Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa
On the 2nd of November 1961, H.H. Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa became the new ruler of Bahrain succeeding his father, the late Shaikh Salman bin Hamad bin Isa bin Ali Khalifa. On the 16th December 1961, a big official celebration was held in Bahrain celebrating the accession to the throne by the late Shaikh Isa. From then on, the 16th of December has been marked annually as the Accession Day in Bahrain.
H.H. Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa made his efforts for the country to gain independence from the British rule. On the 14th of August 1971, an agreement was signed ending the covenant treaties with Britain. Bahrain obtained it's independence on that day. On the following day the first Council of Ministers in Bahrain was formed with the Premiership of His Highness Shaikh Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa.
Before celebrating Accession Day on 16th December 1971, corresponding to the 10th Anniversary of His Highness Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa succession as the ruler of the State of Bahrain, an act was issued to regard the 16th of December as the country's national day and as the Accession Anniversary.
On the 20th of December 1992 the Amiri Decree No. 9 was issued which aimed to set up a Consultative Council (Shura Council). On 16th January 1993, H.H. Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa inaugurated the first session of the Shura Council. This significant event was attended by H.H. Shaikh Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa the Prime Minister and His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa (the Crown Prince at the time). Thirty members were appointed in the Council and the membership thereof was increased to forty in the second session.
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