 4 fathoms inside the river. It is high water at 6 hours, on full and change of moon, the rise of tide 6 or 7 feet. The bottom is soft, and the depths decrease gradually to 5 fathoms in the middle of the bay, where a ship may lie sheltered from northerly or easterly winds, with the Cape point bearing about S. S. E., distant 2 or 3 miles.

A good bearth, is in 44 or 5 fathoms mud, with the peak of Quoin Hill bearing N. 12 W., Cape Jask S. 22 E., and the trees at the watering place S. 57 E. . A Sandy spit or shoal, projects out from Jask point to the westward, on which the depths gradually decrease, without danger, upon a bottom of sand, although formerly this spit was considered to be dangerous, and the Cape on this account was seldom closely approached.

In ancient times this region was a center for the Mitraism cult and the temple of Anahita is a remnant here. The sea coast of Gedrosia or Makran extends along the Indian ocean from cape Jask (the promontory Capella) to cape Goadel. In the time of Alexander, and probably many ages afterwards, it was thinly inhabited by a savage people of Ichthyophagi, or fishermen, who knew no arts, who acknowledged no master, and who were divided by inhospitable deserts from the rest of the world. In 1330 AD Sultan Qotbuddin ruled Jask. There was for a time some confusion as to which location the name "Jask" applied, but what is the name of any place but that which the natives give it?

In the year 1614 AD, the British government selected this region as a trading port. The East India Company was established here in the year 1619 AD. Jask is the site of the first mercantile settlement made by the East India Company on Persian soil. In 1616, in pursuit of the advice of Mr. Richard Steele, who in 1615 had journeyed through Persia, the directors sent a ship from Surat to Jask 'to make the first offer of a residence, and to get a kind of a possession.'1 This vessel, the 'James,' commanded by Alexander Childe, took out Edward Connock, the first agent of the company in Persia, who, in his reports to the board of directors, spoke favourably of his reception by the local governor, living at Mogustan, and of the prospects of trade. Childe wrote of Jask: "It is the worthiest place for fish in all the Indies".

In late 1620 AD the Portuguese halted the entrance of two ships of the East India Company from docking in the port of Jask. Thus evoking a severe battle between the British government and the Portuguese, which resulted in the defeat of the latter. In 1619 the East India Company founded their first Persian factory and erected a fort at Jask. When, three years later, they obtained so much better a position at Bandar Abbas, they must have vacated this station.

In order to create further dominating measures in the vicinity, in 1864 AD the British government set up a telegraph system along with an under water cable thereby setting communications between Iran and India.

Jask possessed a very different modern interest, as the point of convergence of the land and marine wires of the Indo-European Indo-Telegraph Department between India and the Gulf. Here the duplicate indiarubber and gutta-percha cable from Bushire, a distance of 499 miles, came up from the sea; and its place is henceforward taken by a double overland wire to Kurrachi, a distance of 684 miles. A single submarine guttapercha cable was, however, also continued to Kurrachi, and formed a section of the through cable line from Kurrachi to Fao. Originally the cable was laid from Gwadur to Cape Musandim, but in consequence of the abominable climate there encountered and of other reasons, it was shifted in 1869 to Jask and Henjam.

The telegraph station and a few buildings surrounding it were situated at the extremity of a low spit of land or cape projecting into the sea; the native village and fort of Jask, then in ruins, being ten miles to the north, at a distance of one mile and a half from the shore. When the Indian naval station was withdrawn in 1879 from Basiduh (Bassadore) on Kishm Island, the company of sepoys, Indian strong, who had been posted there, was moved to Jask, and barracks were erected by the Indian Government for their accommodation. At that time the promontory of Jask was unoccupied, save by the English telegraph station, and its ownership was not strictly determined, the tribes along the coast and in the interior being Beluchis, who claimed independence, and the Persian authority being as yet precariously established in those parts.

When the telegraph station had been first opened at Jask in 1869, the cape was a barren piece of sand to which no claimant turned a thought. This tiny military settlement remained unnoticed and unobjected to until 1886, when the Persian Government, hearing that a small trade had sprung up since the arrival of the English, sent an agent to establish a custom-house.

This individual detected an opportunity of personal distinction which was not to be missed. In a highly-colored report, he represented the English as exercising sovereign rights upon Persian territory, and acquiring undue political influence over the Beluchi tribes (the village sheikh received a few rupees a year for the preservation of the wire running through the district); and himself as having by valiant measures restored seventeen townships to the Persian allegiance. He received his decoration, and subsided into satisfied obscurity. The two local sheikhs, however, who were quite innocent of anything in the nature of a conspiracy, were carried off in chains, and were only released after a long imprisonment.

Today Bandar-e-Jask is a thriving region and resembles a peninsula that is surrounded by water on the three sides, enhanced by a tranquil and beautiful coastal area.

In February 2018, the CEO of Irans Petroleum Engineering and Development Company discussed the project. He claimed that once the Jask port was fully developed in 2021, it would have the capacity to store up to 30 million barrels and export one million barrels per day (bpd) of crude oil. Iranian President Hassan Rouhani spoke in June 2018 of plans to relocate Irans main oil export terminal from Kharg Island, deep in the Arabian Gulf, to Bandar-e-Jask in the Oman Sea. He claimed the move would be completed by 2021, the end of his term in office. Of course, the project depends on Iran being able to finance billions in construction costs.

Iran plans to make its export facility at Bandar-e-Jask into its main oil shipping facility, President Hassan Rouhani said in September 2018. Irans main oil terminal is currently at Khark Island, in the Persian/Arabian Gulf. Bandar-e-Jask is in the Gulf of Oman, meaning Iran would still be able to export its oil should the Strait of Hormuz be shut to marine traffic. Iran does not currently export LNG but does have a partially built liquefaction plant.

"This is very important for me, it is a very strategic issue for me. A major part of our oil sales must move from Khark to Jask," Rouhani said in a televised speech as he inaugurated three new petrochemical plants in the southern energy hub of Asaluyeh.

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Page last modified: 08-01-2021 13:52:09 ZULU