Guinea-Bissau - China Relations
China is one of the most active bilateral donors. It built the National Assembly, military staff and officer housing and has promised to build a government palace and a major hydro-electric dam with imported prison labor. China's influence has grown significantly since 2006 as these projects materialized. President Vieira visited Beijing in 2007 and China's Foreign Minister visited Bissau later the same year. In Guinea-Bissau, as other places, China does not require good governance or adherence to human rights norms as a condition of its assistance. Beijing only seeks access to the rich fishing waters, which it and others have heavily overfished, and Guinea-Bissau's support on its Taiwan policy.
The People's Republic of China and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau established diplomatic relations on 15 March 1974. On 15 March 1974, the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau signed the Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau.
On 26 May 1990, Guinea-Bissau announced the establishment of diplomatic relations with Taiwan and, on 31 May of the same year, China pronounced the cessation of diplomatic relations with Guinea-Bissau. On 23 April 1998, China and Guinea-Bissau re-established diplomatic relations. On 23 April 1998, the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau signed the Joint Communiqué on the Restoration of Diplomatic Relations between the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau.
During the period of establishing diplomatic relations between China and Guinea-Bissau, China helped Guinea-Bissau to build the National Stadium, Hospital, the Cereal Technology Extension Station. In April 1998, following the resumption of diplomatic relations between China and Guinea-Bissau, many projects in Guinea-Bissau were completed by China, such as the Canchungo Hospital, the National People's Assembly Building, Fighters, the Government Palace, the Sino-Guinean Friendship School, the Sino-Guinean Friendship Hospital, the rehabilitation of the National Stadium, the rehabilitation of the Palace of the Republic, etc.
In 2011, bilateral trade was approximately US $ 17 million, with Chinese exports amounting to US $ 13 million, and Chinese imports amounting to US $ 4 million. China mainly exports cereals, mechanical and electrical products, textiles, etc., Imports are cashew nuts.
As of 1977, China has received Guinean students with scholarship from the Chinese Government. To date, China has received a total of 136 Guinean students with scholarship. At the moment, 52 Guinean students with scholarships are studying in China.
The People's Republic of China and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau signed a Protocol on the Transmission by China of the Medical Team for Guinea-Bissau. Since 1976, China has begun sending medical teams to Guinea-Bissau, so far China has already sent 14 medical teams, with a total of 195 people. Currently, 17 Chinese doctors are working respectively at the Sino-Guinean Friendship Hospital and Canchungo Hospital.
The military officers who visited China: Mr. Ansumane Mané, Chief of the Military Junta (October 1999), General Veríssimo Correia Seabra, Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces (November 2001), Mr. Daniel Gomes, Minister Of National Defense (September 2004), General Batista Tagme Na Waie, Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces (May 2006). In March 2007, a delegation headed by General Ding Jingong, deputy director of the Foreign Ministry of the Ministry of Defense of China, visited Guinea-Bissau.
The People's Republic of China offered military equipment to the Revolutionary Armed Forces of the People (FARP) of Guinea-Bissau. The batch of materials offered 04 January 2017 included means of transport and office equipment estimated at more than two million Euros (20 million Yuans, Chinese currency). Equipment delivered by the Chinese Ambassador to Guinea-Bissau Wang Hua to the Guinean government through national defense minister Eduardo Costa Sanhá, included the following materials: ten (10) buses capable of carrying about thirty-five (35) People each and ten (10) vehicles [Jeep]. Fifteen containers installed in the backyard of the former Headquarters (HQ), the Army's current Staff included various materials to equip FARP offices, for example: 200 desktop computers and 120 portable computers, among other materials. After the ceremony of delivery of materials, National Defense Minister Eduardo Costa Sanhá said in his speech that the materials received here are the result of the protocol of agreement on the free supply of military materials to Guinea-Bissau by China.
The diplomat recalled that the ties between the two countries come from the 1960s, when in the Chinese capital Amilcar Lopes Cabral signed with the Chinese government an important agreement to obtain military support. "The elements of the armed forces of China and Guinea-Bissau come from the peasant families, so despite their military uniform, they do not deprive them of the status of being an inseparable part of the people or of our social community, Military class is an important element of participation in our societies, a fact that unites us even more in this fight against hunger," said Wang Hua.
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