In recent years, the unmanned weaponry has become an important trend in the development of international armaments. The position of drones has become increasingly stable, and ground combat vehicles are in the ascendant. The air and land have been settled, and now it is off the sea. Unmanned combat boats will inevitably be a trend in the future. Russia also stated that it is necessary to start developing unmanned boats.
In August 2019 images were released of the ship with a 30mm gun remote weapon station can also be equipped with rockets or anti-tank missile launchers. Even more amazing is that the top of the cockpit of the boat seems to have four "tile"-like slabs, which are said to be an active phased array radar array derived from fighter airborne radar, equipped with a 20-ton boat four-sided phased array radar is the first in the world. In addition, the middle of the boat is also equipped with a set of four-mounted vertical launch system to launch anti-aircraft missiles. This type of air defense missile is very small and should be deformed from the Doyle M1 air defense missile or the Tianyan 90. It can intercept targets such as anti-ship missiles, guided bombs, rockets and mortars. The basic performance is close to the famous Israel. The "iron shovel" anti-missile system is self-sufficient. It is worth mentioning that the red flag 10 near-defense system standard on China's destroyers and aircraft carriers, its missiles also evolved from Tianyan 90.
At the 2019 Abu Dhabi Defense Exhibition, a small unmanned warship model caught the attention of the US military media. This JARI multi-purpose unmanned combat boat has appeared in several international defense exhibitions in the past two years. The US media believes that the US military is preparing to develop and purchase this type of unmanned warship in recent years, and will use it in the future to deal with the anti-intrusion operations in the South China Sea.
From the model exhibited earlier, JARI-USV also has a photovoltaic system, a navigation radar and a satellite link antenna at the stern. These devices can make the unmanned boat a front-end radar post of the fleet and maintain contact with the fleet behind. Of course, the 20-ton displacement is not enough to accommodate all the functions we mentioned earlier. It uses a modular design. Users can choose anti-air, strike, torpedo anti-submarine and whistle according to their own needs, or buy all models deployed according to their own needs to create an unmanned fleet.
The overall design of JARI-USV is very concise. The JARI unmanned boat can be controlled by the shore station or the mother ship. It adopts a modular design, can be adjusted by task, and has extremely powerful firepower. From the design of the hull, it should be characterized by high-speed performance. The equipment on the ship is very concise overall. The bow has a 30mm automatic gun; the rear is a vertical launch unit; behind it is the bridge. There are optoelectronic equipment and simple antennas for observation on the bridge; there is a large satellite communication antenna at the stern, which is the most basic for the unmanned boat to maintain continuous and effective control, which depends on this communication antenna.
The JARI USV is a 20-ton, 15-meter boat that is about 12 times smaller than the People’s Liberation Army Navy’s manned Type -55 destroyer but has all the same mission areas. Most of the unmanned marine systems still carry out non-combat missions such as intelligence surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR), mine clearance, anti-submarine, and communications. The armed unmanned boats that have been introduced are basically Only equipped with light weapons. This aspect is limited by tonnage, and on the other hand, control technology is not yet perfect.
Representatives of the Chinese state-owned shipbuilding company China Shipbuilding and Offshore International Company (CSOC) announced the technical characteristics of the concept of their newest 20-ton armed unmanned surface vessel (USV). This combat vehicle is on display at the Africa Aerospace and Defense (Aad) 2018 exhibition currently being held in South Africa.
Multi-purpose unmanned combat boat JARI USV Multipurpose Unmanned Combat Boat 'has a 15-meter platform. According to the project, it will be able to reach speeds of up to 42 knots and will have a range of 500 nautical miles. It was equipped with a phased-array radar, satellite communications systems, sonar with adjustable depth in the middle of the body and provided for the possibility of installing a 30-mm cannon in combination with light ground-to-air missiles. In the middle of the case can be placed UVP for anti-ship missiles and missiles. In addition, this boat can also get a pair of light anti-submarine torpedo tubes on the sides of the hull.
The emergence of JARI-USV may mean that China's development concept in the field of unmanned combat boats has reached the forefront of the world. From the 1:10 model shown, the biggest feature of JARI-USV is equipped with missiles (one on each side) "4 heavy-duty units", "heavy weapons" including torpedoes (one single-ton torpedo launcher on each side of the left and right sides), with direct remote-warfare use, which is currently among the unmanned boats that have been publicly displayed in various countries.
JARI-USV does not have too many complicated fire control systems. It should be said that it conforms to the current technical reality. It is obviously impossible for a unmanned boat to independently discover its own operations at the current technical level. It can be used as an anti-ship, anti-submarine, and ground-fired firepower node. It is feasible to quickly go to the target area and hit the target according to the target information prepared in advance or transmitted in real time. JARI-USV should be developed based on this idea.
The JARI-USV is not large enough to sail to the target area independently, but would be transported using amphibious ships such as dock landing ships. In addition to the difficulty of autonomous driving and control, the lack of uniform industry standards for offshore navigation is also a major reason for restricting development, and direct ocean-going operations may also avoid some troubles.
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