Tayir as Sabah
Egyptian technicians have reverse engineered and modified two Soviet SAMs -- the Ayn as Saqr (a version of the SA-7) and the Tayir as Sabah (a version of the SA-2).
Since its first deployment in 1957 the SA-2 became the most widely deployed air defense system in history. The missile system was used widely throughout the world, especially in the Middle East, where Egypt and Syria used them to defend against the Israeli Air Force, with the air defense network accounting for the majority of the downed Israeli aircraft. With Russian assistance the Egyptians established a robust air defense zone near the Suez canal which the Israeli Air Force made a concerted attempt to eliminate during the War of Attrition.
The base system combines fragmentation warhead with proximity, contact and command fusing capability mounted to a two-stage solid rocket fuel booster system. The warhead weighs in at roughly 200 kg pounds and can be fitted with an alternative nuclear-capable warhead if need be. Range is reported to be up to 50 km miles and the missile system can reach upwards of 20 km.
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