JJ / J-YY - Next Generation Fighter
China is developing a new type of fighter jet, according to the country's top aircraft design institutes. In 2018, the structure department of the Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC) Shenyang Aircraft Design and Research Institute and the arms project department of the AVIC Manufacturing Technology Institute jointly established a team codenamed "JJ" with the aim of developing a new type of fighter jet. the term "jian ji ji" means fighter plane. The JJ nomenclature may reference the term "jiji" [not the same characters is in the term fighter plane], which in Mandarin means active, energetic, or vigorous.
The JJ team might include a smaller group focused on the development of an S-shaped air duct. An S-shaped air duct are usually found in stealth aircraft as they obscure the engine from hostile radar. Some military observers speculated that the new fighter jet could be an upgraded, domestic version of the FC-31, while others predicted it could be an entirely different aircraft.
The US Air Force has begun early prototype development for new fighters to be launched in the 2030s and 2040s, 6th generation in Americna nomenclature, 5th generation according to Chinese. Technologies unmanned fighters, hypersonics Attack aircraft, artificial intelligence, lasers, electronic warfare, and sensors integrated into the fuselage of the aircraft have all become the current technological exploration areas. the US Air Force's "Penetrating Air Platform / Next Generation Air Superiority" program also focuses on information exchange as a decisive factor in future wars. This kind of thinking is not only considering individual systems and weapons themselves, but instead envisaging extensive "networked" operations, that is, the combat platform as a "node" of a larger combat system. This larger combat system is coordinated by real-time operations.
Russian officials confirmed that the development of thThe work of the 6th generation aircraft is already underway. The main difference is that the basic 6th-generation aircraft is expected to be a drone. Manual driving is an alternative. Other features are upgrades to existing models: faster, more flexible, more covert, and so on.
By 2016 countries around the world had begun to enter the wave of research on the sixth generation fighters. Russian analysts divine five generations of post-World War II fighter aircraft. Fifth generation fighters use advanced integrated avionics systems to provide the pilot with a complete battlespace awareness, and use of low observable "stealth" technology. The F-22 and F-35 were the first fifth generation fighters, with Russia following with the Mikoyan Gurevich MFI prototype and the Sukhoi PAK-FA, and China with the J-20. The Chinese have their own particular order of ranking, with Chinese characteristics. The Chinese call the Russian's 5th generation fighter a 4th generation machine, there being no Chinese counterpart to the First generation fighter aircraft in the rest of the world, the first military aircraft using jet engines.
In early 2018, a mysterious Chinese fighter photo appeared on the US Defense News. From the photos, the fighter looks very sci-fi, and the tail design is the same as the active J-20 fighter. The overall aerodynamic design of this type of aircraft is significantly different from all the fighters currently in service in China. Therefore, some experts say that this mysterious fighter may be the next generation of testing machine that China will soon unveil.
It is reported that Yang Wei, the chief designer of the Chinese J20, once said that the sixth-generation fighter will be an important revolutionary breakthrough in the history of the world's air force, and the artificial intelligence and hypersonic technology will be brought to the extreme in the future.
At the same time, the six-generation fighters will break through the limitations of traditional engines and switch to variable-cycle engines. As early as 2012, the vice president of AVIC has clearly stated that China has established a project for variable-cycle engines, so China's variable-cycle engine It may be in the development stage now.
It is understood that the working principle of the variable cycle engine is to adjust the engine cycle mode to adjust the engine thermal cycle parameters so that the engine can always maintain the best state during the working process, and the variable cycle engine can also make the aircraft have subsonic speed and super Three flight efficiencies of sonic and hypersonic.
In addition, China's future six-generation fighters will also be equipped with a new domestic integrated avionics system, which will enable the aircraft to have excellent operational effectiveness in future air combat.
At the same time, in the allocation of radar systems, China's six-generation aircraft will be equipped with an airborne terahertz radar system in the future, and this radar can emit strong terahertz radiation in air combat, which can instantly penetrate warplanes and other composite armor. The metal material interferes with the signal inside the fighter, and the terahertz radar also has strong anti-invisibility ability, which can react to the composite metal under the coating of the fighter. Therefore, the so-called invisibility of the fighter is not broken.
Today, the development of China's six-generation aircraft is basically at the same level as the United States and Russia, so the difficulty of the arms race can be imagined. At the same time, China's aviation industry technology is slightly inferior to the United States and Russia, so it is very likely that China will not be able to follow the path of developing the sixth-generation aircraft. However, once China's sixth-generation aircraft is in service in the future, the Chinese Air Force will have the ability to resist intervention / regional opposition in future wars, which is of epoch-making significance for China.
In the future, the sixth-generation machines will crush the power of the fifth-generation machines.
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