Beijing No. 1
Beijing No. 1 is a light transport aircraft designed and trial-produced by the Beijing Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (now Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics), and it is also the first aircraft manufactured by the school during the Great Leap Forward. The aircraft was brewed between June and July 1957. In February 1958, the trial production was approved by Premier Zhou Enlai. It was made on September 20, 1958. It was first tested on September 23 at Capital Airport.
In the early morning of September 24, 1958, at the Capital Airport on the eastern outskirts of Beijing, a well-equipped light passenger aircraft stood on the runway, and two AN-14P engines on both sides of the fuselage were rumbling.
At 9:20, named by the mayor of Beijing, more than a thousand teachers and students of the Beijing Institute of Aeronautics (now Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics) fought hard for 100 days and nights to successfully manufacture the "Beijing No. 1"-the first light passenger aircraft in New China The naming ceremony officially began. Lin Feng, Director of the Second Office of the State Council, Yang Xiufeng, Minister of Education, Liu Yalou , Air Force Commander , Yang Shu, Propaganda Department of the Beijing Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China, and more than 3,000 teachers and students from more than 10 universities in Beijing participated in the test flight ceremony.
At 10:00, when the "Beijing One" passed the rostrum at a speed of 300 kilometers per hour and an ultra-low altitude of 10 meters, the crowd boiled and the airport boiled. Liu Yalou said at the ceremony: "Beijing No. 1's successful trial production within 100 days is not only a pioneering activity in New China, but also a precedent for breaking the history of aviation development in the world." The manufacture of aircraft by aviation schools is "new under the leadership of the Party A miracle in China."
Two years before this, the Party Central Committee issued a call to march toward science. "We want to allow graduated students to design a real and complete aircraft", Professor Xu Xinfu first invited on behalf of the aircraft structure and design teaching and research department, and the aircraft technology teaching and research department actively responded...
At Zhongnanhai in February 1958, Premier Zhou Enlai listened carefully to Wang Dachang and Shen Yuan, deputy deans of Beijing Institute of Aeronautics, about Beihang’s idea of ??combining teaching with scientific research, design, and production to design and manufacture an aircraft, and immediately expressed support. , Allocate 150,000 yuan for the development of "Beijing No. 1".
Designing and manufacturing aircraft is a complex and huge system project. For the Beijing Aeronautical Academy, which is only five years old and lacks prototypes, design materials and special equipment, it is difficult. Teachers and students are facing difficulties, and teachers and students usually work hard all night long to propose a more reasonable and better design plan.
In just 3 months, from the manufacture of each part, to the assembly of the entire aircraft, from the manufacture of various special equipment, to the improvement of the processing technology, in order to ensure that the products are delivered on schedule, the teachers and students and workers who participate in the development want more When you are working, you must move your luggage to the workshop even when you are resting and sleeping. You fight at work regardless of day or night.
The aircraft is a product of the Great Leap Forward era in the archives of retired aircraft of Civil Aviation of China. This is the design and production of more than 1,000 teachers and students of the Beijing Institute of Aeronautics (abbreviated as Beihang, now Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics), 100 days and nights. Beijing Mayor Comrade Peng Zhen named the "Beijing 1" aircraft. On October 25, 1952, Beihang was established by the aviation departments of 8 universities including Tsinghua University and Tianjin University. It was the first aeronautical engineering university in New China and was hailed as "the cradle of Chinese aerospace engineers."
It has made important contributions to the development of my country's aerospace industry. The first light passenger plane in China, developed by Beijing, is the "Beijing No. 1" aircraft, which is an all-metal lower single-wing front three-point twin engine (installing two "Ash" 14P 191 kW piston engines) 10 seats (including two drivers Crew) Small regional airliner, captain 12.4 meters, wingspan 16.4 meters, take-off weight 3000 kg, maximum level flight speed 312 km/h. In February 1958, Premier Zhou Enlai heard Shen Yuan, Vice President of Beihang University, Zhongnanhai (China Academician of the Academy of Sciences, aerodynamicist, aviation educator).
After the report on the combination of teaching and scientific research, production and practice in the graduation design of the 1958 students, teachers and students were very happy to design and manufacture a practical aircraft by themselves. Instructed the relevant ministries and commissions of the State Council to allocate a special fund to show the affirmation and expectation of the Beihang teachers and students to build aircraft. In early June, Beihang established the Aircraft Trial Manufacturing Committee with Shen Yuan as its chairman. It has 13 design teams, 3 production preparation workshops, and 5 production workshops.
More than 1,000 teachers and students and technical workers from related professions participated in the design and manufacturing work. Because "Beijing No. 1" is basically hand-made, many places do not meet the safety standards required by civil aviation passenger aircraft. After the first Lushan Conference, the "Great Leap Forward" quickly cooled down, and "Beijing No. 1" failed to enter production.