KystVakt - Coast Guard
The Coast Guard [KV] is divided into outer and inner KV [Indre KystVakt]. The Outer KV operates in the Norwegian jurisdiction outside the baseline. The primary task of the Coast Guard is to uphold Norwegian sovereignty and associated rights in sea areas under Norwegian jurisdiction and in inner coastal waters. The principal tasks of the Coast Guard includes acting in support of Norwegian sovereignty, the exercise of authority particularly in connection with the administration of fishery and offshore resources, environmental monitoring, search and rescue preparedness and the provision of assistance both to other government departments and to the civil authorities. These tasks entail maintaining a suitable presence in waters under Norwegian jurisdiction - the Norwegian Economic Zone, the Fishery Protection Zone around Svalbard, the Fishery Zone off Jan Mayen and Norwegian coastal waters.
St PRP No. 51 (1994-95), cf. Inn S nr 220 (1994-95), Storting joined the Government's proposal to establish a standing inner coastal supervision with patrolling vessels as an extension of the Coast Guard. The inner Coast Guard is assumed to carry out missions for all agencies that have duties in the coastal areas. The vessels of the inner Coast Guard should initially operate in seven fixed geographical zones along the coast. It is shown to the mention of an interim solution for the inner Coast Guard in St PRP No. 1 (1996-97), S 183, and the Inn's Nr 7 (1996-97).
Overall, 95 percent of the tasks are civilian. KV is not a combat department and needs support from the Navy in order to handle situations beyond peace-time episodes. In crisis and in armed conflict shall KV solve more detailed, simpler tasks. According to the KL, these tasks should not be dimensioning for KV vessels. In a security crisis crisis, KV will help prevent a military escalation of a conflict, primarily because it appears as a police authority in the national jurisdiction, but also because KV is prepared to handle a situation-basedcrisis at lower intensity levels in their operating areas.
English trawlers were conspicuous in the northern Norwegian waters in 1905. With its modern machinery they were soon completely under the coast of eastern Finnmark. This resulted in the Parliament on 2 June 1906 approved a new law prohibiting all foreign nations fishing on Norwegian territory. But this was only a piece of paper. Norway also had to show teeth to ensure implementation of the law. Therefore, fisheries inspectorate in peacetime one of the Navy's main fixed-do over the years. Command vessel HEIMDAL, perhaps better known as the Royal Yacht HEIMDAL, started this landline service with supervision expedition to Finnmark in March 1908. Detachment Vessels were torpedo boat division VALKYRIEN in 1913 and transport vessel FARM in 1914.
On 31 January 1956 was about 20 Russian fishing vessels within Norway's fishery limit by Svinøy. Norwegian authorities were very serious on this and fisheries inspectorate must have the help of the Navy. Fire Tjeld class MTBs and mothership SARP was sent to the site. Russian vessels did not allow Norwegian crews to come aboard until after the Norwegians had fired shots. Four Russian herring drivers and a mother ship was first put under arrest and led into Ålesund. The following day was a total of 13 vessels brought into Ålesund. Norway protested against Soviet over this violation of the 4 mile fishery limit.
On 2 February, the Navy received reinforcements and the Russians had to admit the offense. On February 6, 2100 hours gave 16 Russian skippers his yes to police fines totaling 629,500 kroner for illegal fishing, and prepared himself to stick to sea the next morning.
In 1960, the naval fisheries inspection established and the Law of 24 March 1961 was our fisheries boundary outside Norway and Jan Mayen extended to 12n mil (22 km). This required greater resources in supervision. Spring 1961 was also the 5 naval vessels, 8 user guard skates and rented 3 catchers with the Authority on the stretch Vesterålen -Finnmark.
Simultaneously with the creation of the Coast Guard was initiated design of new Coast Guard vessels. They should be robust and seaworthy, could hold 23 knots at three meters high waves, be ice-strengthened, remain at a state of the art technological level for navigation, radio communications, weapons control and progress, have the best possible crew matters and be helicopters. KV NORDKAPP shipped from Bergen mechanical workshop April 25, 1981. Her sister ship KV SENJA shipped from Horten Verft May 20, 1981 and the third vessel KV ANDENES shipped from Haugesund mechanical workshop in February 1982.
The introduction of a control and enforcement regime for the areas covered by the North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission (NEAFC) requires Norwegian involvement in the administration and enforcement of the regime. The Coast Guard will, within the framework of this regime, provide the maritime presence needed to allow monitoring of the international sea areas in question, namely the North-East Atlantic, the Loophole" in the Barents Sea and the "Loophole" area in the Norwegian Sea. In addition to the Coast Guard vessels themselves, use is made of helicopters, Orion maritime patrol aircraft and additional leased observation aircraft in the surveillance of activity in all waters under Norwegian jurisdiction and in the areas covered by NEAFC.
The Coast Guard carries out fishery inspection duties, customs and excise inspections and other inspection duties including those associated with the Schengen agreement and the regulations governing the seaworthiness of shipping. In addition the Coast Guard carries out sea rescue missions and provides general assistance both at sea and to the police and other national agencies, as well as conducting checks in connection with port visits by foreign non-military vessels. The activities of the Coast Guard are regulated by the Coast Guard Act of 1999. The Coast Guard is assigned limited police authority and authority to conduct inspections and checks. It has the right to use measures for enforcement. The motto of the Norwegian Coast Guard is: EVER PRESENT!
The Coast Guard has up to 15 vessels at its disposal, four of them equipped with helicopters; three Nordkapp Class and CGN Svalbard which is specially strengthened for operations in ice. In all, five new vessels, specially built for Inner Coast Guard tasks, were phased in during the course of 2006-2007. During 2008-2009 three new oceangoing vessels of the Barentshav Class will enter service and three older vessels will be phased out. In addition the Coast Guard has six Lynx helicopters as well as leasing a number of civil aircraft for observation purposes. The Coast Guard was to take delivery of eight new NH-90 helicopters and will then have a first class modern fleet at its disposal consisting of 14-15 vessels and eight helicopters. In total the Coast Guard employed approximately 700 of whom the majority are serving on board ship or with the helicopters.
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