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Military


Brigades

An infantry brigade consisted of the staff, two infantry and two landwehr infantry regiments ; a cavalry brigade was composed of the staff and two to three cavalry regiments ; an artillery brigade, of the staff and two field artillery regiments. The brigade commander (major-general or colonel) superintended the tactical training and interior economy of the troops composing his brigade, and was held responsible for its efficiency.

Brigadiers of infantry and cavalry were subordinate to the Divisional generals ; those of the artillery are directly under the corps commander in all business connected with military duties and administration. The foot artillery was under the Corps Commander in all military duties and in an administrative respect, but in technical matters was under one of the Inspectors of Artillery.

In an administrative capacity the functions of brigadiers were limited to having their brigade at all times in an efficient state, but they form a very important member in the general organisation of the army, in so far that they are responible to the corps commander for all duties connected with the landwehr district of which they are the military chiefs.

The landwehr-district staff in each landwehr battalion district, and their subordinate sergeants-major stationed in each company district, formed the connecting links between those liable to military service living at home and the army, The landwehr district staff have also to superintend the formation of the landwehr battalions in their district, and to arrange for their clothing and equipment.

The infantry, cavalry, and artillery brigades, except the guard brigades, were numbered consecutively ; the artillery brigade bore always the same number as the army corps to which it belongs. The brigade staff consisted of the commander and one lieutenant as adjutant. In Ersatz matters the brigade commander is assisted by a staff of special Ersatz officials.

Commanders of brigades of field artillery had at their disposal the ammunition columns of their army corps. The timely replenishment of the latter from the columns of the field ammunition park, and of this, in its turn from the main ammunition depot or intermediate depot, devolved upon the general commanding the artillery of the army.




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