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A.D. 431 - Council of Ephesus

The third ecumenical council, held at Ephesus in A.D. 431, was called by the emperor Theodosius II. Cyril, bishop or patriarch of Alexandria, presided, and under his lead (with the assistance of Celestine of Rome, who was represented in the council, though not present) Nestorianism and Pelagianism were both condemned, and Nestorius, who was bishop of Constantinople, was banished; but, after the arrival of John, bishop of Antioch, and other-Eastern prelates, Cyril was also condemned, and a violent and protracted controversy ensued. There were, at first, 160, but afterwards 198, bishops in this council.

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Page last modified: 05-08-2011 20:02:25 ZULU