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Spain - Ejército del Aire - Roundel

The first military aircraft wore the Cockade with national colors and the national flag in the vertical empennage. With the advent of the Republic, the Cockade and the rudder flag represented the colors of the Republican flag. At the outbreak of the civil war loyalists and rebels aircraft the Government wore the same rosettes which produced a series of errors in identification and the rosettes, painting them black were changed on the rebel side. Later more crosses of St. Andrew on the rudders and the wings were painted to identify the aircraft.

During the war there was a myriad of versions in the identification of the aircraft of the 'national', in the top surface of the planes used to paint is a circle black with a white cross, but the soffit and the fuselage were black only. The fuselage painted a pet own Squadron or the arrows of the emblem of phalanx, taken by the single party created by Franco sometimes blank. At the end of the war the rosettes recovered the colors prior to the Republic, staying for a time the Black circles with arrows in the fuselage.

The Cross of San Andrés or Burgundy is one of military symbols most former Spanish army and after the war remained the hallmark of military aircraft. In principle the Cruz de San Andrés on white background occupied all the rudder, with some variations, as the sabres who wore it on the fixed part and without white background and the first aircraft dedicated to the HRH that wore the national flag. Also some prototypes wore the national flag as the the 'Saeta'.

With the adoption of camouflage and subsequently 'low visibility' scheme, the cross of St. Andrew was painted in sizes more typically reduced on the top of the rudder, although like every rule with many exceptions.

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Page last modified: 16-01-2013 19:02:16 ZULU