Eritrea - Climate
Eritrea’s highlands are located on the highest landmass on the African continent and, therefore, have much cooler, damper weather than the semi-arid coast along the Red Sea and in the western hills and lowlands. The average temperature in Asmara is 16° C, whereas in Massawa (on the coast) it is 30° C and can reach 50° C. Average rainfall in Asmara is 508 millimeters per year; in Massawa it is only 205 millimeters per year. The Denakil Depression is one of the hottest places on earth.
The climate is temperate in the mountains and hot in the lowlands. Asmara, the capital, is located at an elevation of about 2,300 masl (7,500 ft). The maximum temperature is around 26°C (80°F). The weather is usually sunny and dry, with the short or “belg” rains occurring between February to April and heavy or “meher” rains beginning in late June and ending in mid-September.
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