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Namibia - US Relations

US-Namibian relations are characterized by shared democratic values and the active role the United States played in helping Namibia reach independence. Namibian independence had been a major US foreign policy goal for more than 10 years. In keeping with its support of UN resolutions and International Court of Justice advisory opinions regarding Namibia, the US government believed that the South African government should end its administration of Namibia. The United States advocated a resolution of the Namibian problem by peaceful means and supported practical efforts to enable the people of Namibia to exercise their right to self-determination and independence on the basis of UN Security Council Resolution 435.

In the ensuing years, the United States played the principal role in negotiations to achieve Namibian independence, a process that enjoyed virtually unanimous international support. In 1988, US diplomats mediated a set of interlocking agreements that allowed implementation of Resolution 435. Those agreements constituted a "peace without losers," in which all parties achieved their security objectives in southwestern Africa. The United States contributed over $100 million toward UNTAG.

From May 1970 until Namibia's independence, the U.S. government discouraged American investment in Namibia. It announced that investment rights acquired through the South African government following termination of the mandate of 1966 would not be protected against the claims of a future, lawful government in the territory. In 1986, Comprehensive Anti Apartheid Act sanctions were applied against Namibia because it was a territory administered by South Africa. All sanctions were lifted when Namibia reached independence.

US-Namibian relations are good and continue to improve. Characterized by shared democratic values, commitment to rule of law, and respect for human rights, the bilateral relationship has been strengthened through trade ties and US-Namibian partnerships. Namibia is a focus country under the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), and on September 3, 2010 the United States and Namibia signed a PEPFAR Partnership Framework. Since 2004, PEPFAR assistance to Namibia has exceeded $300 million. A $304 million Millennium Challenge Account Compact entered into force on September 16, 2009. On average, there are 128 Peace Corps Volunteers in country. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Defense, and Treasury Department also are represented in Windhoek.





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Page last modified: 09-09-2016 20:05:24 ZULU