Heer - German Army
Army Command / Kommando Heer|
The streamlining of structures and reduction of levels of management are objectives of the reorientation of the Bundeswehr. Below the level of the Ministry, the Bundeswehr is led by military commands and federal upper authorities. The Chief of staff of the army leads the army from the Army Command in Strausberg, the only higher command in the Organization. The Army Command is the staff of the Army Inspector and the only higher command authority in the Army organizational area. The Army Command is the planning, command, control and control instrument of the Army Inspector. It is the central contact for the Federal Ministry of Defense in army-specific matters. The structure of the Army Command is consistently aligned with the structures and work processes of the Federal Ministry of Defense. At the same time, the Army Command works with the higher command authorities and the higher federal authorities of the other organizational areas.
Army Development Office / AHEntwg|
The tasks of the Office for Army Development (AHEntwg) are largely derived from the requirements for targeted army development. On the basis of the requirements of the Army Command, the Office is fully responsible for the further development of the concept, training, organization and material planning of the Army. It develops the basics for all skills that will be required in the army in the future, develops the existing ones and brings them together to form a modern, future-proof army system. To perform its diverse tasks, the AHEntwg has five departments, these are: basic / cross-section, further development combat, further development of reconnaissance / support, counter- improvised explosive devices (German: defense against unconventional explosive devices), organization.
The office came into service in 2013, making it the youngest institution in the army. Part of the digitalization of the army are the test and trial structures in Munster, which have existed since the end of 2018 and are subject to the AHEntwg. Together with soldiers from the Bundeswehr Central Medical Service organizational areas, the armed forces base and the cyber and information room, new digital technologies for the army are being tested under realistic conditions.
Training Command / Ausbildungskommando|
The training command in Leipzig, Saxony, is responsible for the entire planning and management of leadership training and advanced training in the German Army. This applies to the officer and non-commissioned officer school, training centers and troop schools. The training command is part of the leadership organization of the army. It is responsible for training in the army and is responsible for all schools and training facilities in the army. Training in the army is thus coordinated centrally and the principle of "training from a single source" is taken into account.
In the schools and training centers, the training of junior managers takes place, as does the type of training-specific, post-related post and individual training. Furthermore, the training command is subject to four central training facilities, which also provide international and comprehensive training for all organizational areas of the Bundeswehr. These are the Combat Simulation Center Heer, the Combat Training Center Heer, the United Nations Training Center Bundeswehr and the Training and Training Center Air Mobility. The special features of the schools, training centers and central training facilities are reflected in the structure of the Training Command staff. In addition to the leadership of the troop service, two specialist groups support the commander and the deputy commander in command management in order to assume responsibility for the technical training in the army.
1st Armored Division /
|The units and associations of the 1st Panzer Division are distributed from the north of the country to Hesse. They are led by the division staff in Oldenburg. The mechanized large association plans and leads the missions across the entire spectrum of intensity, including national and alliance defense, and provides the staff for multinational staff. Active soldiers and reservists are also constantly being trained. The division is responsible for the operations of the Army in the Resolute Support mission in Afghanistan and also for training support in Northern Iraq and Somalia. The 1st Panzer Division is the leading division for planning, deploying and training the NATO Rapid Response ForceNorth Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Very High Readiness Joint Task Force Land ( VJTFVery High Readiness Joint Task Force Country). The 1st Panzer Division works closely with the Polish, British and Dutch armed forces. For example, the 43rd Gemechaniseerde Brigade (43rd mechanized brigade) from Havelte (Netherlands) is subordinate to the division. To fulfill their mission, the soldiers have at least the main weapons systems Leopard 2 battle tank, Marder and Puma, rocket launcher MARS Medium artillery rockeet system II, self-propelled howitzer 2000, armored personnel carrier Buffalo , GTK Armored transport motor vehicle Boxers, swimming pool bridge Amphibian M3, folding swimming bridge, scout car Fennek and heavy-duty transporter Mammut. The 610 Telecommunications Battalion in Prenzlau, which is unique in the army, also belongs to the division, as well as the Artillery Training Battalion 325.||
9th Armored Training Brigade /|
The Panzerlehrbrigade 9, which belongs to the 1st Panzer Division, leads seven battalions. The brigade's headquarters are in Munster. It supports the training of junior leaders of the Bundeswehr, the entire army and especially armored combat troops. The Panzerlehrbrigade 9 is one of the armored combat units of the army. It plans and conducts the highly intensive battle for national and alliance defense under the leadership of the 1st Panzer Division or temporarily superior NATONorth Atlantic Treaty Organization-Commands.
The Munsteraner Brigade is capable of planning, preparing and executing multinational land operations during peacekeeping or peacekeeping missions abroad by the Bundeswehr. It supports the training of junior leaders of the Bundeswehr, the entire army and in particular the armored combat troops through demonstrations, as a showcase for the army, as it were, at the nearby training areas of Munster and Bergen. As a visible sign of recognition, the Federal President awarded the "Panzerlehrbrigade 9" cuff in 1987.
In the 19th century, officers and NCOs were sent to so-called “Lehrbataillone” (demonstration battalions) on a temporary basis in order to practice exemplary training and tactical behavior. While the Reichswehr (1919-1935) did not have such units, the Wehrmacht (1935-1946) embraced this idea and used it to develop ideas for highly mobile warfare (better known by the unofficial name “Blitzkrieg tactics”). The Bundeswehr (1955-present) adopted this principle and transformed it several times.
The history of Panzerlehrbrigade 9 started the creation of the first teaching battalions of the Bundeswehr in Munster camp on April 3, 1956, after the rearmament was decided. With a roughly equal proportion of conscripts like other brigades, the training Brigade carried out tasks in addition to troop training. In the context of restructuring to the Brigade of the rapid reaction forces and the traditions, the Panzerlehrbrigade 9, took over the Association badge of 1 mechanized infantry brigade, which was out of service as of December 31, 2007.
21st Armored Brigade /|
The Panzerbrigade 21, which belongs to the 1st Panzer Division, leads seven battalions. The brigade's headquarters are in Augustdorf. The Panzerbrigade 21 associations are trained for operations in national and multinational associations with the aim of conflict prevention, conflict avoidance and crisis management, as well as national and alliance defense. On 15 August 1957, the armored battle group C3 in Unna was formed as a precursor to the 21 "LIPPERLAND" armored brigade, under the 3rd Armored Division in Hamburg. The 21 "Lipperland" armored brigade has, as a brigade of the rapid reaction forces, the Panzergrenadier battalion 212, the armoured battalion 203, the armored artillery battalion 215 and the Logistics Battalion 7. For the first time in the history of the Bundeswehr, in 2008 German troops were the forces of the ISAF quick reaction force (QRF), consisting of around 1000 soldiers and soldiers of the Brigade.
41st Mechanized Infantry Brigade /|
Panzergrenadierbrigade 41, which belongs to the 1st Panzer Division, leads seven battalions. The brigade staff is located in Neubrandenburg. The brigade's associations are trained for operations in national and multinational associations with the aim of conflict prevention, conflict avoidance and crisis management, as well as for state and alliance defense. On April 1, 1991 the 41st Homeland Security Brigade was establishedin Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, and on 27 June 1991 the epithet of Western Pomerania was awarded. In 1995, it was reclassified to the 41st Mechanized Infantry Brigade 41. After the installation of the brigade staff in 2002, the headquarters company and the 413th Armored Battalion 413 moved to the Ferdinand von Schill barracks in Torgelow. The motto of the Western Pomerania 41st Mechanized Infantry Brigade reads : "ready to help – capable of fighting". This motto proved accurate with observer missions in Georgia, as well as the flood operations on the Oder in 1997 and in 2002 on the Elbe, as well as in the multinational environment, during the operations with IFOR, SFOR, KFOR in the Balkans and the UN with almost 2,600 soldiers. Panzergrenadierbrigade 41 "Vorpommern" is a combat unit of the army. It plans and conducts the highly intensive battle for national and alliance defense under the leadership of the 1st Panzer Division or temporarily superior NATONorth Atlantic Treaty Organization-Commands. The Neubrandenburg Brigade is capable of planning, preparing and executing multinational land operations during peacekeeping or peace enforcement missions abroad by the Bundeswehr. It supports the training of junior leaders of the Bundeswehr, the entire army and in particular the armored combat troops through demonstrations, as a showcase for the army, on the nearby training grounds. The soldiers of the Panzergrenadierbrigade 41 "Vorpommern" trust in their fighting power in the armored personnel carrier Marder , the armored transport vehicle Boxer, the weapon carriers Wiesel 1 MKmarkand TOW, the Fennek reconnaissance vehicle , the M113 tank mortar , the 85 mine-laying system, the Biber bridge-laying tank and the Keiler mine-clearing tank .
Dutch 43rd Mechanized Brigade|
The Dutch 43rd Mechanized Brigade was placed under the 1st Panzer Division on March 17, 2016. It has its home in Darp in the Netherlands. Their slogan is: Always ready! Serve with strength! The 43rd Mechanized Brigade is the only mechanized brigade of the Dutch Land Forces. It is subordinate to the 1st Panzer Division and offers combat strength for the Dutch territory and that of the international partners. The 43rd Mechanized Brigade is involved in promoting legal order and stability worldwide. In the event of disasters and crises, it supports the civil authorities with staff or specialist expertise. The brigade's troops are based in the north of the Netherlands. In addition, Germany and the Netherlands have agreed on a far-reaching cooperation project. This enables the German 1st Panzer Division and the Dutch 43rd Mechanized Brigade to operate in a binational context. As part of this project, German and Dutch troops are mutually integrated from company to division level. The Dutch 43rd Mechanized Brigade has been integrated into the German 1st Panzer Division since April 2016. In return, the German tank battalion 414 in Lohheide becomes part of this Dutch brigade. The Netherlands, which had abolished their armored forces, put up a company in the new German tank battalion 414. The combined tank battalion 414, which was occupied by German and Dutch soldiers and German tanks, was integrated into the 43rd Mechanized Brigade. A quarter of the tank battalion 414 serves Dutch soldiers, who are divided between the staff, the first and the fourth company. The tank battalion is equipped with Leopard 2 A6 MA6 and MA3 battle tanks. Within the large Dutch association, the battalion, in cooperation with the other associations, can wage war in all types of operations. It can also be used as part of a task force or as an independently operating force. The main order of the Panzer Battalion 414 is the preparation and participation in both peace-keeping and peace-keeping operations of the Bundeswehr.
10th Armored Division /
|The 10th Panzer Division from Veitshöchheim in Bavaria leads its subordinate brigades and battalions. It provides forces for missions, recognized missions and is a cornerstone in national and alliance defense. The 10th Panzer Division, together with the 1st Panzer Division, is one of the two major mechanized units in the army. The units and associations of the 10th Panzer Division are based in the south of the country. They are led by the division staff in Veitshöchheim in Bavaria. The mechanized large association plans and conducts missions across the entire spectrum of intensity, including national and alliance defense, and provides the staff for multinational staff. The soldiers of the 10th Panzer Division are specially trained for assignments in difficult terrain. The soldiers are not only specially trained for use in the mountains, they also have the equipment for use in the mountains and under the most adverse weather conditions. Another specialty of the division is the German-French Brigade. The joint leadership by both nations illustrates the deep bond between the two nations. With the change in the security and governmental framework, the 10th Armored Division was subjected to constant change after 1990. It reached the target manpower of approximately 12,100 soldiers with the inactivation of 30th Panzer Grenadier Brigade and the addition of the 12the Armored Brigade in the course of the year 2008. After a multi-year transition period, the "tenth" took up its function as a division of stabilisation forces and bears a significant part of the foreign missions of the Bundeswehr as the strongest Infantry Division of the German army. The "Bayern" 23rd Mountain Infantry Brigade in Bad Reichenhall with 5,400 soldiers stand with "Oberpfalz" 12th Armored Brigade in Amberg with 6,500 soldiers for stabilization missions abroad. The division in Veitshöchheim is the leading division for the operations of the army in the Kosovo Force ( KFORKosovo Force), at the European Training Mission EUTMEuropean Union Training Missionand the United Nations' Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission MINUSMAUnited Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali in Mali. It also provides the armed forces for the German portion of the Enhanced Forward Presence Battle Group in Lithuania, the recognized mission to protect NATONorth Atlantic Treaty Organization-East flank. The 10th Panzer Division integrates multinational troops. The tenth cooperates in training and practice with numerous friendly armed forces. Upon request, the division's soldiers provide support in the event of disasters and accidents, such as the snow conditions in southern Germany in 2019. Among other things, the division provides standby forces for the NATO Rapid Response ForceNorth Atlantic Treaty Organizationwho have favourited Very High Readiness Joint Task Force Land. To fulfill their mission, the soldiers have at least the main weapons systems Leopard 2 battle tank , Marder and Puma , rocket launcher MARSMedium artillery missile systemII , the Panzerhaubitze 2000 , the terrain transport vehicle BVProcurement and contract matters206 S Hägglunds , the Bergepanzer Büffel and the GTK Armored transport motor vehicleBoxers .||
23rd Mountain Infantry Brigade /|
The soldiers of the Gebirgsjägerbrigade 23 in Bad Reichenhall specialize in infantry combat in difficult to extreme terrain, including high altitudes and extreme climate and weather conditions. The Gebirgsjägerbrigade owes its unique range of tasks to special features in terms of personnel and materials, such as army mountain guides, pack animals and snow vehicles. The Gebirgsjägerbrigade 23 "Bayern" forms the core of the mountain troops of the German Army. The mountain soldiers perform operations across the entire spectrum of intensity - nationally and internationally. As an infantry brigade, it covers the capabilities of deployed forces to fight in urban and intersected terrain. In addition, the soldiers of the Gebirgsjägerbrigade 23 are specially trained and able to be deployed under extreme climate and weather conditions as well as in the most difficult terrain. This includes missions in the mountains, high mountains, under arctic conditions and in the desert. The modern equipment and equipment of the Gebirgsjägerbrigade 23 ranges from personal ski equipment to Hägglunds type snow vehicles. Depending on the terrain, weather and hostile situation, supplies are provided by motor vehicles, helicopters or pack animals, especially mules. Not only the scenic beautiful and convenient location of the individual sites, but also the diverse possibilities make the 23rd Mountain Infantry Brigade an attractive employer in the metropolitan area of southern Bavaria. The Edelweiß as Association badge shows the close ties of the Brigade with the region. The unique in the Bundeswehr range of tasks - the ability to fight in the most difficult terrain, extreme weather conditions - and demanding training, and implementation of this capability profile in operations abroad, characterize the 23rd Mountain Infantry Brigade "Bayern".
12th Armored Brigade|
The 12th Armored Brigade was established in 1959 in the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kaserne in Amberg, subordinated Regensburg to the 4th mechanized infantry division. The coat of arms of Panzerbrigade 12 is based on the coat of arms of the 4th mechanized infantry division from Regensburg. In 2007 came the reclassification in the structure of "New army", inactivating the armored artillery battalion 115, tank battalion 383, and the addition of reconnaissance battalion 8. The armored brigade 12 in Amberg is divided as follows: Headquarters company; Logistics battalion 4 (Roding); Panzer pioneer battalion 4 (Bogen); Tank battalion 104 (Pfreimd); Panzergrenadier battalion 112 (Regen); Panzergrenadier battalion 122 (Oberviechtach); Reconnaissance battalion 8 (Freyung); and Telecommunications battalion 4 (Cham).
37th Mechanized Infantry Brigade /
On 01 April 1991 the 37th Homeland Security Brigade was established from the remnants of the 7th Armored Division of the East German Army [NVA] in the Albert city barracks. On January 01, 1995, the 37th Homeland Security Brigade was renamed the 37th Mechanized Infantry Brigade and subordinated to NATO. On October 1, 1996, renamed Jäger Brigade 37; the Brigade became part of the rapid reaction forces (Krisenreaktionskräfte - KRK). On April 1, 2007 Jäger Brigade 37 "Freistaat Sachsen" was reclassified as mechanized infantry brigade 37 "Freistaat Sachsen".
German-French Brigade / Deutsch Franzoesische Brigade|
The German-French Brigade has been under the joint leadership of Germany and France since its formation in 1989. The partially binationally organized associations and units of the brigade are based in locations in both countries. She herself has her home in Müllheim in Baden-Württemberg. The German-French Brigade is a binational infantry brigade consisting of German and French troops. It is an important element of the EU's responsivenessEuropean Unionand NATONorth Atlantic Treaty Organization. The brigade participates in NATONorth Atlantic Treaty Organization- Major exercises. The brigade is a powerful operational team and is deployed worldwide. The brigade's mandate is specified in the agreement between the government of the Federal Republic of Germany and the government of the French Republic. The German-French Brigade is an operational and efficient large association that has a unique character. It not only makes a valuable contribution to the operations of the Bundeswehr and the French army, but also contributes to friendship and to maintaining the trust of the two countries by developing common principles, procedures and regulations. This makes the brigade particularly valuable in today's multinational operations. Military efficiency is improved by the large binational association. This is reflected in the harmonization of procedures, standardization and a growing integration of the two national troops. The German-French Brigade is an operational brigade like any other German or French brigade, but with the particularity of binationality and a broader operational capability. The soldiers of the German-French Brigade rely on the GTK, among other things, for their fighting powerArmored transport motor vehicle Boxers and the 2000 self-propelled howitzer.
Rapid Forces Division /
|The Rapid Forces Division in Stadtallendorf, Hesse, is the carrier of air mobility in the Dutch and German armies. With the Special Forces Command, a unique large association is subordinate to the division. The army's special forces are considered the best-trained soldiers in the army. In the Fast Forces Division ( DSKRapid Forces Division) the paratroopers, the helicopters and the command special forces are combined. The division's headquarters are located in Stadtallendorf. In addition to the Airborne Brigade 1, the 11th Dutch Aircraft Brigade has also been under the division since June 12, 2014. Together, around 2,300 Dutch and 9,500 German soldiers are pioneers in Dutch-German army cooperation. The DSKRapid Forces Division is the carrier of air mobility in the Dutch and German armies. Because of their training and equipment, the soldiers are of the DSK Rapid Forces Division as a light infantry in conjunction with the helicopters, it can be quickly and flexibly installed and used. The order and structure of the Rapid Forces division are tailor-made for possible assignments in a national and international network. Your mission enables soldiers to perform operations such as military evacuation and airborne operations. Conducting quick initial operations. The Bundeswehr's search and rescue service also belongs to the capability profile of the DSKRapid Forces Division. The predecesswor Special Operations Division was formed on April 1, 2001 in Regensburg. Training and equipment enable them to be used in a short time over long distances. The Division is able after its deployment to perform at the same time two physically independent operations. Currently it is available as a force contingent for a military evacuation operation. The Division also provides a multinational and joint command and control for the management of operations of the special forces. In the Special Operations Division currently 10,600 soldiers and soldiers serve. They are divided into 11 locations in six States. As a new unit in the army of the future, the predecesswor Airmobile Operations Division was formed on July 1, 2002 with headquarters in Veitshöchheim their service and was officially put into service was 2002. The Division, among other things, supported the air mobility in the army and assists other branches.||
Airborne Brigade 1 / Luftlandebrigade 1|
Airborne Brigade 1 is the only Airborne Brigade of the German Army. It is the Bundeswehr's fastest available brigade for crisis-related developments abroad. The paratroopers and airborne troops of the Bundeswehr are subordinate to her for her assignment. Paratroopers fight according to the principles of infantry and are the core of the specialized forces. Because of their armament and equipment, they are able to fight the infantry for a limited time without the support of other troops. The paratroopers can be used across the entire spectrum of tasks to carry out two special operations that are parallel and geographically independent of each other. A possible application scenario is diverse and ranges from a quick initial operation or an operation against irregular forces to military evacuation operations to an operation in the depth of space. At the same time, the brigade has forces ready for humanitarian operations after natural disasters, for stabilization operations or high-intensity operations as part of national and alliance defense. In addition, specially trained soldiers, the forces with advanced basic skills, also support the special forces. The brigade staff with the staff and telecommunications company serves as a management element in these tasks. The management of multinational missions and the integration of staff elements from other nations is also possible. Brigade forces are also involved in Bundeswehr missions abroad, such as in Afghanistan, Mali or Iraq. It also provides NATO forces at regular intervalsNorth Atlantic Treaty Organization Response Force and European Battlegroup. The brigade units also contribute to the fulfillment of the mission. The airborne reconnaissance aircraft and airborne pioneers support the task forces with their special skills. These provide information, for example, through conversation reconnaissance or promote and inhibit movements on the battlefield. Airborne Brigade 1 is assigned two regiments and four independent companies to perform its duties. On January 11, 2007 , the 1st Air Mechanized Brigade [Luftmechanisierte] was renamed 1st Airmobile Brigade. The coexistence of the helicopter with the infantry - to air, fire support, but also to the independent fight is at the heart of the "new" Brigade. Thus, the 1st Airmobile Brigade represents a first in the history of German armed forces. The Brigade is highly mobile and assertive powers available that can be used in all types of terrain, and at any time at any place. The Brigade evolved away from a support Brigade to a combat Brigade. The Brigade command airmobile Brigade plans, prepares and leads forces within the framework of luftbeweglicher operations. Core mission of the Brigade command is running its own troops as well as possibly another imputed units in the air-mechanized and airborne operations. The Brigade command is able to conduct a mission of rapid reaction forces and stabilization forces. This it works either within the framework of operations of the rapid reaction forces or operations of the stabilization force. In addition, it is qualified to support operations of the special forces and special operations tactical.
11th Air Assault Brigadee /|
11th Luchtmobiele Brigade
The 11th Luchtmobiele Brigade is a Dutch army association. The focus is on national and alliance defense. The brigade from Schaarsbergen in the Netherlands reports to the Rapid Forces Division. The Dutch 11th Luchtmobiele Brigade is a quickly deployable, light combat unit of the infantry and is one of the army’s helicopter combat units . The brigade can be deployed worldwide within 7 to 20 days. It plans and leads the high-intensity battle for national and alliance defense. Selected units of the brigade are trained to support special forces. The Dutch soldiers of the 11th Luchtmobielen Brigade rely on the Apache attack helicopter, the CH-47 Chinook transport helicopter and light off-road vehicles such as the Mercedes-Benz G280 CDI.
|The capabilities of the Special Forces Command ( KSK Kommando Spezial Kraefte) expand the options for action of the Federal Republic of Germany in the entire range of tasks of the armed forces. Specialists are particularly suitable for operations that are controlled and can be carried out at any time. The soldiers of the KSKSpecial Forces Command are based in Calw in Baden-Württemberg.|
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