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Montenegrin Navy (Mornarica Crne Gore, MCG)
Mornarice Vojske Crne Gore

Montenegrin Navy (Mornarica Crne Gore, MCG)With the separation from Serbia in 2006, Montenegro inherited trained and disciplined in-place ground and naval forces. Their goal is to transform these units into a NATO-compatible force consisting of a light infantry brigade, a helicopter-based air force and a navy capable of coastal patrolling, search and rescue (SAR), and counter-terror operations. Major equipment projects include the replacement of its JNA (Yugoslav Army) soviet-era aircraft with modern helicopters, and the conversion of its existing blue water frigates to patrol craft. The navy's Kotor/Koni class frigates were disarmed, the Styx missiles and some other components were removed. A well-planned development of the sea and air surveillance, and of respective operational centers, will enhance the command andresource management capacities with a view of enhancing security and safety.

One of Serbia's primary aims during the Balkan wars prior to the Great War had been to gain an Adriatic port, preferably Durrs. Austria-Hungary and Italy opposed giving Serbia an outlet to the Adriatic, which they feared wouldbecome a Russian port. They instead supported the creation of an autonomous Albania. Russia backed Serbia's and Montenegro's claims to Albanian-inhabited lands. Britain and Germany remained neutral.

From June 15, 1993, to October 1, 1996, the Western European Union (WEU)and NATO mounted a joint naval embargo - Operation Sharp Guard - against Montenegro and Serbia, the two republics forming the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY), to enforce the UNs arms embargo and economic sanctions. The operationtook place in the Strait of Otranto and the Adriatic Sea. Over 74,000 ships were challenged; 6,000, inspected at sea; and more than 1,400, directed to port for inspection.

As of February 2003, the national name of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia has been changed to Serbia and Montenegro. As successor government, maritime boundary agreements entered into by Yugoslavia were considered to be still in force for Serbia and Montenegro, unless repudiated or amended. In June 2006 Montenegro became the sixth Balkan country generated fromthe collapse of the SFRY, leaving Serbia again land-locked.

By mid-2010 a former Communist-era naval base was poised to become the most important new European superyacht hub in decades. Porto Montenegro marina is being developed in the Bay of Kotor in southern Montenegro, the tiny former-Yugoslav nation, a region with the lowest GDP in Europe. It is the brainchild of multi-millionaire gold miner Peter Munk who hopes his plans will turn this area into a glamorous and economically thriving hotspot to rival the likes of Monaco, Cannes and Portofino. To this end, the bay, with its picturesque mountains, was undergoing a transformation that would leave it decorated with luxury penthouses, upmarket shopping boulevards and the capacity to hold 600 yachts in its harbor. This huge, mountain-fringed harbor had been hidden from view for decades, during its time housing the Tivat naval base, home of the Yugoslav navy.

As of September 2011 a total of 19 watercraft were in surplus. The possibility of replacing 7 (2 formation and 5 surplus) watercraft for smaller ones, to respond to the missions and tasks of the Navy of Montenegro, was being considered. Other watercraft will be attempted to be sold in the market. To date 4 watercrafts had been sold. If in the time envisaged the sale is not effectuated, they will be sold as scrap metal.

Montenegrin Navy (Mornarica Crne Gore, MCG)On 23 October 2006 the American Guided-missile cruiser USS Anzio (CG 68) pulled into port at Tivat, Montenegro. Anzio's visit was one step the Navy was taking to strengthen the emerging partnership with Montenegro and the Montenegrin navy. Anzio is the first ship to visit Tivat since 1975. Anzio is a member of the USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN 69) Carrier Strike Group, which is currently on a routine deployment in support of the global war on terrorism. The ships of the strike group are coordinating theater security cooperation engagements and maritime security operations with the armed forces of Montenegro, Italy, Cyprus, Bosnia, Greece, Croatia and Romania while operating in the Mediterranean Sea.

Adm. Harry Ulrich, Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Europe (CNE), was in Tivat May 21 to meet with President Filip Vujanovic to discus the strengthening relationship between the two countries maritime forces. While in Montenegro, Ulrich attended a ceremony aboard USS Emory S. Land (AS 39) with members of the Montenegrin government and the crew of Emory S. Land to celebrate the countrys first year as an independent nation. Emory S. Land visited Tivat to provide training and assistance for the Montenegrin Navy and to strengthen the relationship between the two navies. The ship visit allowed Emory S. Land Sailors to help their Montenegrin counterparts in improving their maritime security and safety by capability.

One of only two submarine tenders left in the Navy, USS Emory S. Land (AS-39) (ESL), was the third U.S. Navy ship to visit Montenegro since the United States began diplomatic relations with the country in August 2006. During the seven-day May 2007 visit the crew met with their Montenegrin Navy counterparts and participated in a series of community-related events with citizens of Tivat and other coastal municipalities. The crew conducted tours on board ESL, cleaned up a soccer stadium, visited an orphanage and local churches, participated in sporting events against local nationals, and hosted dignitaries such as Montenegrin Minister of Defense Boro Vucinic. Speaking through an interpreter at an evening reception held on board ESL, Vucinic stressed the importance of building a solid relationship with the United States and other European allies. The visit by ESL was an important step in building such a friendship and the minister expressed his desire for Montenegro to have the opportunity to host other such vessels in the near future.

The symbolic beginning of cooperation between the Defence Ministries of Montenegro and the Republic of France began with a visit of a French ship Plutin, in April 2008. It was announced in May 2011 that the French Navy ship "Lyre" would stay in Montenegro in the second half of June 2011.

Based on of the Agreement signed in July 2010, Italian Navy would train members of Montenegrin Navy to participate in the mission "Atalanta" in Somalia. Four Montenegrin troops participated in the EU's NAVFOR ATALANTA operation, under the Italian command. In May 2011 Minister Vucinic initiated the possibility that the officers of the Armed Forces of Montenegro participate in the ATALANTA mission on board French ship.

Montenegro accession to the ADRION Initiative (a navy cooperation program under the Adriatic-Ionian Initiative) resulted in an ADRION LIVEX exercise taking place in Montenegro. A series of exercises at sea began in early June 2011 with departure of ships participating in exercise ADRION 11 LIVEX". Procedures at sea, on the basis of EXOPLAN (Exercise Operational Plan) were developed at a certain level of procedure-exercise. Tactical maneuvering exercises presented procedures of joint group of seven sailing ships. The ships performed a few basic formations. Through implementation of these exercises a high level of interoperability of the navy ships of the Armed Forces of Montenegro with NATO member countries was confirmed, and that level is upgraded every year through the implementation of these exercises. Performance of MIO operations simulated a situation of naval blockade of a part of the coast, on the basis of international UN authorization, to prevent smuggling of drugs, weapons and trafficking of people. Members of the Montenegrin Navy shown that they know and fully apply the procedures set in this most complex naval operations, and they can successfully perform tasks with other NATO partners. Within the MIO operation boarding was conducted on a target of interest (TOI). Boarding procedures were performed by three boarding teams - Greek, Italian and Montenegrin Navy boarding team. Upon completion of the planned content of training, all ships that took part in the exercise, conducted a tour of the Bay of Kotor in formation.

Montenegrin Navy (Mornarica Crne Gore, MCG)

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