6th Infantry Division
The date that the 6th Infantry Division was formed in somewhat unclear as the Army during the Korean War believed that the 6th ID was established either in July 1949 or March 1950 at Sinuiju from 10,000 Chinese Communist Army personnel of Korean descent from the 166th Division who had been "repatriated" in late 1949 together with the former 1st Regiment of the 1st Division. The Korea Institute of Military History indicates that the division was established in October 1949. All sources indicate that the unit was initially comprised of the 13 Infantry Regiment, 14th Infantry Regiment, 15th Infantry Regiment, and the 6th Artillery Regiment.
The 6th Infantry Division took part in the opening moves of the North Korean invasion of South Korea, moving against the ROKA 1st Division on June 25, 1950.
After suffering heavy casualties in the Inchon area, this division met no opposition in its move down the west coast. This unit had sustained heavy casualties in its attempts to take Masan, but its morale and combat effectiveness was still considered good.
After the 6th Division was from the 166th Chinese Communist Division, the artillery units turned in their Japanese and
US equipment and drew a full T/E allowance of Soviet
pieces. The self-propelled gun battalion received its
equipment, and training at Sinuiju in February 1950.
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