TIFV (Turkish Infantry Fighting Vehicle)
Turkey's army selected an AIFV shortly after its appearance, but the first order for 500 vehicles in 1978 was cancelled. In the autumn of 1987 the Turkish Defense Ministry announced a new tender for a infantry fighting vehicle. The competition involved the German company Krauss-Maffei with its Puma AFV, the British GKN Sunkey with the MCV-80 Warrior, and the American FMC Company. Eventually the winner in the tender was the American company. In May 1988, FMC entered into a contract between the Company and the Turkish company Nurol [the combined company was FNSS Savunma Sistemleri AS], to produce 1700 licensed AIFV vehicles.
In June 1988, the American company "Detroit Diesel" and the Turkish company "Hema" signed an agreement on establishing a joint venture producing engines for these machines in factories in the cities of Kayseri and Polatli. Contracts awarded for manufacture in Turkey for sub-components of the vehicle include the engine and transmission, a Turkish designed cupola for the vehicle, a gun turret for replacing the original designed turret, and a night vision system, manufactured in Turkeyin conjunction with Texas Instruments.
The NUROL plant in Gel'baši for production machines was built with direct financial support from the UK, Belgium and the Netherlands. The plant had planned to release a 1698 AFVs, including BMP APC 650, 830, 170 mortars, self-propelled 48 self-propelled TOW missile system (the cost of the whole program was estimated at us $ 1,000,000,000). For the production of hulls for the Belgian company BMS joined Kokkeril. A total of 20 AIFV were ready made from the United States to educate and develop the production and Assembly of Turkish technicians. The Turkish vehicle received a designation TIFV (Turkish Infantry Fighting Vehicle).
FMC and their joint venture partner, Nurol (FNSS), began producing the ACV in 1991. The first TIFV were enrolled in Army combat units to Turkey in 1991-1992. The plan called for 1,698 vehicles to be produced overan eight-year period in four variations (Infantry Fighting Vehicle, Armored Personnel Carrier, Mortar Vehicle, and TOW Vehicle). The total project cost exceeded $1.5 billion. By 1995 only 200 vehicles had been formally accepted by TLFC. Problems with the delivery of major components and issues involving the appropriate level of armor protection plagued the program. The successful results of US-conducted ballistic testing eliminated the armor issue as a stumbling block and resulted in the acceptance by TLFC of approximately 100 additional vehicles. Funding and component delivery problems remained.
Prior to the implementation of the entire production program in 1997, there were already plans to start modernization of BMP 1479. Chassis TIFV are also APC with 12.7-mm machine gun in single turret, self-propelled 120 and 81-mm mortars (fire can be fought with machines or with soil); self-propelled ATGM "TOW" with two launchers in the rotating turret. According to the contract, a total of 650 vehicles in the Infantry Fighting Vehicle version, 830 armored personnel carriers, 170 self-propelled mortars and 48 anti-tank rocket launchers. The machines were delivered to the arsenal of the Turkish army between the years 1991 to 1992. Since then 2,596 have been produced for the home and export markets.
For the Turkish version of the license is used for marking TIFV (Turkish Infantry Fighting Vehicle). The vehicle is based on the type M113, sharing a significant proportion of parts. The chassis is made up of five castor wheels, drive around the front and rear tensioning, is equipped with pulleys. The driver sits in the left front of the hull, engine-transmission unit with the drive 6V53T Detroit Diesel is the right of it. Vehicle commander sits behind the driver. Tower (for versions of OT and BMP) are offset slightly to the right, space swarm fills the rear of the hull. Vehicles are equipped with filtered ventilation devices.
Single Turret American Type Sharpshooter has a 25-mm cannon is an American independent faction "Bushmaster" with power and external electromechanical drive automatics. A total of 165 rounds of ammunition guns are ready for firing, 199 are positioning (although according to other data, ammunition guns less-230 shots). With 7.62mm M60E2 machine gun. Installation of armament is stable, vertical command are fragile-from -8 to +48 deg, actuators, electro-hydraulic command. Can be installed in two blocks of three smoke grenade launcher.
To improve the mobility of the vehicle, the engine 6V-53T was upgraded, bringing the power to 300 HP, so power increased to 21.42 PS/t. Improved automatic transmission provides four speeds forward and one reverse. volume increased Reflow crew seats for landing number to eight, bolstering the infantry compartment. Otherwise, the TIFV almost completely identical to that of its American prototype.
The Turkish armored combat vehicle shared 60 percent of its parts with the American-made M113. The M113 is very common and found in many areas in the world. FNSS actively marketed its modifications and upgrades in North Africa and the Middle East. FNSS sought to market the higher horse power engine upgrade of the vehicle. This modification to the M113 was supported by many of the subcontractors of FNSS and indicated that the armored combat vehicle project had produced a viable defense infrastructure able to acquire new markets and enough innovation to compete in the world's arms market. The M113 was out of production in the United States. The American producer was supported by the General Dynamics Service Company but indicated that this support would end in the late 1990s. There were approximately 8000 M113s in the Mediterranean and Middle East region which could provide a market for Turkish defense industry.
FNSS produced three special configurations of the armored combat vehicle intended solely for export. These were: armored mortar vehicle model II and model III, and the armored infantry fighting vehicle Model II. Initially FNSS had not found a market for these vehicles. This is an extremely competitive market with very large manufacturers competing for a decreasing market. Additionally, Turkey's natural market in the Middle East was experiencing economic difficulties in the 1990s as the result of expenditures during the Gulf War.
Export versions are known as ACVs, with sales having been made to Malaysia (211) and the United Arab Emirates (136). Malaysia purchased it in the modification with a 25 mm cannon or with a combination of 40-mm automatic grenade launcher and a 12.7 mm machine gun in the turret. Additional export orders are expected from existing and new customers.
A modernized version of the TIFV, specially designed for export was designated ACV-300 (Armored Combat Vehicle) and was presented by NUROL in 1998. Single turret "Sharpshooter" is equipped with a stabilized 25 mm American gun "Bushmaster" with selective power (rate of fire: 200 rounds/min and single) and a 7.62 mm machine gun. Weapons are guided with electrohydraulic system with manual duplication. ACV-300 is equipped with all the necessary tools for survival in the conditions of modern combat: an agile CSPS, laser warning system, smoke grenade launchers, filter-ventilation unit. Additional armor protection turret and hull protect against all types of small arms and heavy machine guns.
A joint venture between the Nurol Group of Turkey and BAE Systems, FNSS Savunma Sistemleri A.S. is a leading designer, manufacturer and supplier of armoured combat vehicles and weapon systems for the Turkish Armed Forces, as well as the armed forces of allied nations. Its extensive product line comprises tracked and wheeled armored combat vehicles, weapons stations and combat utility vehicles.
The tracked Armoured Combat Vehicle (ACV) family is a combat-proven low-silhouette vehicle that is capable offering high mobility over all kinds of terrain and in amphibious operations. It has the necessary mounting provisions for the transformation of the vehicle into various configurations, all based on the standard chassis of the Advanced Armoured Personnel Carrier (AAPC).
Using the experience gained with the ACV, FNSS has developed the ACV-S family, which features a higher internal volume and payload. The ACV-S offers the latest developments in vehicle performance while maintaining commonality with the ACV family, and is similarly available in a number of different configurations. In service with a number of armies worldwide, ACV and ACV-S vehicles have proven themselves in high-intensity operations, peace support / keeping and against asymmetrical threats.
FNSS Savunma Sistemleri A.S., Turkey’s leading defense exporter, delivered six Upgraded Advanced Infantry Fighting Vehicles to the Armed Forces of the Philippines in January 2010. To mark these deliveries, The Armed Forces of the Philippines held a formal Turn-Over and Commissioning Ceremony on 25 January 2010 at Camp Aguinaldo, Manila, Philippines, where His Excellency Adnan Basaga, Ambassador of the Republic of Turkey participated in the ceremonies.
The TIFV is one of a whole line of M113 derivatives which share important similarities. A number of countries produce the IFV style units: the Pakistani PIFV, Italy (VCC-1 - similar to the Pakistani variant), Taiwan (CM-21), Korea (K200), Belgium (AIFV), and Turkey (TIFV and it's stretched version the ACV-S). All are modeled after the AIFV which was an initial US effort to convert the faithful boxy little M113 into an infantry fighting vehicle with enhanced armor, the sloped sides, the ability of infantry to fire from within the crew compartment, and the addition of a turreted cannon in place of the .50 cal machine gun.
|Users||Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Malaysia.|
|Similar Foreign Designs||
|Combat weight||14,200 kg|
|Height (roof of the body)||2010 mm|
|Height (overall)||2840 mm|
|Ground clearance||430 mm|
|Transmission||Allison X200-4, automatic, 4 degrees for forward, 1 reverse gear|
|Acceleration 0-48 km / h||21 sec|
|Fuel tank capacity||416 l|
|Driving distance||490 km|
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