Spain - Military Spending
The Ministry of Defense is convinced that Spain's military spending will reach 1% of GDP in 2021. It will still be a long way from the 2% set by NATO as a target for 2024, but it will be a leap from previous years, when it barely exceeded 0.90%, and Minister Margarita Robles will transfer it to her allied counterparts, according to sources in her department. The Defense budget for 2021 will be 9,409 million, a 4.6% increase. To this must be added some 600 million operations abroad and 676 credits from Industry. But the real reason that its level with respect to GDP increases is not because military spending is much higher, but because GDP will be lower.
By late 2012 the Ministry of Defense planned to reset and renegotiated the major weapons programs with which the State had acquired purchase commitments such as the A400M military transport aircraft (27 units), the S-80 submarine (4), the Pizarro armored vehicle during the first quarter of 2013 (190), and the NH-90 helicopters (45) and Tiger (24), as reported by the Secretary of State for defence, Pedro Argüelles. Such and was already the case with the Eurofighter program, where conversations with the industry were advancing. Various solutions might include the delay in the delivery of units, its reduction or sale [to a third country], to reduce the economic pressure on the Ministry, and reduce the national deficit. The Ministry had already managed to defer the delivery of 15 aircraft until 2015.
The General State budget approved for 2012 included an allocation of resources to the Ministry of Defence (sub-sector State) amounting to € 6.316,44 Million (M€), which represents a decrease of 8.84% with regard to the budget of the previous year and in relation to the GDP planned for 2012 (1.065.400 M€) a share of 0.59%. Including the approved budget for the autonomous bodies attached to the Department, which amounts to 1.095.303,94 m€, for 2012 budget consolidated by the Ministry of defence (sum of budgets less transfers between subsectors) becomes 7.351.484,32 m €, which represents 8.35% of reduction in relation to the consolidated from the past fiscal year and a participation of 0.59% of GDP planned for 2012.
The budget of the MoD in 2010 was €7.7bn (ie, 4.15% of the total Government spending). This figure represented a reduction of 6.8% from the 2009 budget, though the Government still aimed to maintain its commitment to existing modernisation programs.
At the end of 2010 the Ministry of Defense constituted a broad working group that developed the enormous task of compilation and updating of information relating to Special Programs of Armament (PEA - Programas Especiales de Armamento), auditing the financial situation and evaluating the results so that availability of a documentary collection that not only reflects thesituation of each and every one of programs but also of their different impacts on eachfield of interest and, especially, in the budget forecasts of the next years.
Special Programs of Armament
|program name||Date of |
|Aviones EF 2000 (Eurofighter)||20/11/1997||9.255||9.255||11.718|
|Buque Proyección Estratégico||05/09/2003||360||375||462|
|Helicóptero de combate TIGRE||05/09/2003||1.274||1.517||1.580|
|Vehículo PIZARRO (2ª serie)||05/09/2003||708||787||845|
|Buque Acción Marítima (BAM)||20/05/2005||352||390||488|
|Buque de Aprovisionamiento en Combate||20/05/2005||213||229||238|
|Misil ALAD (TAURUS)||24/06/2005||57||60||60|
|Obús REMA 155/52 SIAC||01/07/2005||181||196||200|
|Helicóptero medio UME||14/12/2007||76||76||80|
|Avión Apagafuegos UME||14/12/2007||44||41||41|
|Nodos CIS desplegables||24/12/2008||60||60||61|
- Eurofighter aircraft. Spain had initially bought 87, though it was giving a second thought to the 3B tranche (14 items);
- A400M transport aircraft. 27 purchased. The participating nations have recently agreed on increasing their funding of the programme, which generates 2,000 jobs in Spain;
- 24 x Tiger attack helicopters. Eurocopter agreed to set up an assembly line in Albacete as part of their industrial offset package;
- IRIS-T missiles (770 units) to replace the current fleet of Raytheon’s AIM-9 Sidewinders;
- Modernisation programs of the EF-18 APlus Hornet, P-3 Orion and CN-235 maritime surveillance aircraft fleets;
- Strategic UAV Talarion program, with Germany and France, after the jet-propelled Barracuda demonstrator successfully flew in 2009;
- 45 x Eurocopter’s NH90 transport helicopters (deliveries starting in 2013);
- Mine hunting vehicles LMV and RG-31, deployed in Afghanistan as they are received to protect the Spanish forces;
- 8x8 armoured vehicles. The first phase only will include 300x units, for a value of c.€1.5bn. Tender delayed to the first half of 2010;
- Leopard 2E and Pizarro (Spanish Ascod) platforms, still in delivery (around 200 units of each type). These programs were due to finish by end of 2013;
- Army tactical UAVs (Searcher Mk II);
- 4 x S-80 submarines built by Navantia, due 2016. 2nd phase of this programme cancelled;
- Carrier & strategic projection ship Juan Carlos I. Built by Navantia in their Galician shipyards, the Spanish Navy’s largest ship ever was commissioned in mid 2010.
NON-FINANCIAL BUDGET(Current euro)
NON-FINANCIAL BUDGET(Current euro)
Alhough personnel costs remained high in proportion to total defense expenditures, a distinct reduction was recorded between 1982 and 1986, of from 49.9 percent to 44.5 percent. Expenditures for construction and materiel expanded from 34.8 percent of the total in 1982 to 42.3 percent in 1986. Operating costs (of 15.3 percent in 1982 and 13.2 percent in 1986) were proportionately somewhat lower. Although the army was gradually bringing its personnel outlays under control, they continued to be much higher than those in the other services--58.8 percent of its total expenditures in 1988, compared with 31.3 percent in the navy and 33.5 percent in the air force. Moreover, because of their earlier starts on modernization programs, much higher shares of the navy and the air force budgets (over 50 percent for each in 1986) were being invested in equipment and in construction than was true in the army (22 percent in 1986). According to a study prepared by the United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, Spain ranked thirteenth among NATO's sixteen nations in military expenditures per capita, calculated on the basis of 1985 defense budgets. With the exception of Luxembourg and Iceland, it ranked last in military expenditures as a percentage of GDP. Spain's defense outlays were well below the average of 3.4 percent of GDP attained by other European NATO countries.
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|