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El Salvador - Foreign Relations

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of El Salvador, is created by Legislative Decree No 13 given in the city of Cojutepeque on 27 February 1858. It was not until the administration of Captain General Gerardo Barrios 1860 - 1865, which is well defined the role of the Salvadoran State, - the Council of Ministers is created; external relations open strongly to the United States and Europe, there is a flow of experts in science, education, geography and commerce coming to El Salvador.

The Diplomatic History of El Salvador, has historical contributions worth mentioning: the 1916 Melendez Doctrine driven by Chancellor Francisco Martinez Suarez and Dr. Reyes Arrieta Rossi, structured a strong demand to Nicaragua before the Central American Court of Justice. Under Brian Chamorro Treaty of 1914, El Salvador ceded territory to the United States to establish military bases at the Gulf of Fonseca. Moreover, the aforementioned Chancellor Martnez Surez established ??the Doctrine of Benevolent Neutrality, a legal concept aimed at avoiding the direct involvement of the country in the Great War, to avoid losing European markets to national coffee exports.

The profound vision of the Salvadoran internationalists exposed the weakness of the international system, the fragility of the balance of power between the powers, and the reasons for the outbreak of the Second World War. This was but part of the legal and political analysis and conclusions on the recurrence of the behavior of States and the desire for revenge between winners and losers, where the primacy of force overtook sanity and international law.

Serious flaws in international politics occurred in Salvadoran diplomatic history, which from 1931 to 1944 of Maximiliano Hernandez Martinez. THis includedthe recognition of the puppet state of Manchukuo in 1934, sympathy opened by the government of Francisco Franco, his inclinations to the ideas Mussolini and acquisition of Italian weapons. Its peculiar pendular position on foreign policy between Germanophile inclinations, the German discipline: the degree of appointing a German military commander of the Military School Salvadoran. This was given up after a "forced twist" ["giro obligado"] imposed by the government of the United States for backing allies in the war against Germany, exposing the reality of Salvadoran diplomacy.

El Salvador maintained normal bilateral diplomatic relations with the countries of Central America in the 1980s, despite the strains of regional unrest, uncertainty over the intentions of the Sandinistas, and lingering disputes with Honduras. Relations with Guatemala, governed by an ideologically compatible Christian democratic government, and with Costa Rica were stable. Differences with Nicaragua were rooted in basic ideological conflict, however, and appeared likely to persist. Although neighboring Honduras was experiencing a democratic transition not unlike that taking place in El Salvador, several points of contention prevented the full establishment of close and cooperative ties. The most intangible of these frictions was lingering ill will, especially between the two countries' respective military establishments, over the 1969 "Soccer War".

El Salvador is a member of the United Nations and several of its specialized agencies, the Organization of American States (OAS), the Central American Common Market (CACM), the Central American Parliament, and the Central American Integration System (SICA). It actively participates in the Central American Security Commission (CASC), which seeks to promote regional arms control. From 2002-2003, El Salvador was chair of the OAS anti-terrorism coordinating body, CICTE. El Salvador also is a member of the World Trade Organization and is pursuing regional free trade agreements. An active participant in the Summit of the Americas process, El Salvador has chaired a working group on market access under the Free Trade Area of the Americas initiative. El Salvador has joined its six Central American neighbors in signing the Alliance for Sustainable Development, known as the Conjunta Centroamerica-USA or CONCAUSA to promote sustainable economic development in the region.

El Salvador enjoys normal diplomatic and trade relations with all of its neighboring countries including Honduras, with which it has previously had territorial disputes. While the two nations continue to disagree over the status of their maritime borders in the Gulf of Fonseca, they have agreed to settle their land-border disputes with the International Court of Justice (ICJ). In September 1992, the Court awarded most of the territory in question to Honduras. In January 1998, Honduras and El Salvador signed a border demarcation treaty to implement the terms of the ICJ decree although delays continue due to technical difficulties.

Trade policy of El Salvador is geared towards promoting export promotion through the negotiation of Free Trade Agreements (FTA), it has FTAs ??in force with Central America, Chile, Mexico, Dominican Republic, Panama, United States, Taiwan and Colombia; and an AAP (Partial Agreement) with Cuba, has also ratified the Agreement European Union Association - Central America, which the trade pillar came into force on 1 October 2013. They are currently negotiating FTAs or AAP with Canada, Peru and Belize, as well in the short term is evaluated open negotiations with Ecuador, Caribbean, Mercosur, Korea, Japan and Trinidad and Tobago.

The Association Agreement between Central America and the European Union is an important step that will consolidate the benefits granted through the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP +) through a stable and predictable legal framework. The commercial component of this treaty took effect from 1 August 2013 for the 28 countries of the European Union and Nicaragua, Honduras and Panama. On 1 October the same year joined Costa Rica and El Salvador, and December 1 entered into force for Guatemala. For the moment, which comes into effect and "provisional" form is the trade pillar of the Association Agreement. The other two pillars, political dialogue and cooperation, will enter into force when the national parliaments of the 28 EU member states have ratified the agreement.





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