FQM-117A RCMAT (Radio-Controlled Miniature Aerial Target)
To maintain proficiency, Stinger gunners must track and practice engagement of aerial targets as often as possible. However, because of the cost factor involved when using real aircraft, it is difficult to obtain sufficient tracking experience. To overcome this training limitation, more gunner training must be accomplished using innovative training techniques and devices to simulate real aircraft. This training requirement has been met with the development and use of a series of model aircraft as flying targets in unit training areas.
The radio-controlled miniature aerial target (RCMAT) is a durable target capable of providing simulation of an attacking aircraft. It provides a target for detection, acquisition, tracking, and simulated firing with the Stinger weapon. Stinger teams can also use the RCMAT at a live range to teach other units how to defend themselves against aircraft with their own weapons.
As a practical matter, the target's usage is limited only by the imagination of the unit commanders, the target operator's skill, and the restraints of range safety. The target can be flown in almost any weather. The visual reference required for flying is normally the limiting factor. Surface winds 25 knots or below do not restrict the system's tracking usage.
A second characteristic is the combative nature of the RCMAT. The maneuver capabilities of the target match (and exceed) those of any full-size, fixed-wing aircraft and the use of these maneuvers is under the direction of the instructor. Thus, the target can challenge the gunner by flying in a realistic manner, taking full advantage of terrain features, evasive maneuvers, and scale speed.
This unrestricted presentation capability introduces a competition between target and gunner that holds the attention of the personnel in training area. Improved morale based on the competition is a most important element in the FQM-117A's success to date. Another characteristic of the system is the low level of logistic support required. RCMATs are available through normal supply channels. They are normally issued in kit form by Federal stock number. The FQM-117A RCMAT consists of an airframe kit and a ground support kit.
The airframe kit contains an engine, three airframes, ten propellers, four glowplugs, and assembly materials. The ground support equipment kit consists of a station case, an operator's manual parts box, three flight boxes, two tool sets, and electrical test equipment. Assembly and operation of the FQM-117A is the responsibility of the using unit, normally the battalion. One trained operator, with the rank of E-7, (with an additional skill identifier [ASI]) and an assistant operator (E-7 preferred), also with additional skill identifier is required.
More than 100,000 FQM-117 targets of all versions were delivered to the U.S. Army, but the 1/9th scale RCMAT has been phased out in the late 1990s. The FQM-117 B-1 is designed for use in Air Defense small arms training, gunnery practice for VULCAN and M-42MENT.automatic weapons, and tracking training for infrared systemssuch a CHAPARRAL, REDEYE, and STINGER. The FQM-117 B-1 when combined with the FQM-117 C-1 is designed to be used for Target Identification Training.
The RCMAT consists of an aerial target, or friendly aircraft, that is approximately 1/9 the scale of the aircraft and the electronic control devices (receiver and transmitter) necessary to remotely control the aerial target. The receiver along with the servo/battery group is comprised of the receiver with an integral power switch and antenna servos and battery. It receives and converts the transmitted electronic impulses into mechanical movements which control the aerial target throttle and flight control surfaces
The transmitter contains the throttle and flight controls for the aerial target. Control stick movements (pitch, roll, and throttle) are translated into electrical impulses that are transmitted to the aerial target via an RF link. The support equipment supplies the necessary equipment to properly charge the equipment, fuel the aerial target's fuel tank when necessary, and supply the starting equipment. The,support equipment also supplies the necessary storage space for spare parts and tools.
|Speed Maximum||46 MPH at sea level with zero wind.|
|Speed Minimum||29 MPH at sea level with zero wind.|
|Endurance||Minimum of 10 minutes at maximum speed.|
|Range||Three kilometers maximum|
|Operational Altitudes||Sea level to maximum of 10,000 feet above sea level.|
|Maneuverability||Roll rate at full throttle is minimum of 180 degrees per second from level of flight at all operational altitudes. Pitch rate at full throttle is minimum of 60 degrees per second from level flight at all operational altitudes.|
|Launch Method||Hand launch in winds up to 25 knots.|
|Survivability||Under the conditions of unimproved grassy and/or sandy areas normally found at training and firing ranges, the airborne system is recoverable with a minimum of structural damage. Excluding hits to the engine, fuel, tank, electronics and control mechanisms, the airborne system can survive asmall arms hit up to 20 millimeters in size with minimal operational degradation.|
|ANCILLARY DEVICES||The airborne system is capable of accommodating a 5 pound,80-cubic-inch (typical 2.0 inches by 4.0 inches by 10 inches long) payload of uniform density. The payload will not degrade performance characteristics and is carried internally in a payload compartment, or externally. The airborne system will permit a radar signature sufficientfor VULCAN ROR (9145 to 9185 MHz) to engage and lockat 500 meters.|
|Weight||7 pounds 0 ounces without fuel without fuel|
|Weight||5 pounds 10 ounces|
|Transmitter Antenna Length - Collapsed||8.5 inches|
|Transmitter Antenna Length - Fully extended||101 inches|
|Receiver Antenna Length||51.0 inches|
|Support Equipment - GSE Field Box|
|Weight||Approximately 25 pounds with starter and battery installed|
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