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Type 701 Integrated Support Ship

In the sequence of China's military, there are not only the Marine Corps but also the Army Navy, the Armys naval battle team. Not only that, but they are also equipped with a number of large-scale vessels, 701-type integrated support vessels, which are very similar in shape and function to the 071 type dock landing ship. The reason why they are called comprehensive support vessels is also because this type of ship can serve as material supply, equipment transportation and marine rescue. The nearest American counterpart is probably the 4,000 ton Logistics Support Vessels [LSVs], the US Army's largest powered watercraft.

The ship has a maximum speed of 20 knots, a wind resistance of 10, and a cruising capacity of 3,000 nautical miles. The ship is 90 meters long, 14.6 meters wide - the largest displacement ship in China's army shipping equipment. With a maximum displacement of 2,700 tons, it is 1/20 the displacement of the Liaoning, which has a full displacement of nearly 60,000 tons. This integrated support vessel is actually a RO-RO ship with a springboard and a through-loading deck at the bow and tail, a helicopter landing deck at the rear, and four 23 or 30mm guns (GY820) for self-defense. The ship's rear deck can be used for helicopters or vertical takeoff and landing drones, but there is no hangar.

The front of the 701 has a loading and unloading ramp and a bulb nose, which is not suitable for landing operations. The nose indicates the ship is not intended to offload directly to beaches, but rather only to prepared docks. In this respect is it similar [but different from] to the Russian "Ivan Gren", the first ship of the Type 11117. The Russian ship was laid down in December 2004. The construction process was stagnant due to project arrears and lack of skilled personnel. It was only re-speeded in 2008. The Russian Navy officially picked up the "Ivan Gren" in 2015. The Russian ship features a bow ramp with an extremely pronounced overhang which enable offloading vehicles directly onto the beach.

From the information revealed so far, it can not only transport tanks and armored vehicles to land on the beach, but also take-off and landing helicopters on the tail deck. There is also a small docking bay at the stern that can carry several speedboats. It can be said that although the sparrow is small and complete, it is the same as the 071 type dock landing ship. However, it has two names, one is called the integrated support ship, and the other is called the Army multi-purpose RO-RO transport ship.

It has large-scale equipment and transportation capacity, and is mainly responsible for material supply, equipment transportation and sea rescue. The helicopter deck at the stern is the first type of army capable of landing and landing helicopters. Compared with the small landing craft that was originally equipped by the Army Boating Force, the Type 701 can be regarded as a huge one, and the offshore navigation capability has also made great progress.

The two 701 models are considered to be the number one ships of the army "Army Sea Battle Team". The status in the service is consistent with the Liaoning and Shandong ships. In addition to this type of ship, the Army "Army Sea Battle Team" consists of boat units distributed along the border rivers, boundary lakes and the Yangtze River in China and its neighboring countries. It is equipped with landing craft, oil tankers, water tankers and equipped with 23mm ships. The small high-speed reconnaissance boat of the gun, and the lake and Xingkai Lake in the Sino-Russian border, even equipped with the effect of wing boats and hovercraft.

The original 701-type integrated support ship of the Army is a landing ship very similar to the naval tank landing ship. There are springboards for the vehicle up and down before and after the hull. The most important thing is that there is a large catching anchor at the stern. This is All necessary for landing ships on the beach. Because whenever the landing ship landed, the high-grip anchor of the tail would be thrown into the water first, and then the ship beached. After all the equipment and personnel have finished landing, it is necessary to start the anchoring machine and use the large bottom of the hook. The gripping force anchored the landing ship to the first half of the hull on the beach and dragged it back into the deep water, so that it can be re-floated.

On October 19, 2015, the 701-type integrated support ship's first ship GY820 was officially delivered to the Sansha Garrison District of Hainan Province. As of 2018, there were two ships of this type in the Army. One is in the northern theater and the other GY820 is in Sansha. The first ship is in service in the northern theater. It is strange that it had not had a number painted on the hull. The second ship is in service in the Sansha garrison area of Hainan Province in the southern theater. The ship number is GY820. The biggest difference between the two ships is the different weapons used. The first ship is four double-barrel 14.5 machine guns, while the second ship is upgraded to four single-tube 30 mm guns.

In mid-2018 another person found a third similar ship (suspected) at the Dalian Shipyard. However, the strange thing is that the last two ships had not been painted with a number. According to the regulations, the Army and Air Force ships are not named, but only have ship numbers, so the latter two Type 701 integrated support ships designations are mysterious.

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Page last modified: 14-10-2019 19:10:21 ZULU