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National Intelligence Agency (BIN)
BAKIN - State Intelligence Coordinating Agency

The State Intelligence Coordinating Agency [BAKIN - Badan Koordinasi Intelijen Negara] was the central intelligence-gathering body, which studies both domestic and foreign intelligence gathered by its own personnel as well as by the army and the police. BAKIN was directly under the control of the president and maintains its own communications network outside the civilian and military administrations. BAKIN was normally headed by an army lieutenant general. Armed forces officers are sometimes seconded to BAKIN for special duties. It was probable that BAKIN, responsible for intelligence gathering relating to defense matters, was strengthened considerably under the 1992 reorganization and operated many of the security and intelligence functions under the BAKORSTANAS system that were formerly performed by KOPKAMTIB.

Only very general information has been made public regarding the organization and activities of Indonesias intelligence and security bodies. In 2001 the name of the central intelligence-gathering institution was changed from the National Intelligence Coordinating Body (Bakin) to the National Intelligence Agency (BIN). Primarily cosmetic, the name change was designed to reflect the changes associated with the end of the Suharto era. BIN analyzes both domestic and foreign intelligence gathered by its own personnel as well as by the military services and the police. It is directly under the control of the president and maintains its own communications network outside the civilian and military administrations.

In 2004, after a series of devastating terrorist bombings in Indonesia, the president strengthened the authority of the BIN chief to coordinate all intelligence activities conducted by the military, police, and civilian intelligence agencies. In practice, such coordination has proved difficult to achieve because of inherent conflicts of interest and zealous protection of turf by the various agencies. BIN also was authorized to establish branch offices at the provincial level throughout Indonesia, and to direct all counterterrorism intelligence operations.




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