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MQM-39 Cardinal (1001)
MQM-61A Cardinal (1025)

Beechcraft, later part of Raytheon, designed the "Model 1001", as the initial version of this target drone was designated, in 1955 in response to a US Navy requirement for gunnery and air-to-air combat training. Production of the type began in 1959, with the drone being given the Navy designation of "KDB-1 (later MQM-39A)". The Model 1001 led to the similar "Model 1025" for the US Army, which gave it the MQM-61A designation.

The MQM-61 Cardinal was a target drone designed and built by Beechcraft. This drone that built on the Radioplane OQ 2 and was designed for soldiers to practice air to air combat training. It carried targets and soldiers had to shoot the targets while flying in their own aircraft. It can tow banners or targets of its own, with two targets under each wing, and also carries scoring devices.

The work related to the design of the Beechcraft MQM-61 Cardinal unmanned aircraft began in the early 1950s. At that same time, to create a drone took three years, but, ultimately, this device proved quite promising. The drone was actively used for many years, and there has not yet appeared more effective devices of this type.

The first tests of drone Beechcraft MQM-61 Cardinal were made in 1955, however, the device needed technical improvements, in connection with which the first deliveries of the UAVs in the US armed forces began only in 1959. Only 2,200 of these drones were ever built.

The MQM-61A was a relatively slow, propeller-powered target developed for the Navy in the 1950's by Beech Aircraft Corporation, Wichita, Kansas. Also known as the 1025, it is a high-wing monoplane with a V-tail and is controlled remotely by radio. The vehicle has a McCulloch J six-cylinder, two-cycle, super-charged, internal combustion engine which develops 120 BHP at 4100 rpm at sea level, to drive an all-natal, two-blade, variable-pitch, constant speed propeller.

A regression analysis of the lot and cost data adjusted to FY 77 constant dollars utilizing the curvilinear equation form y = AxO, yields a theoretical first unit production cost of $42,571 and a total cost production slope of 89.2 percent. Utilizing this information, the average unit production cost for the first 700 production units is calculated as $16,869.

UAV Beechcraft MQM-61 Cardinal has a fairly large dimensions, in particular, for its length is 4.60 meters, the drone has a wingspan of 3.95 meters, which to some extent makes it difficult to operate this device. For these reasons, the launch of the Beechcraft MQM-61 Cardinal may be carried out only with a special ramp, while a parachute system for landing is completely absent.

The Beechcraft MQM-61 Cardinal is equipped power plant consisting of a piston engine brand McCulloch TC6150-J-2, which is having a capacity of 125 hp, can accelerate the device to the maximum speed of its flight in 560 km \ h., At the same time, the duration of the unmanned flight is limited to one hour.

Length 4.6 m
Wingspan 3.95 m
Height 1.02 m
Maximum takeoff weight 300 kg
Cruising flight speed 400 km/h
Maximum flight speed 560 km/h
Maximum flight distance 400 km
Maximum flight height 13100 m.
aircraft engine type a piston
Powerplant McCulloch TC6150-J-2
Power 125 hp



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