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Afghan National Army - Modernization

Building a sustainable combat capacity in the ANA depends on the acquisition and fielding of equipment that allows ANA soldiers to shoot, move, and communicate. NTM-As capacity-building efforts, through the acquisition and fielding of equipment, continue to improve ANA capabilities. The dynamics of the Afghan COIN campaign and terrain necessitate sustainable and reliable vehicles. As a result, vehicles issued to the ANA have similar standards as those issued to U.S. forces. Individual weapons are primarily standard U.S. weapons, while crew-served weapons are a combination of former Warsaw Pact weapons and standard U.S. weapons.

ANA equipment fielding continued in 2012. However, beginning with ANA units fielded during March 2012, there was increasing shortages of equipment, particularly vehicles, of which over 4,000 were stranded in Pakistan due to the closure of the Pakistani ground lines of communication (GLOCs). The closure of the GLOCs had a more limited effect on communications equipment and weapons, the delivery of which continued via air lines of communication (ALOCs). Fielding priorities were expected to be met once Pakistani GLOCs are restored. Fielding new equipment to units training at the Consolidated Fielding Center remained the focus throughout 2012. As additional equipment becomes available, NTM-A will continue to backfill corps units to 100 percent of tashkil authorizations.

The ANA faces difficulty in sustaining its fleet of nearly 48,000 vehicles, primarily due to an immature supply chain process for Class IX31 parts, poor maintenance management, inadequate supervisory skills, the lack of advanced repair capability, and limited transportation distribution systems. To help address these sustainment deficiencies, CSTC-A is working with the ANA to adjust their overall fleet size to a more manageable level. RS (Resolute Support) is beginning the process of swapping Light Tactical Vehicles and Ford Ranger pickup trucks, which lack armor for ANA combat operations, at a ratio of four to one with High-Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV). In addition, CSTC-A is removing older, less capable HMMWVs variants from the ANAs fleet.

Due to ANA maintenance personnel shortages, by 2015 contract maintenance support was critical to sustaining the ANA. A majority of tashkil-authorized maintenance slots remained unfilled below the corps level and mechanics were often sent to fill infantry shortfalls. Although the National Maintenance Strategy will address many logistics and maintenance shortfalls, it will not be fully implemented until 2017. In the interim, the MoD initiated a maintenance contract in October 2015 as a bridging solution to provide more maintenance personnel and increase operational readiness rates. Once the National Maintenance Strategy is implemented, a majority of these primarily Afghan contractors will transition into MoD maintenance positions. The extension of the US presence at current levels through most of 2016 will also ease the transition into full implementation of the National Maintenance Strategy.

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Page last modified: 24-12-2015 19:10:35 ZULU