Guyana - Geography
Guyana is located in the northeast corner of South America, latitude 1-9 ° and 57-61 ° West, north of the Atlantic Ocean, east of Suriname, west of Venezuela, southbound Brazil. An area of 216,000 square kilometers (including the official figures, including now under the jurisdiction of Kyrgyzstan, with Venezuela controversial 159,000 square kilometers of the Ethiopian region and with the Suriname disputed Cologne River upstream of about 17,000 square kilometers River delta region). Land border length of 2462 km, 720 km long from north to south, the coastline of 482 km long.
Guyana territory has coastal plains, sandy hills, plateaus and grassland, in four natural areas.
- Coastal plains are located on the verge of the Atlantic Ocean, with a width of 16-64 km (average width of 25 km). They are low-lying wetlands, some are below sea level, and 16 major rivers are present in the sea, accounting for 5% of the total area.
- Sandy hills and hills (also known as sand and clay) width of 150-250 km, accounting for 25% of the total area, not farming, hidden in the possession of the population, the most important administrative, commercial, agricultural and industrial areas; Rich in bauxite and forest resources, concentrated in the mineral and timber mining centers, the distribution of Indian settlements;
- the plateau area are forest-covered mountains, stretches the four mountains - the southern mountains of Acarai, Imataka in the northwest, Kanuka in the southwest and Pakaraima in the southwest, of which Roraima is 2810 meters above sea level and is the highest peak in Kyrgyzstan.
- Rupununi area is located in the southwest, an area of 11655 square kilometers, accounting for 5.5% of the total area, is the animal husbandry and animal husbandry, animal husbandry and the like, which is rich in gold and diamonds and other mineral resources. The main area of the industry, the end of April - the end of September for the rainy season, the rest of the dry season.
Guyana has a long, proud history of forest conservation, with indigenous peoples as the original stewards and conservators over their 7000-year-long legacy of wise use and accumulated traditional knowledge. Kaieteur National Park (est. 1929) was the first protected area in Amazonia. Sixty years later, in 1989, Guyana made a bold offer to the international community to share the responsibility to manage the pristine million-acre Iwokrama Rainforest “in a manner that will lead to lasting ecological, economic and social benefits to the people of Guyana and to the world in general”. Throughout history, successive governments have contributed to national forest policy and the sustainable management of our state forests. In spite of some challenges, the Guyana Forestry Commission (GFC) and its predecessor, the Guyana Forestry Department, have been recognized for their professional management of the nation?s 13.6 million hectare commercial forest patrimony.
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