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Bandar-e Abbas

Iran's Bandar-e Abbas is a major naval facility on the Persian Gulf along the Straights of Hormuz. Constructed during the late 1970s, the headquarters of the Imperial Iranian Navy moved from Khorramshahr (where Iran still maintained a naval base) to Bandar-e Abbas in 1977. Bandar-e Abbas quickly became the headquarters for both the Islamic Republic of Iran Navy and the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps Navy.

On 21 November 2019, the commander of the Navy of Iran, Hossein Hanzhan, opened the new headquarters of the Navy in the city of Bandar Abbas in the south of the country. he early headquarters of the Navy of Iran was located in the capital of the country - Tehran. According to Hossein Khanzvyad, the command of the navy moved to the southern port city of Iran, "to be closer to the operational zones." He stressed that the Islamic Republic continues to concentrate its forces in the Gulf of Oman due to the high threat on its southern borders.

Around the year 1900 Bandar Abbas was a large town, situated on the mainland coast, from 9 to 10 miles northwestward of the Portuguese fort of Jezirat Hormuz. It stands on the beach and has a frontage of \\ miles. It is a place of considerable and increasing trade, being the end of the caravan route from Kirman. During the hot season many of the inhabitants migrate to Minau, etc., but during the cold season there may be a population of about 10,000. The landing at low water is bad, as the beach dries off from 200 to 500 yards. It is in the midst of a bare sandy plain, which rises gradually to some hills about 100 feet high, 1 to 2 miles to the northward; the country then becomes broken and reaches heights of from 500 to 700 feet. The town is fronted by a flat about 1 mile broad, with less than 3 fathoms water, and the 5-fathom curve is about 4 miles southward of the beach.

Bandar Abbas Town was a squalid collection of houses extending about 1 mile along the shore, and about 1/2 mile inland; its people were poor and unprogressive. There were about 1,000 mud houses, many being two-storied. Except the main bazar, there were no streets, each house or group of houses standing in its own inclosure, and there was no wheeled traffic. There were a number of date, tamarisk, and other trees in the town. The negroid strain predominated among the lower orders and Baluch, Persian, and Arabian blood was also visible among all classes. There were about 100 Shikarpur Hindus here, in whose hands was probably about three-quarters of the trade of the port, and a small Khojah community. The official language is Persian, but the bulk of the people speak a patois almost unintelligible except to themselves. The town was the seat of a Persian deputy governor, who was subordinate to the governor of the gulf ports; he has authority over the districts of Minau (Minab) and Shimil (Shamil).

The British consulate, a gray stone two-storied house with a flagstaff, standing alone and conspicuous, was about 1 mile east-northeastward of the pier. In winter, when the mountains to the northward are covered with snow, the air is dry, clear, and bracing. In summer, however, these rocky masses reflect heat on to the plain below, and the climate is damp, hot, and relaxing, but was not such as to render it by any means unsupportable to a European who was comfortably lodged. The prevailing diseases are malarial fever and diseases of the skin; other diseases seldom exist in epidemic form. Sanitation of even the most elementary description was unknown.

By 2008 it had become the home to Iran's Shahid Darvishi shipbuilding concern (a member of the Maritime Industries Group of the state run Defense Industries Organization) and its submarine force. Bandar-e Abbas, likely to be an important target in any conflict Iran might find itself in, has been observed to be heavily defended, with numerous batteries of shore based surface-to-surface missiles emplaced in the surrounding area.

Bandar-e Abbas is also home to a naval heliport and airfield, home to a navy patrol squadron with F-27 and Da-20 aircraft, and an ASW squadron with SH-3D and AB-212AS helicopters. As of 2008 it was also home to the Navy's P-3F fleet. The Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps Navy also operated from the field, flying Mi-17 helicopters.

OSgeoint noted in October 2011 that "a review of satellite imagery on 22 March 2005 shows Iran breaking ground on what will be the Defense Industries Organization’s Ghadir (SSC) submarine fabrication-maintenance shop at Bandar-e-Abbas. By 10 February 2008, imagery shows the majority of the construction, including the base for the wharf and the transverse table, complete while a gantry crane is waiting to be assembled. Imagery from 9 June 2009 confirms the maintenance-fabrication shop operational but also suggests the facility was being utilized at a much earlier date."

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Page last modified: 27-11-2019 18:51:08 ZULU