Royal Norwegian Navy - Modernization
The Navy's operational capability was significantly enhanced with the commissioning of new helicopter-equipped frigates and MTBs, with a new logistics ship following later. This provided one of the world's most modern navies. The Coast Guard continued to be given high priority. In total, this represents an increased naval presence which will be valuable not least in our adjacent sea areas.
In 2008, the frigate project for the Navy was earmarked to receive the largest single allocation from the budget with planned funding of approximately NOK 1.2 billion. Otherwise the budget proposals imply continuation of the strong investment in maritime capabilities, represented for example, by major payments for procurement of the Skjold Class MTB, new anti-ship missiles, lightweight torpedoes, helicopters for the Coast Guard and the Navy and investment associated with maritime patrol aircraft.
In 2009 the sea systems area required substantial sums, particularly in connection with delivery of the Nansen Class frigates and Skjold Class missile torpedo boats together with their weapon systems. Furthermore, the Ula Class submarines were being upgraded and the procurement of new multipurpose vessels for the Naval Home Guard is in progress.
New submarines to the cost of NOK 3-4 billion each may be the next invstment for the Norwegian Defence, after it has taken delivery of new frigates and ordered new jet fighters. As of 2010 the six submarines in service were 20 years old, and may be serviceable for another 10 years. Experience has shown that it often takes ten years from ordering new subs until they are received and put into service. Sweden wants to offer new submarines to replace Norway's old subs. Sweden is one of few countries which still build submarines of the type which would fit the needs of the Norwegian Navy. In a few years the Norwegian Parliament (Storting) will have to decide whether or not to invest in new submarines at a cost of NOK 3-4 billion each.
During the course of the years to 2010-11, the Navy was phasing in 5 new Fridtjof Nansen Class frigates and 6 new Skjold Class vessels. The Hauk Class was in the process of being phased out and the two last operational vessels were withdrawn from service during summer 2008. At the same time, new Skjold Class vessels was phased in.
On 20 September 2013 Kongsberg Defence Systems signed a contract for supply of the MINESNIPER Mk III One Shot Mine Disposal Weapon System to the Royal Norwegian Navy. The contract is won in international competition and made between the Norwegian Defence Logistics Organisation and KONGSBERG, represented by the Naval Systems & Surveillance division.
According to the "Future acquisitions for the Norwegian Armed Forces 2015-2023", the bulk of the investments within the Naval Systems Programme are related to the completion of the acquisition programds of new capital ships and related weapon systems. Within Naval systems the main investment is two more vessels of the new ocean going Cost Guard vessel class, investments in the project “Submarine capability beyond 2020” and maritime helicopter (NH90).
Nordkapp-class where commissioned in 1980-82, as the first artic offshore patrol vessel with embarked helicopter, for the Norwegian Coast Guard. The new vessels will have the same capabilities and operational requirement as the Nordkapp-class, and will operate in the same environment. Delivery of one or two vessels would be completed by 2023 or later.
Submarine Capability post 2020 project is intended to maintain a submarine capability beyond 2020 as the current fleet of submarines reach the end of it technical and operational capability. The scope of the programme is not decided. Current evaluation of possible alternatives discusses a major refit of the Ula-class or the acquisition of a new class of submarines. Delivery would be completed by 2030.
The Mid-life Update Svalbard-class Coast Guard Ship was not defined with respect to content and scope. The age of the ship is such that a significant upgrade most likely will be necessary. Contents and scope will be determined based on technical reviews of the vessel and her equipment.
Norway got its first submarine 28. November 1909. It was built by Germania shipyard in Germany and got the name Seal. From 1909 until 2015, Norway had a total of 40 submarines under the command, including thed six conventional submarines of the Ula-class that was delivered in the period 1989 to 1992. The Norwegian submarines are particularly well suited to to operate in Norwegian waters, but they have also, by several occasions participated in international operations in the Mediterranean. The submarines are characterized by the great power and long range, at the same time as they have the ability to operate hidden for long periods.
The submarines are thus a feared opponent for a potential aggressor and is consequently one of Norway's most important military strategic resources. The Navy has the man-years to staff four submarines, each requiring a crew of 21 people. By 2015 they were undergoing a period with the upgrade and life extension, so that they can propagate to 2027, when the plan is to replace the them with new ones. Overhauling must be carried out every five years, and in times of peace it will therefore, at any time be a submarine on the overhaul.
The Navy had in 2014 a accounting for a total of 2.297 billion, and this was about 14 percent used on submarines. Submarine weapon's budget was in 2014 318 million, distributed with 110 million to the operation and 208 million for maintenance.
On 01 October 2015, the Chief of Defence presented his Strategic Defence Review regarding the future development of the Norwegian Armed Forces. Increased presence and operational capability in the High North are to be prioritised. The Navy will concentrate base activity around Haakonsvern and Ramsund. Capacity for mine countermeasures will develop new concepts, while the Tactical Boat Squadron and Coastal Ranger Command will be dismantled. Some of the competence from the latter will be transferred to other capacities. The corvettes will be continued until F-35 fighter aircraft are operational with Joint Strike Missiles. The Coast Guard is to be prioritised and dimensioned for peacetime assignments.
Tactical boat Squadron at Trondenes/Harstad South would be phased out as quickly as possible and wound up. The coast guard, the frigates with the NH90 helicopters, logistics vessel KNM Maud and autonomous minemottiltaksteam with the two support vessels of the Reine-class would be continued. The Navy's operational logistics adapted to carried on the structure.The Navy establishes a boarding and force protection capacity in support of the frigate and Coast Guard operations, based on continuing competence from Kystjegerkommandoen.
Haakonsvern continued as the Navy's main base and with that the center of gravity for the Ramsund logistics in the North. KNM Harald sons prepare at Madla wound up, and recruit training is transferred to Haakonsvern. Schools and support structure adapted to a reduced operating structure.
The frigates constitute the Navy's main combat system. The vessels will reach full operational capacity when NH90 helicopters and weapons systems (NSM) is phased in. With five complete frigate crews will operate four Navy frigates continuously, which is primarily intended to strengthen the presence in the north. A high level of activity based on the increased number of sailing days combined with simulator training and courses to ensure crews skills and competency levels within the entire mission spectrum.
Corvettes are an effort capacity with great mobility and striking power. Capacity continued with six crews so that one can operate five vessels continuously.
The submarines will be continued as an essential capacity on the basis of their ability to operate hidden over time with great firepower. The submarines are, together with the new fighter planes, a resource with independent strategic skills while they are an important force multiplier in cooperation with other military capabilities. The Navy has six submarines that are currently being upgraded in order to be operational until 2020. The submarines recommended continuing with four vessels in the remaining lifetime for Ula class. This number is also recommended for the acquisition of new boats around 2025. In order to ensure the utilization of four submarines manned structure with five crews.
Coast Guard structure adjusted to consist of a total of 13 vessels: Fire helicopter carrying oceangoing coast guard vessels, of which three (Nordkapp class) planned replacement by 2018, four oceangoing vessels without coastguard helicopter capacity, and five vessels for Inner Coast Guard. Reine-class KV Magnus Lagabøte transferred to the Navy as a support vessel for minemottiltakskapasitetene. The closure of the Naval Home Guard from 2017 will be reflected in Inner Coast Guard mission portfolio. Coastguard prioritized peacetime tasks and high level of activity continued with double crews on all vessels. Support with NH90 to the Coast Guard continues from Bardufoss.
Logistic capabilities will consist of KNM Maud which phased in 2017, the two Reine classes and Naval Operational Logistics (MARCSS). Logistics vessels have their home port at Haakonsvern, but will also operate from Ramsund. Vessels are manned with simple instrumentations and will have activity similar frigates. KNM Maud has the capacity to bring under two NH90, but it is not planned.
The development of the structure the period 2017-2020 included administrative and operational management of the Navy collected at the Haakonsvern. Logistics vessel KNM Maud phased in and developed for full operational capacity. Kystjegerkommandoen/Taktisk boat Squadron is added down, and personnel and material rearranged after the armed forces' needs.
Boarding and force protection team developed, established and integrates with the ship and helicopter communities. Submarines in the Ula-class and Corvettes in the Skjold-class being phased out, and the Navy's activity at the coast guard station Sortland and Trondenes/Harstad South wound up and the bases disposed of.
New helicopters (NH 90) were acquired for today's structure and phased in 2015. The phasing and the integration of the NH90 in the coast guard and the frigates continues. Real estate, building and construction for 334-Squadron at Haakonsvern completed and operationalised.
The development of the structure the period 2021-2028 included a new helicopter carrying vessel in Outer Coast Guard plans and new ships phased in to replace Nordkappklassen [Nordkapp class]. The Navy's recruit training and basic officer training would be moved to Haakonsvern and Madla camp (KNM Harald sons prepare. Mid-life update of the frigates were being considered. The engineering of the new surface capacity [ny overflate kapasitet] in the Navy would begin.
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