The Largest Security-Cleared Career Network for Defense and Intelligence Jobs - JOIN NOW

Military


Boran 105mm Air Transportable Light Towed Howitzer (ATLTH)

Boran means "thunderstorm" in Turkish. The Boran 105mm Air Transportable Light Towed Howitzer (ATLTH) would serve the Turkish ranger and infantry troops in the operations. The weapon, which has modern command and fire control systems, is able to identify targets. Boran was made ready in a short time and it has a range of 17 kilometers (11 miles). The 1,720-kilogram (3,792 pounds) howitzer is consonant with Sikorsky S-70 and Chinook CH-47 helicopters. Boran can calculate, and target without usual deployment procedures due to its fire control systems. The weapon's system can be used between the Celsius degrees of -32 and 44 nonstop for 8 hours.

The system aims to meet the needs of commandos and infantry troops to perform air raid operations. The system compatible with the structures of these units will be able to be transported from the air. Boran, with its modern command and fire control systems, has the ability to make its position and direction ready for the shooting task in a short time. Boran, which will greatly increase the logistics and tactical maneuverability of the Turkish Armed Forces, can influence a maximum of 17 kilometers. The 105mm Light Tracked Air Transportable Howitzer Fire Control System provides the computer aided planning and execution of fire missions of the Light Tracked Howitzer developed to enhance the mobility of the artillery and provide direct fire capability, as well as digital integration to other fire support systems.

The duty of the artillery class is to provide continuous fire support by suppressing, neutralizing or destroying / destroying the enemy at the place and time needed in the battlefield in order to ensure that the troops accomplish their duties in all kinds of operations. Thanks to the increased ranges, the enemy's command-control, computer, communication, intelligence, logistics systems, and reserve forces are attacked and the war is deepened. While the artillery batteries provide this firing support from behind the front without showing the enemy, it can protect itself by constantly changing the position. Napoleon Bonaparte, himself an artillery officer, used the following statements while explaining the importance of the artillery class on the battlefield.

When it comes to providing the intense fire support required by the operational troops in mountainous areas and in the field without giving an image to the enemy, the first low-cost weapon systems that come to mind are airborne light towed howitzers. After the end of the cold war, the risk of all-out war, which decreased, has been replaced by asymmetric & regional proxy wars. Although the presence of 105mm lightly towed howitzers in frontline wars has been questioned by the effect of 120mm mortars, interest in highly mobile guns that will fit this new mode of operation today has increased in recent years. These cannons, which can easily change positions due to their lightness, can be transported to conflict zones by airborne helicopters and aircraft, and can be fired with parachutes when necessary.

The light towed guns came to the history scene with the 75mm cannon, which was developed by the French army in 5 years, with a range of 8500 meters in diameter, called French 75 for short. The 1544 kg gun, capable of 15 rounds per minute, became a legend in this class from 1898 until 1940, when it remained in production. It can be said that the towed guns fell from favor to some extent after the Second World War, when the self-propelled howitzers with high firepower, which could move together with armored units and change positions faster, entered the inventory. Despite the increasing use of KMOs, light towed howitzer studies continued. The main weapon systems of the Turkish Armed Forces Artillery Class, a traditionally important class; It consists of towed and self-propelled howitzers and cannons with calibers of 75,105, 155, 175 and 203 mm. Except for the new 155mm T-155 Storm KMO and T-155 Panther Towed Howitzer, produced with South Korea support, all artillery batteries are of US origin and are very old systems.

In the early 2000s, the need arose for a modern gun that could be towed by light tactical wheeled vehicles and easily change positions, could be transported by airborne helicopters or dropped from aircraft with a parachute, and could support ground troops in operation areas where land transportation was difficult. The project, which was initiated by the Undersecretariat for Defense Industries (currently SSB) to develop this new howitzer, would be equipped with modern fire support units.

The signing ceremony of the "105 mm Airborne Light-Towed Howitzer Project" was held on 05 November 2009 with the participation of the National Defense Minister Vecdi Gonul, the Undersecretary for Defense Industries Murad Bayar, representatives of the Turkish Armed Forces and the Mechanical and Chemical Industry Corporation (MKEK - Makina ve Kimya Endustrisi Kurumu) company executives. and MKEK signed a subcontracting agreement. As a result of the project, which will be produced by MKEK as the main contractor of the Turkish Air Forces, the Airborne Portable 105 mm Light Towed gun will be produced by ASELSAN. It is planned to cooperate with universities and R & D organizations and to be appointed as subcontractors from many sectors in the private sector. The project will not only meet the needs of the Turkish Armed Forces but also provide significant export opportunities.

A new 105-millimeter Air Transportable Light Towed Howitzer weapon system, which will be deployed largely to the Turkish Armed Forces' (TSK) logistical and tactical maneuverability, has been indigenously produced, Turkey's Defense Minister Nurettin Canikli announced on 05 May 2018. Boran's mass production will be started by the end of 2018, he added, and a total of 106 howitzer will be taken into the Land Forces Command inventory.

For the 105mm Boran Howitzer Project, Makine Kimya Endustri Kurumu is developing the weapon system and Aselsan is developing the fire control system. According to the first contract, the development contract period for the howitzer was 49 months, and the mass production phase of 106 105mm howitzers was 54 months.

The weight of Boran 105mm howitzer, which is stated to be shaped on the L118 prototype in various sources, is written as 1700 kg. However, with the latest improvements, howitzer weight approached the requested 1550 kg at the beginning of the project. As the force revised the project, the lightness of the howitzer lost its priority. The main reason for this is; The "bastion", which is included in the M119 (L118) model to reduce the weight and provides the howitzer sitting on the ground and firing accuracy, is the removal of the "rostrum" in our artillery class and the addition of a shock absorber system. This shock absorber system, which was added to the lighter obus, caused the howitzer to jump a little after the shot, causing the barrel to rearing, but the jumping problem was solved with the developed damping system.

The 6 CH-47 Chinook helicopters newly joined the Land Forces reached the capacity to carry 105mm Boran Howitzers both internally and externally, together with their ammunition and personnel, to every region of our country. In high and risky operational areas such as the Southeast, Land Forces UH-60s operate at a carrying capacity less than their standard configuration with self-defense systems and sub-armor added to helicopters (Standard UH-60 can carry 4080 kg). Therefore, the transportation of the 105mm Boran Howitzer, its ammunition and its personnel with a single UH-60 varies according to the altitude, temperature and risk characteristics of the operation area. Since transporting such a weight in risky operation areas greatly restricts the evasive maneuvers that may be needed by the UH-60 helicopter, it seems possible to carry the 105mm howitzer only in sea level operation areas and level flights where the risk is low.

The 105mm Boran Howitzer can reach a range of 17 km with deep-fired ammunition. The pressure of rocket-powered ammunition in the barrel has not been tested yet. The force does not prefer the rocket-assisted howitzer bullet because it reduces the firing sensitivity, but as in the Raytheon Excalibur 155 ammunition, GPS / INS / SAL guidance systems are added to provide this shooting accuracy. Although the weight of the 105mm Boran Howitzer is not certain, it is stated as 1710 kg with the complete Aselsan fire control system. It is planned that the howitzer, which is at the same level with its counterparts in the world, will not reduce its weight any more in order to fit more firmly on the ground and to provide shooting accuracy.

BORAN Fire Control System qualification tests were successfully completed by May 2019. The qualification tests for the BORAN 105mm Air Portable Light Towed Howitzer Fire Control System were successfully completed with the shots made in Konya Karapinar. BORAN Fire Control System (AKS) is a fire control system developed for use in a lightweight, high firepower 105mm BORAN howitzer that can be transported from air by helicopter, towed by road. This integrated system, which enables the preparation, fire management and fire control of the howitzer to be carried out with a computer, first speed measurement radar and inertial navigation system, also has electro-optic and laser rangefinder units that enable firing by seeing day and night.

The system provides digital integration of howitzer to command control systems and fire support elements. The howitzer, which automatically directs itself to the target with the data entered into the fire control system, can be used by the gunner from both the right and the left. The howitzer, ready to fire in 60 seconds by 5 crews, is expected to take its place among the modern systems of the Turkish Armed Forces in the 2020s.

The qualification tests of the BORAN 105 mm Air Portable Light Towed Howitzer Fire Control System were successfully completed with the shots made in Konya / Karapinar in January 2021. In the presence of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the Energetic Materials Production Facility at the Barutsan Rocket and Explosive Factory of the Mechanical and Chemical Industry Corporation (MKEK) was opened 30 April 2021. Speaking at the ceremony, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan Boran regarding the 105 mm Towed Howitzer, Our engineers, following the path of Ahmet Sreyya Emin, who invented the field cannon that could shoot 'serial' for the first time in the world with the inspiration they got from Fatih, made the BORAN howitzer, which is the best in its class. BORAN howitzer, with a diameter of 105 millimeters and a weight of 1,750 kilograms suitable for air transport by helicopters, being ready to fire in one minute and firing 6 shots per minute will make a great contribution especially to our commando units."

Turkey produces several types of military supplies and vehicles such as unmanned air vehicles, kamikaze drones, tanks, riffles, satellites and rockets with its private and state-run companies in recent years. The country's military products are in demand in international fairs -- including Doha International Maritime Defense Exhibition and Conference (DIMDEX) and the Armed Forces Exhibition for Diversity of Requirements and Capabilities (AFED). The Turkish military has used locally-made vehicles, weapons, and ammunition in the anti-terror Olive Branch Operation in Syria's northwestern province of Afrin.

Range> 10km
view 360
Fire Power > 6 ammunition / min (12 / min desired)
Weight < 1550kg
Ammunition all kinds of 105mm ammunition, use of the fitness
Positioning INS / GPS
Electronics Ballistic Computator, Barrel Tip Speed ??Radar, Meteo sensors
General features
  • Fire planning and shooting task execution in digital environment
  • Continuous position and barrel orientation detection through the inertial positioning system
  • Precise and fast ballistic calculation using bal NATO Armament Ballistic Kernel (NABK) et
  • First Speed ??Management
  • Graphical display of barrel orientation information
  • Laser Distance Measuring Device and Thermal Vision System with seeing shot
  • Digital radio communication with Fire Support and Command and Control systems
  • Display information on combat elements on a digital map
  • Task-oriented, menu-controlled graphical user interface
  • System Main Units
  • Fire Control Computer
  • Control and Imaging Unit
  • Shooter Imaging Unit
  • Inertial Navigation System
  • First Speed ??Measurement Radar
  • Laser Distance Meter Display System
  • Power System
  • Digital Radio
  • Boran 105mm Air Transportable Light Towed Howitzer Boran 105mm Air Transportable Light Towed Howitzer Boran 105mm Air Transportable Light Towed Howitzer Boran 105mm Air Transportable Light Towed Howitzer Boran 105mm Air Transportable Light Towed Howitzer Boran 105mm Air Transportable Light Towed Howitzer



    NEWSLETTER
    Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list


    One Billion Americans: The Case for Thinking Bigger - by Matthew Yglesias


     
    Page last modified: 05-05-2021 19:35:08 ZULU