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Neutral European States

Basic data Rationale Form of neutrality Membership Possible development Participation in international operations (status: mid-2004)

Switzerland

Neutral since 1516, recognised under international law since 1815; Reason: foreign policy instrument of a small state; national cohesion. Self-determined permanent and armed neutrality. EFTA, participation in PfP, OSCE, UN, Council of Europe. Switzerland does not seek NATO membership. Some 250 persons (including Kosovo, North and South Korea, Afghanistan, Georgia, Middle East).

Belgium

Neutral from 1831 through 1945, recognised under multiple treaties; Reason: buffer state between France and Germany Self-determined permanent and armed neutrality. EU, PfP, OSCE, UN, Council of Europe, etc. founding members of NATO in 1949 none

Sweden

Neutral since 1855; Reason: negative experience with former Swedish power politics. Sweden sees itself as non-aligned. European Union (EU), participation in PfP, OSCE, UN, Council of Europe. NATO membership not to be expected in the near future. Some 1,000 persons (including Kosovo, Congo, Middle East, Afghanistan, Eritrea/Ethiopia).

Ireland

Neutral since 1938; Reason: To put distance between itself and its neighbor the UK. Self-determined neutrality also serves to maintain maximum scope of action. European Union (EU), participation in PfP, OSCE, UN, Council of Europe. Not likely to seek NATO membership even in long term. Some 800 persons (including Liberia, Kosovo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Middle East, Afghanistan).

Finland

Neutral since 1955; Reason: geo-political situation. Since 1995, Finland regards itself as non-aligned. It places great value on its autonomous defensive capability. European Union (EU), participation in PfP, OSCE, UN, Council of Europe. NATO membership not to be expected in the near future. Some 1,000 persons (including Kosovo, Eritrea/Ethiopia, Afghanistan, Middle East).

Austria

Neutral since 1955; Reason: State Treaty. Neutrality according to the Swiss model. Understood as non-aligned since 2001. European Union (EU), participation in PfP, OSCE, UN, Council of Europe. NATO membership is conceivable in the medium term. Some 1,000 persons (including Kosovo, Middle East, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Cyprus).




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Page last modified: 16-06-2017 19:28:03 ZULU