Army Uniforms

Indian military uniforms resemble those in the corresponding British services: olive drab for the army, dark blue for the navy, and sky blue for the air force. More uniform variations exist in the army than in the other services, with certain army regiments preserving traditional accoutrements. Sikhs may wear turbans instead of standard military headgear, for example.

The rank structure in the three services, especially in the commissioned officer ranks, for the most part follows conventional British practice. The army, however, has the category of junior commissioned officer, for which there is no precise equivalent in the United States or British services. Junior commissioned officers are promoted on a point system from within the enlisted ranks of their regiments, filling most of the junior command slots, such as platoon leaders. The senior junior commissioned officer usually acts as the principal assistant to the commanding officer.

Rank insignia closely follow the British system. Combinations of stars, Lion of Sarnath (the national emblem) badges, crossed sabers, and crossed batons in a wreath show respective army ranks from junior commissioned officer up through field marshal. The latter rank has been granted to only two distinguished Indian officers: K.M. Cariappa, a highly decorated veteran of the 1947-48 war with Pakistan, and S.H.F.J. "Sam" Manekshaw, the strategist of the 1971 war with Pakistan. Arm chevrons worn with the point down indicate enlisted ranks. Naval insignia follow the convention of sleeve stripes for officers and fouled anchor badges for enlisted personnel. The air force uses broad and narrow sleeve stripe combinations for officer ranks and combinations of chevrons, Lion of Sarnath badges, and wing symbols for enlisted ranks.

In the 1980s the Indian Army first adopted disruptive pattern (DP) battle dress. Since cotton uniforms faded quickly, the battle dress was made of polyester, an uncomfortable choice in India's tropical conditions. But even then the colours lightened because the design was printed. The army-issued uniforms faded and tore quickly, so troops were forced to go to the market and shop for their fabric.

By 2005 army brass were concerned about the fast proliferation of the disruptive pattern - which they felt was the exclusive privilege of the army - among the Central police organisations. From 2002 through 2005 the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), the Border Security Force (BSF) and more recently the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), which hired the services of the National Institute of Fashion Technology, Ahmedabad, switched over to distinct DP battle dress. The deeper concern was a dilution of the army uniform, insignia and nomenclature. First it was the "commando" - which once was used to refer exclusively to the elite, maroon-bereted units of the Army, but eventually came to mean anyone in a black uniform, from civilian security guards to policemen.

By 2005 the army, which had made several unsuccessful attempts over the years to prevent over-the-counter sales of its DP design, was planning to discard its two-decade-old battle dress. This was the third major uniform shift. The first was when it moved from khaki to olive green after Independence to distinguish it from the Pakistani Army.

Mechanised Infantry Regiment Guards Regiment Parachute Regiment Punjab Regiment
Madras Regiment Grenadiers Regiment Maratha Light Infantry Regiment Rajaputana Rifles Regiment Rajput Regiment Jat Regiment Sikh Regiment Sikh Light Infantry Regiment Dogra Regiment Garhwal Rifles Regiment Kumaon and Naga Regiment Assam Regiment Bihar Regiment Mahar Regiment Jammu & Kashmir Rifles Regt Jammu & Kashmir Light Infantry 1 Gorkha Rifles 3 Gorkha Rifles 4 Gorkha Rifles 5 Gorkha Rifles 8 Gorkha Rifles 9 Gorkha Rifles 11 Gorkha Rifles

National Defence Academy

The National Defence Academy is located south-west of Pune City and north-west of Khadakwasla Lake on 7015 acres of land, out of the 8022 acres donated by the Government of the erstwhile Bombay State. The other suggested sites were Bombay (particularly Marve), Bangalore, Dehradun, Belgaum, Bhopal, Deolali, Jabalpur, Nasik, Puri, Secunderabad and Vizag. Empirical lessons from the World Wars dictated the need for a joint Services Academy to train future leaders for combined operations. The vision of Lord Mountbatten in consonance with the sustained impetus and groundwork provided by Field Marshal Sir Claude J Auchinlek, C-in-C in India laid the conceptual foundation for a Joint Services Military Academy modeled on the lines of the US WestPoint.

FSMO Scale A
Blue Patrol
Ceremonial PT Rig
Drill Order
White Patrol
Riding Rig
Summer Mess Dress
Summer Mufti
Walking Out
Winter Mufti

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