Deployments - Einsaetze
Germany's non-aggressive post-war constitution means that the country has somewhat limited options in military engagements abroad, especially with regard to airstrikes. Since the German reunification in 1990, the country's armed forces have become frequently deployed in support of international missions. Some of the larger deployments.
From May 22nd 1992 to November 13th 2003, 150 soldiers were deployed to Cambodia as part of the UNTAC mission providing medical support for the local population.
In 1994 the German Air Force conducted vital airlift operations for the UNAMIR mission in Rwanda, flying more than 288 missions with both C-160 and B707.
The German Armed Forces saw their first major out-of-area deployment in Somalia as part of the US led UN peacekeeping mission (UNOSOMII). 2420 soldiers from Army, Navy and Air Force provided logistical support for the UN forces. From bases in Kenya and Djibouti, Air Force C-160s flew numerous supply sorties mainly to the main German Base, at Belet Uen. With the end of the UN mission in March 1994, the last German troops left Somalia on March 24th.
While Germany did not participate in the Gulf War in 1990/91 (however, the country provided a significant amount of the funding for the war), German troops were nevertheless part of the UNSCOM mission that followed the military campaign. C-160 airplanes and CH-53 helicopters were used from 1991 till 1996 to transport UN personell throughout the region.
After the peace agreement for the former Republic of Yugoslavia wa reached in Dayton in 1995, German Forces have been making susbtantial contributions to the IFOR and SFOR contingents with up to 4000 soldiers. As of June 2005, 1080 soldiers are serving under the EUFOR command which replaced SFOR in December of 2004.
Also on the Balkan, German Forces, mainly the air force participated in the Kosovo campaign in 1999, flying more than 500 sorties in support of operation allied force. Moreover, the country plays a crucial role in the NATO led KFOR, and has more than 2.600 soldiers deployed (2005).
Following the events of 9-11, German forces deployed to Afghanistan under the ISAF command, numbering ca 2140 as of June 2005. The Navy is also supporting the global war on terrror with deployments of Atlantique MPAs and naval surface units to Djibouti and Kenya.
Germany plans to send reconnaissance jets to Syria, to help in the fight against "Islamic State," according to a Christian Democrat politician. French President Hollande appealed to Germany for help to fight the group. Henning Otte, the CDU's parliamentary defense spokesman, said 16 November 2015 that Germany would become "a more active contributor than it is now."
"We will not only strengthen the training mission in northern Iraq, but also advance our commitment to against IS terror in Syria, including the use of RECCE reconnaissance Tornados," said Otte. Germany would send a warship and at least one refueling aircraft, as well as providing satellite reconnaissance.
The Bundeswehr flew hundreds of reconnaissance missions in Syria and Iraq in 2016 as part of its contribution to the international efforts against the so-called "Islamic State" (IS). Germany had supported coalition airstrikes against IS in the two countries, operating six Tornado reconnaissance jets and a tanker aircraft used for aerial refueling. The Tornados flew 692 reconnaissance missions and the tanker flew 315. Together the aircraft flew 3,651 hours out of Incirlik Air Base in Turkey. Bundeswehr soldiers also helped crew airborne early warning and control (AWAC) aircraft during 10 reconnaissance flights for NATO.
In September 2016, peace activists demanded that Germany end its operations at Incirlik, saying US-led military interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq demonstrated that peace could not be achieved via bombing. "The military is part of the problem and not a solution to the problem," said Susanne Grabenhorst, chairperson of the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War.
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|