Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers
The Council of Ministers consists of the Prime Minister, designated by the President of the Republic from members of the Turkish Grand National Assembly [TGNA], and various ministers nominated by the Prime Minister and appointed by the President of the Republic. Ministers can be dismissed from their duties by the President or upon the proposal of the Prime Minister when deemed necessary.
When the Council of Ministers is formed, the government's program is read at the TGNA and a vote of confidence is taken. Members of the Council of Ministers are responsible for the execution of general policies. The Ministers assume two kinds of political responsibilities. First is responsibility for the general policy of the government, shared equally by all ministers. Second, each minister is individually responsible for matters within the jurisdiction of his/her own ministry and for the acts of his/her subordinates.
The fundamental duty of the Council of Ministers is to formulate and to implement the internal and foreign policies of the state. The Council is accountable to the Parliament in execution of this duty.
The Constitution also includes national defense in the section related to the Council of Ministers. The Office of the CommanderinChief, the Office of the Chief of the General Staff and the National Security Council form the authorative organizations for national defense.
The National Security Council consists of the Prime Minister, the Chief of the General Staff, the Minister of National Defense, the Minister of Interior, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Commanders of the Army, Navy and the Air Force and the General Commander of the Gendarmerie, under the chairmanship of the President of the Republic. Depending on the particulars of the agenda, Ministers and other persons concerned may be invited to meetings of the Council and their views heard.
The NSC makes decisions related to the determination, establishment and application of national security policy. The NSC submits to the Council of the Ministers its views on the advisory decisions that are taken to ensure the necessary conditions with regard to the formulation, establishment, and implementation of the national security policy of the state. The Council of Ministers evaluates decisions of the NSC concerning measures that it deems necessary for the preservation of the existence and independence of the state, the integrity and indivisibility of the country, and the peace and security of society. The Council of Ministers gives priority to National Security Council decisions where measures deemed necessary for the preservation of the existence and independence of the state, the integrity and indivisibility of the country and the peace and security of the society are concerned. The agenda of the NSC is drawn up by the President of the Republic taking into account the proposals of the Prime Minister and the Chief of the General Staff.
The Prime Minister is responsible for ensuring the Council of Ministers functions in a harmonious manner. He/she supervises implementation of government policy. The Prime Minister is the de facto head of the executive branch. Each Minister is accountable to the Prime Minister who in turn ensures that Ministers fulfill their functions in accordance with the Constitution and its laws. The administration entity, its structure and functions, is regulated by law. The organization and functions of the administration are based on the principle of centralization and local administration.
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