Tanks Production and Repair Company (Factory 200)
Egyptian Tank Plant
Abu Zaabal Tank Repair Factory
Belbais Road, Cairo
This military factory is affiliated with the Ministry of Military Production. The Abu Zaabal Tank Repair Factory overhauled and repaired tanks and eventually became the producer of Egypt's main battle tank. The M1A1 Tank Factory (Military Factory 200) outside Cairo in Helwan is one of the largest military manufacturing facilities in this part of the world. Military production is centered on M1A1 military tanks and other armored vehicles. Its American-trained Egyptian workforce is highly skilled and has access to state-of-the-art production and maintenance machinery.
Egypt obtained US agreement in 1984 to build this giant factory to assemble US-produced M1 tank kits. In April 1987, US and Egyptian officials agreed to permit assembly and co-production of the M1A1 using US Foreign Military Sales (FMS) credits. Under the agreement, the Egyptians will assemble more than 500 M1A1 tanks over a 10-year period, and Egyptian officials hope that eventually the total will rise to 1,500 tanks. Six production cycles were established with each increment increasing the level of technology transfered to Egypt from General Dynamics Land Systems, with 80% of the work nonetheless being performed in the US. The first US-built Abrams were delivered to Egypt in 1992, with kit and high-use component production in Egypt starting in 1996. The production run of M1A1 tanks ended late in 1998.
Egyptian authorities are interested in attracting large-scale medium-and heavy industrial producers to produce other products at this excellent facility either under license or in joint venture. There is no reported civilian production at this location.
On 10 November 1997 the US Department of Defense announced the possible sale to the Government of Egypt of co-production of 50 M88A2 recovery vehicle kits, 53 M2 machine guns, 100 AN/PVS-7B night vision goggles, spare and repair parts, contractor technical support, support and test equipment, ammunition, publications, program management, personnel training and training equipment, U.S. Government and contractor technical and logistics services and other related elements of program support. The estimated cost is $197.9 million. The proposed sale and co-production of these vehicles at the Factory 200, Egyptian Tank Plant, will support the 555 M1A2 tanks in their inventory. The M88A2 recovery vehicles will be used for towing, winching, and hoisting operations supporting recovery operations and evacuation of heavy tanks and other tracked combat vehicles. The proposed sale of this equipment and support will not affect the basic military balance in the region. The prime contractor will be United Defense, Limited Partnership, York, PA.
On May 1, 2001 United Defense was awarded a $21.8 million modification to a Foreign Military Sales contract for the co-production of 13 M88A2 HERCULES improved recovery vehicles for the Land Forces of the Arab Republic of Egypt. Production of these vehicles followed United Defense's 50-vehicle M88A2 co-production effort with the Egyptian Tank Plant (ETP) in Cairo. The contract, from the U.S. Army's Tank-automotive and Armaments Command, incorporates an earlier modification for long-lead items in anticipation of this award.
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|