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Democratic Left Party
DSP Demokratik Sol Partisi

The CHP [Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi (Republican People's Party) was founded in the 1920s and led by Atatrk until his death in 1938. Headed by Blent Ecevit in the 1970s, it was one of the major parties prior to the 1980 coup. A majority of its deputies ultimately regrouped in the left-of-center SHP; others joined the DSP. The Demokratik Sol Partisi (Democratic Left Party) was founded in November 1985 by Rahsan Ecevit, wife of former CHP leader Blent Ecevit, who had been banned from political activity. The party advocated a more radical variety of democratic socialism than the SHP.

The center is moderate in the sense that its approach or ideology is acceptable by most of the society. The societal center is an area of values, understandings and attitudes accepted by the majority of the society, and regarded as the common characteristics of that society. The RPP of Ecevit in 1970s was also in that parallel, since Ecevit wanted to follow the necessities of that societal center. The honesty of Ecevit with no tinge of corruption might have increased the support of the societal center for his Democratic Left Party (DLP) in 1999. In 1999, Turgut Ozal, who put his mark on Turkey, was no more. In his own words, Demirel left six times and came for seven, and became the President after his premiership. Ecevit had taken power of the Democratic Left Party, the party that had been reborn from its ashes, and took the Prime Minister's chair for the fourth time.

In January 2000, President Demirel asked Bulent Ecevit, leader of the Democratic Left Party (DSP) and caretaker prime minister since November, to form a new government, pending elections which took place in April. No party won an overall majority, but the DSP and the extreme right-wing National Action Party (MHP), both strongly nationalist, formed a coalition, with B\lent Ecevit continuing as prime minister and the Motherland Party (ANAP) as a third partner.

The 2001 economic crisis was mostly relevant with mistrust among the coalition members and the President Sezer. there was a lack of the desired level of co-ordination among the coalition members, as they represent different political views. DSP (Democratic Left Party) was a left-wing party whereby ANAP (Motherland Party) was advocating liberalism and MHP (National Action Party) was advocating nationalist and corporatist ideology.

Early parliamentary elections were held in November 2002 after several ministers resigned from the government formed by the Democratic Left Party (DSP) of Prime Minister Blent Ecevit, the Nationalist Action Party (MHP) and the Motherland Party (ANAP). Being the biggest party sharing the government before the general election; DSP followed a successful strategy, which an incumbent party should carry out by explaining what kind of significant projects it put into practice while it was in power and the new projects it developed for the benefit of country.

The Justice and Development Party (AKP) was elected to government with an absolute majority. Dramatically, none of the parties in the previous Parliament were able to pass the national threshold, including the ones which passed the reformist third legislative package, namely the Democratic Left Party (DSP), Nationalist Action Party (MHP), and the Motherland Party (ANAP).




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