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Type 645 Guangzhou-class - oil tankers (AOT) / water tankers (AWT)

The vast majority of oilers in the Chinese navy are transport oilers that are coastal and relatively short-range oil tankers (AOT) or water tankers (AWT). The Guangzhou-class, built in the 1970s and 1980s, of which six were in service as of 2013 (two of which oilers, the remaining four are water tankers). These are not to be confused with the Type 052B Guangzhou class destroyer (NATO reporting name: Luyang I class), a class of multirole missile destroyers, nor should they be confused with Type 645 oceanographic research ship. The Guangzhou-class oil tankers were not reported in the 2018 ONI Recognition Guide.

Type 645 tanker is naval auxiliary ship in service with the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN). Originally designed as a coastal oiler that is capable of transport both water and oil, around twenty-three entered service, with four as water tankers and sixteen as oilers. This class had begun to be retired from active military service in the mid-2010s. The English language wiki article is about the only source for this class of vessels. When this page was last edited on 29 August 2019, it claimed that six units remained in service. It also reported that seven had been identified as still in active service as mid 2015. The two most recent editions of the US Naval Institute "Combat Fleets of the World" makes no mention of this class, and the 2015 ONI "China PeopleS Liberation Army Navy (PLA(N)) And Maritime Law Enforcement (MLE) 2015 Recognition And Identification Guide" reports that Bei Shui 590, 593; Dong Shui 645 were active, with the AOT variants decommissioned. The 2018 ONI Guide makes no mention of this class. Navypedia reports only 571 and 624 currently in service.

Type 645 series ships in PLAN service are designated by a combination of two Chinese characters followed by three-digit number. The second Chinese character is You, meaning oil in Chinese, or Shui, meaning water, because these ships are classified either as oil and water tankers. The first Chinese character denotes which fleet the ship is service with, with East (Dong) for East Sea Fleet, North (Bei) for North Sea Fleet, and South (Nan, ) for South Sea Fleet. However, the pennant numbers may have changed due to the change of Chinese naval ships naming convention.

This type has received NATO reporting name as Guangzhou class. Guangzhou, once better known internationally as Canton, Wade-Giles romanization Kuang-chou, conventional Canton or Kwangchow, city, capital of Guangdong sheng (province), southern China, has been China's busiest trading centre for centuries. Just across the border from Hong Kong, Guangzhou is China's third biggest city, behind Shanghai and Beijing, and by some counts its wealthiest. Guangzhou is a major economic hub in South China, with internationally renowned restaurants, rich culture scene, and serene natural beauty. Since the 1980s, Guangzhous close proximity to Hong Kong and Shenzhen, plus its ties to overseas, has made it one of the first beneficiaries of China's opening up under former leader Deng Xiaoping.

#Pennant StatusFleet
1Bei-Shui 590North Sea Fleet2015: Active ONI
2018: inactive ONI
2Bei-Shui 593North Sea Fleet2015: Active ONI
2018: inactive ONI
3Bei-You 571North Sea Fleet2015: inactive ONI
2018: inactive ONI
4Dong-Shui 645East Sea Fleet2015: Active ONI
2018: inactive ONI
5Dong-You 624East Sea Fleet2015: inactive ONI
2018: inactive ONI
6Nan-Shui 954South Sea Fleet2015: inactive ONI
2018: inactive ONI

Name:Guangzhou
Namesake:Guangzhou
General characteristics
Displacement:530 long tons (540 t)
Length:49 m (160 ft 9 in)
Beam:7.5 m (24 ft 7 in)
Draft:3 m (9 ft 10 in)
Propulsion:1 marine diesel engine, single shaft
Speed:10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph)
Complement:19
Armament:14.5 mm (0.57 in) machine guns



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Page last modified: 31-10-2019 16:38:40 ZULU