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Africa Population

Country Population
2025 2050
TOTAL971,423,000 1,223,608,000 1,984,438,430
1Nigeria185,043,000 230,000,000 391,000,000
2Ethiopia90,076,000 131,000,000 228,000,000
3D.R. Congo71,246,000 99,000,000 145,000,000
4South Africa *54,844,000 48,700,000 49,000,000
5Tanzania48,829,000 66,900,000 118,000,000
6Kenya44,153,000 53,200,000 70,700,000
7Sudan38,435,000 42,700,000 59,000,000
8Uganda35,760,000 50,700,000 93,000,000
9Ghana26,328,000 32,000,000 52,000,000
10Mozambique25,728,000 32,000,000 59,000,000
11Ivory Coast23,326,000 27,600,000 37,000,000
12Madagascar23,053,000 30,200,000 45,800,000
13Cameroon21,918,000 30,500,000 52,000,000
14Angola19,626,000 25,700,000 45,900,000
15Niger18,880,000 24,000,000 44,000,000
16Burkina Faso18,450,000 25,400,000 47,000,000
17Mali17,796,000 22,500,000 38,000,000
18Malawi16,307,000 22,900,000 37,000,000
19Zambia15,474,000 20,100,000 39,000,000
20Senegal14,150,000 17,500,000 27,000,000
21Chad13,675,000 13,900,000 20,500,000
22Zimbabwe13,503,000 17,400,000 25,000,000
23South Sudan12,519,000 16,600,000 27,000,000
24Rwanda11,324,000 16,000,000 27,500,000
25Somalia10,972,000 13,300,000 22,000,000
26Guinea10,935,000 15,000,000 26,000,000
27Benin10,500,000 13,600,000 22,000,000
28Burundi9,824,000 14,800,000 30,000,000
29Togo7,065,000 9,700,000 16,500,000
30Eritrea6,895,000 7,900,000 11,000,000
31Sierra Leone6,513,000 7,500,000 13,500,000
32C.A.R.5,545,000 6,600,000 10,300,000
33R. Congo4,706,000 5,900,000 10,000,000
34Liberia4,046,000 5,200,000 8,200,000
35Mauritania3,632,000 4,400,000 6,500,000
36Namibia2,281,000 2,300,000 2,100,000
37Botswana2,176,000 2,400,000 2,800,000
38Gambia, The2,022,000 2,400,000 3,200,000
39Lesotho1,908,000 1,900,000 1,900,000
40Guinea-Bissau1,788,000 2,000,000 2,900,000
41Gabon1,672,597 2,100,000 3,200,000
42Mauritius1,263,000 1,400,000 1,400,000
43Swaziland1,119,000 1,600,000 1,800,000
44Djibouti961,000 1,000,000 1,400,000
45Comoros783,000 900,000 1,100,000
46Equatorial Guinea722,254 935,000 1,400,000
47Cape Verde525,000 620,000 740,000
48So Tom & Prncipe194,000 225,000 300,000
49Seychelles97,000 98,000 100,000
* CIA estimated the population at 48,375,645 as of July 2014. Statistics South Africa (the national statistical agency of South Africa) estimated the country's mid-year 2013 total population to be 52,981,991, which takes into account the findings of South Africa's 2011 census.
US Census Bureau International Data Base

There is a growing recognition that the present demographic patterns in sub-Saharan Africa do not augur well for the achievement of sustainable development. Ghana is characterized by a youthful population, rapid population growth, uneven population distribution, high fertility, and rural-urban migration which has brought human numbers into collision with resources to sustain them.

The CIA report Long-Term Global Demographic Trends: Reshaping the Geopolitical Landscape (July 2001) stated that "Sub-Saharan Africa will have the worst youth bulges through 2020. ... The failure to adequately integrate large youth populations in the Middle East and Sub-Saharan Africa is likely to perpetuate the cycle of political instability, ethnic wars, revolutions, and antiregime activities that already affect many of these countries. .. Large youth populations may challenge some governments long-held political and foreign policy agendas, possibly leading to shifts in the relationship of some countries with the United States."

In the coming decades, Africa will see a massive baby boom -- so massive, that by the year 2050, four out of 10 people on this planet will be African. Between now and 2050, UNICEF predicts that some 1.8 billion new Africans will be born. Africa is already home to one of the worlds youngest populations -- the African Union says about two-thirds of the continent's 1.1 billion people are younger than 35. Within the next few decades, an unprecedented number of youngsters will reach reproductive age.

By 2050 Africa is projected to be the second most populous continent in the world. One of the most popular explanations for the many problems that face Africa is population growth. Africa's population doubled from 1960 to 2000. Africa has the highest fertility rate in the world and the rate of population growth is higher than in any other region. At the same time, Africa faces great social and economic challenges.

With an annual rate of growth of 2.2 per cent, its population increased from 906 million in 2005 to 1.1 billion in 2010. Twenty years of an almost 3 per cent annual population growth has outpaced economic gains, leaving Africans, on average, 22 per cent poorer than they were in the mid-1970s. developmentExtreme poverty declined in Sub-Saharan Africa from 58 percent in 1990 to 50 percent in 2005. Nevertheless, poverty remains the highest among all regions, and the region experienced the largest increase in the number of people living on less than $1.25 a day, from nearly 300 million in 1990 to 388 million in 2005.

Countries with the greatest demographic opportunity for development are those entering a period in which the working-age population has good health, quality education, decent employment and a lower proportion of young dependents. Smaller numbers of children per household generally lead to larger investments per child, more freedom for women to enter the formal workforce and more household savings for old age. When this happens, the national economic payoff can be substantial. This is a "demographic dividend."

During the demographic transition, the age structure of the population changes toward one that is older. The age structure of deaths also changes, with the greater proportions of deaths at the oldest ages; this shift in the structure of deaths is a consequence of the greater share of population that has reached the older ages, and the low probabilities of dying in all but the oldest age groups. In general, countries exhibit similar demographic structures at the beginnings and the ends of their demographic transitions, although the movement from here to there is neither smooth nor uniform.

During the period 1950-1955, the earliest data for which the United Nations provides demographic estimates on a regular basis, population growth rates ranged from 2.7 percent per year in Latin America to 2.2 percent in Africa and 1.9 percent in Asia. The high Latin American population growth rate is primarily explained by the region's earlier start of mortality reduction.

According to UN estimates, the number of people in the continent is expected to double by 2050 making it increasingly difficult to provide jobs for future generations. But there are also positive trends. More and more women are using modern contraceptives. According to the Family Planning 2020 (FP2020) report, the number had increased by 66% since 2012 from 40 million to more than 66 million women and girls. When governments, UN agencies and private foundations launched the initiative eight years ago, they set an ambitious goal: to get 120 million more people in the world's 69 lowest-income countries to use modern contraceptives by 2020. The actual, number by 2020 stood at about 60 million more. In Central and West Africa, the number of female users has doubled, according to FP2020. In eastern and southern Africa, it has increased by as much as 70%.

"The desire to have children is changing in most countries with good access to family planning," Catherina Hinz, executive director of the Berlin Institute for Population and Development, told DW. Her Africa's Demographic Leaders study confirmed this trend, Hinz said. "The more educated the girls are," she added, "the smaller the families."

Hinz said strategies must always run in parallel. More income is vital so that people no longer have to rely on children to provide for them in old age. Political will is also essential to usher in the necessary change in values. "In the cities of many countries, this change has already begun." In rural areas, however, the issue is even more critical.

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Page last modified: 22-02-2021 18:54:14 ZULU