Unattended Ground Sensors (UGS)
Unattended sensors are covered by FCS Annex E. In this field Textron Systems has been appointed prime contractor for the FCS Urban and FCS Tactical unattended ground sensors (UGS), for which it received a three-year $30million development contract in August 2003. The company has also won a US$19.2million sole development contract for the US Air Force's Advanced Remote Ground Unattended Sensor (ARGUS) and the similar Advanced Air Delivered Sensor (AADS) for the US Marine Corps. ARGUS is intended to detect, track, identify and report time-sensitive ground targets to an Air Operations Center in near-real time, using an air-delivered or hand-emplaced store containing sensors, communications, other electronics and power supplies. AADS will use similar means to detect, identify and report enemy activity in a named area of interest. The program runs until September 2009.
The FCS (BCT) Unattended Ground Sensors (UGS) program is divided into two major subgroups of sensing systems: Tactical-UGS (T-UGS), which includes Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR)-UGS and Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN)- UGS; and Urban-UGS (U-UGS), also known as Urban Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) Advanced Sensor System (UMASS).
The ISR-UGS will be modular and composed of tailorable sensor groups using multiple ground-sensing technologies. An Unattended Ground Sensors (UGS) field will include multimode sensors for target detection, location and classification; and an imaging capability for target identification. A sensor field will also include a gateway node to provide sensor fusion and a long-haul interoperable communications capability for transmitting target or SA information to a remote operator, or the common operating picture through the FCS (BCT) JTRS Network. The UGS can be used to perform mission tasks such as perimeter defense, surveillance, target acquisition and situational awareness (SA), including Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and High-yield Explosive (CBRN) early warning.
The Urban-UGS will provide a low cost, network-enabled reporting system for SA and force protection in an urban setting, as well as residual protection for cleared areas of Urban Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) environments. They can be hand-employed by Soldiers or robotic vehicles either inside or outside of structures. U-UGS can support BCT operations by monitoring urban choke points such as corridors and stairwells as well as sewers and tunnels.
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