Guatemala - Military Rank Insignia
The most commonly seen uniforms in Guatemala in the 1970s and 1980s were the army camouflage field uniforms. Even the three-man junta (generals Ribs Montt and Maldonado Schaad and Colonel Gordillo) appeared in official photographs in camouflage uniforms in stark contrast to the splendor of the dress blues worn by former generals-turned-presidents. In addition to field uniforms, the three services used a variety of uniforms for routine duties, shipboard duties, and parades. Colors are the familiar army green, navy blue, air force blue, and khaki.
Officer ranks corresponded closely to United States ranks except that the Guatemalans had two grades equivalent to the United States army and air force captain and the navy full lieutenant. In addition, they had only two general officer (admiral) grades. For several years colonel was the highest rank attainable. After the expulsions of Ubico and Ponce in 1944, all Guatemalan generals (about 80) went into exile, and promotions to general officer ceased until 1968.
Naval officers wore rank insignia on the lower sleeve of coats or on collars when shirts were worn as outer garments. Army and air force officers wore collar insignia or shoulder boards depending on uniform. Insignia of rank were the same, but shoulder board colors were light gray for the army and light blue for the air force. Generals wore red shoulder boards
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