Xian Aircraft Company [XAC]
The First Aircraft Institute is China's only national-level institute capable of designing medium-sized to large military and civilian aircraft including fighter bombers, bombers, transport aircraft and special mission aircraft, wepolitics reported. The institute has set many national records, including developingChina's first domestically made fighter bomber the JH-7, the first large early warning aircraft the KJ-2000, and the first large transport aircraft, known as the Y-20.
Xi’an Aircraft Industry (Group) Company Limited under AVIC (hereinafter XAC), the large-sized aviation industry enterprise integrated with scientific research and production, is a base of developing and manufacturing large and medium-sized airplanes in China, and under the leadership of AVIC Aircraft Company Limited. XAC covers a total area of over 3.7 million square meters, has more than 9,000 of various kinds of equipment and instruments, and owns more than 19,000 employees.
From its establishment in 1958, XAC always insists on taking the development and production of military and commercial airplanes as first priority, seeking the scientific and technological progress for development and greatly developing the non-aero products and modern service industry. XAC has become a high-tech industry group integrated with aircraft, automobile, architectural material, electronic product and import and export trade, etc.
Within 50 years, XAC has successively developed and manufactured more than 30 different types of commercial and military aircraft. Military aircraft is mainly composed of Chinese Flying Leopard and B6 series bomber etc, in which aerial tanker and Chinese Flying Leopard respectively gets the State Special Medal of Scientific and Technological Progress. Commercial aircraft is mainly composed of Y7 series and MA60 aircraft. MA60 aircraft is designed, manufactured and flight-test certificated strictly in accordance with CCAR 25 equivalent to international standard, and reaches or gets close to world advanced commuter level of the same type at the aspects of safety, reliability, comfortability, economy and maintainability. XAC is the first company within Chinese aviation industry to step into the international market in 1980, and successively cooperates on aviation products manufacture with world famous aircraft company such as Boeing, Airbus, Air Canada, and Air Italy. XAC’s subcontract production of aircraft structural parts ranks first within aviation industry in China.
According to the related diversified development strategy, XAC has successively invested and established more than 30 enterprises including Xi’an Silver Bus Corporation, Xi’an Aircraft Industry Decoration Corporation, and XAC Import and Export Corporation with the products such as large-sized luxury Silver bus, XIFEI brand aluminum extrusion, metal architectural panel, aluminum doors and windows, and curtain wall, VCM plastic plate, and variable frequency ambiguity controller, etc. XAC involves into many areas within the tertiary industry as import and export trade, hotel service, property management, storage logistic and real estate, etc. XIFEI brand was rewarded as Chinese Famous Brand in 2008.
Since the new century, XAC takes Build New XAC strategy as guidance, takes the build of New Product, New Management, and New Culture, New Image and New Performance as emphasis, pays great effort to build new development platform, gets fast development, makes all operational index sustainable increasing, and receives an annual operational income of over RMB 10 billion.
XAC successively rewarded as National Customers Satisfactory Enterprise, May First Labor Medal, Special Contribution Medal of High-tech Weapon Equipment Development Project, National Keep Contract Respect Credit Enterprise, National Quality Efficiency-oriented Advanced Enterprise, National Mental Build Advanced Unit, National Ideal Political Work Excellent Enterprise, National civilized Unit, etc.
Looking forward, in the light of the strategic deployment of AVIC and AVIC Aircraft Company, XAC will take "Aviation Repay Back Nation, Strengthen Nation, Enrich People" as core theme, promote the AVIC strategic reconstruction and the strategic fulfillment of Two Financing, Three New, Five “-lized”, Trillion Income, continually deepen the reform, strengthen the management, raise the profit, realize the coordinating development and harmonious common win with benefit-related operators, make efforts to build itself a modern aviation enterprise ranking advanced in China and first class in world.
The Xian Aircraft Company (XAC) produced the H-6 (Badger) under a licensing agreement from the Soviet Union, and continues to upgrade this aircraft, along with the Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation (HAMC). Xian Aircraft has been developing the new Hong-7 (or FB-7) supersonic fighter-bomber for the PLA Navy. This program does not include PLA Air Force participation, and there is no indication that the system will have a nuclear mission.
Xian Aircraft builds the Y-7 transport plane, designed to operate on medium-and short-distance feeder lines, with a passenger cabin that accommodates 48-52 seats. Gas turbine engines produced by Pratt & Whitney Canada, a subsidiary of United Technologies Corporation of Hartford, Connecticut, power the Y-7 200A aircraft produced by Xian Aircraft. All domestic Chinese airlines rely on the Yun-7 passenger planes produced by Xi'an Aircraft as the mainstay for intermediate and short flights, as well as branch routes.
Gao Li, 60, the former deputy director of the Xi'an-based First Aircraft Institute under the state-owned Aviation Industry Corp of China (AVIC), was sentenced to jail for six and a half years and fined 500,000 yuan ($75,000) for corruption and bribery. As a part of the JH-7 fighter bomber program and winning awards for related work in 1998, 2006 and 2007, Gao became the institute's deputy director in 2008 and special executive in 2015, the report said, noting that he was arrested in late 2019 for suspected corruption and bribery. According to the verdict, Gao embezzled 392,000 yuan and took bribes worth about 2.68 million yuan, in the form of renminbi, British pounds, and goods and services, from individuals, including from a US company and an Air Force institute, in procurements from 2009 to 2011. The MD-90 was selected in 1992 as the China Trunkliner for domestic trunk and regional airline routes. In 1994, an amended co-production agreement for 40 aircraft was signed by McDonnell Douglas and the China National Aero-Technology Import and Export Corp. The agreement called for the production of 20 MD-90s in Shanghai and the direct sale of 20 of the twin jets from Douglas Aircraft in Long Beach. MD-90s were built in China by a manufacturing team that included factories in Xian, Chengdu and Shenyang for component fabrication and subassembly work, and final assembly by Shanghai Aviation Industrial Corp. (SAIC).
Boeing’s industrial cooperation with China began in 1980, and as of 1998 there were approximately 2000 Boeing airplanes flying worldwide that included major parts built by China. Major assemblies co-produced at Xian Aircraft Company include 737 vertical fins, horizontal stabilizers, forward access doors, and 747 trailing edge ribs. Boeing also contracts with plants in Xian for aluminum and titanium forgings. For the Next-Generation 737, vertical fins come from Xi’an Aircraft International Corp. For the 747-8, Xi’an is building wing parts, including the 747-8’s inboard flaps, the single largest piece of aircraft structure that Boeing purchases from China.
XAC also produces components for Airbus Industrie aircraft. In May 1997 Airbus signed a contract for the manufacturing by Xian Aircraft Company of the rear section of the fuselage for the ATR 72 twin-turboprop 74-passenger aircraft. Xian Aircraft Company has been involved in manufacturing parts for Airbus aircraft as well as maintenance tools.
The A320 Wing Family Cooperation Programme is a key commitment that Airbus has made to China in terms of technological transfer. In 1999, Airbus signed an agreement with AVIC I, pursuant to which Airbus agreed to transfer the manufacturing technologies and assemblies of the wings of A320 Family aircraft to China. The first phase of the program started in the same year. In November 2002, Airbus signed an agreement with AVIC I to start the second phase of the program, which allowed Xi'an Aircraft Corporation (XAC) and Shenyang Aircraft Corporation (SAC) to produce the fixed trailing and leading edges respectively. The first ship set of fixed leading edges was delivered in September 2004, while the first ship set of fixed trailing edges was delivered in March 2005, signalling that the second phase is making progress. With up to 30 engineers sent by Airbus to XAC and SAC, the cooperation programme was set to speed up. The leading and trailing edges and wing box technologies are important components of wing production, and play an essential role in aircraft manufacturing.
After failed negotiations with Boeing and Airbus, a group of six Chinese aerospace companies decided in late 1998 to build a regional passenger jet with either 58 or 76 seats and a range of up to 3,200 kilometers. The six companies are Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing, Xian Aircraft Industry Group, Shanxi Aircraft Co., Shanghai Aviation Industrial Corp., Shanghai Aircraft Research Institute and the Xian Design and Research Institute.
Xian [formerly called Chang'an] is the capital of Shaanxi [Shensi] Province, and a major center for the military-industrial complex, focusing on aircraft and electronics. Major industrial centers in Xi'an include the Electric Town in the west suburbs, the Textile Town in the east suburbs, the Electronic Town in the southwest suburbs, the Aircraft Town in Yanliang District, and the Engineering Industry Area in Hansenzhai.