Burgundian Dukes of Luxembourg
In 1443, Philip the Good, duke of Burgundy, conquered the city of Luxembourg and the Duchy became a province of the Netherlands. His soldiers scaled the walls in the darkness of the night, massacred the guard, opened the gates with crowbars, poured into the city with cries of Notre Dame, ville gagnee, Bourgogne, Bourgogne, and finished the story of mediaeval Luxembourg without a blow. The only attempt at defence was made by the provost of the town, Jean Chalop, who threw himself on the foe and drove a lance through the arm of a Picardy knight. He was instantly massacred. Luxembourg, with its hundred and thirty dependent seigneurs, was become a Valois fief. The town was given up to pillage, and its franchises, seal, and properties were confiscated ; a bastard of Philip's was appointed governor, with a council of local seigneurs. Next year, however, at the instance of his wife, Philip made partial restoration of privileges.
Duke Charles of Burgundy, his Son, not trusting to this Foundation, strengthened himself afterwards by a Cession of the Duchy, from the Part of the Duke of Saxony: But that Prince could not dispose of a Fief belonging to the Males of the House of Luxemburg; and that Cession not being of sufficient Validity, it was found necessary that Louis of Luxemburg should be destroyed for the security of the usurpation. This, the Duke of Burgundy resolving, and preferring his interest to the honour of his word and safe-conduct, sacrificed Louis of Luxemburg to the revenge of King Louis XI who put him to death, though be was his own brothcr-in-law, and uncle to the King of England. That Prince perceiving his death concerted, declared that the Duke of Burgundy was his capital enemy, and resolved to destroy him, that he might unjustly retain his Estates.
Peter II, son of Louis, Constable of France, succeeded him ; but having only one Daughter, who was married to Francois de Bourbon, Count of Vendome, grand-father of the Great and Incomparable King Louis XIV, that imprescriptible Right was transfers to Charles of Luxemburg, Count do Brienne, de Ligni, and de Rouffi, only Son of Antony, younger Brother of Peter.
Antony II, son of Charles, succeeded to the same Rights and said Lands.
Francois I, son of Antony and Margaret of Savoy, had the same Pretensions; and King Henry III, erecting his Estate of Piney into a Peerage, was so well appri/.'d qf them, that he was pleasedd to give a distinct Explication of them. Francois de Luxembourg, Duke of Piney, was created Peer of France in 1581 by King Henri III. It was a peerage which, in default of male successors, went to the female.
Francois dying in 1613, Henry of Luxemburg, Prince de Tingry, his only son, by Diana of Lorrein, remained the sole and last Prince of the House and Name of Luxemburg. He died in 1616 having married Magdelaine de Montmorency, by which marriage was descended from him, Madam Margaret Charllete, Duchess of Luxemburg, represented by Monsieur the Duke or Luxemburg, her Grand-son, Heir to the Name and Estates of the House of Luxemburg.
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