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Tactical Wheeled Vehicle Strategy
Expedited Modernization Initiative Procedure

In 2004 the Army restructured its truck program, and put together a Tactical Wheeled Vehicle [TWV] Strategy specifying that in some kind of a cycle - say every 10 or 12 years - every vehicle will go through a refreshment program. It will be refurbished, at which time, the Army will inject into it technologies that will give more capabilities than before.

The Army's current TWV fleet is composed of the M915 Series of Trucks, Palletized Load System (PLS), Heavy Equipment Transporter (HET), Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck (HEMTT), Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV), and High Mobility Multi-purpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) families of vehicles, as well as all associated trailers.

An Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration [ACTD] started in 2005, to bring all the players in industry who want to compete into what was called a "rodeo" with the current truck fleet -- the HMMWVs, and the five-ton cargoes, PLS [palletized load system], and HEMMTs [heavy expanded mobility tactical trucks]. The Army is trying to improve them in four specific areas: crew protection; network communications capability; lower, better maintainability; and lower consumption rates for fuel and so forth. The Army wanted industry to bring technologies and capabilities to the table, and then the Army team will analyze them in light of those four major performance objectives and make decisions.

Starting in FY06, when those trucks come through the reset and refurbishment program, they will have the new capabilities. This is very, very important because the trucks of today will be supporting the Army 20 to 25 years in the future. The last thing the Army wants 20 years down the road is a battlefield that's got network capability and a truck driving around that's not in the network.

The Department of Defense Appropriations Act for fiscal year 2005, which the Senate passed 23 June 2004 by 98-0, included $10 million for developing the Army's next generation of tactical truck, as part of the Army's Tactical Wheeled Vehicle Strategy. This work leverages advances made by the NAC's FTTS and 21 st Century Truck programs, which have developed new vehicle capabilities by integrating key technologies such as hybrid electric engines, advanced lightweight materials, intelligent control systems, and embedded diagnostics into military vehicles. This effort is managed by TACOM in Warren, Michigan.

The Army Tactical Wheeled Vehicle Strategy involves a competition in calendar year 2006, defined as a watershed event by the Army. The FY06 Defense Authorization Bill Section 114 directed that, should the Army or the Marine Corps as a result of this competition chose to award a new non-developmental production contract for a new class of vehicle of TWV other than those referenced as Modifications, upgrades or product improvements to the existing fleet, the contract should be executed as a joint service program between the Army and the Marine Corps.

Modernizing the Army's truck fleet is necessary and supports the direction expressed in the House-passed version of the National Defense Authorization Act for fiscal year 2006 recommending that the Army and Marine Corps consider embarking on a joint program for this new class of trucks. The House FY06 Defense Authorization Bill contained a provision [Section 114] that would have required the Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of the Navy to enter into a joint service program for the procurement of a new vehicle class of tactical wheeled vehicles. The Senate amendment contained no similar provision. The Senate receded.

The conferees supported the Army's revised strategy for acquiring tactical wheeled vehicles and understand the Army intends to recapitalize, modernize, and eventually replace the Army's existing light, medium, and heavy tactical wheeled vehicles with either a new next generation vehicle class or more capable current force tactical wheeled vehicles. The conferees were aware that, in some areas, the Army and Marine Corps are cooperating in the development of tactical wheeled vehicle replacements. However, the conferees also understood that the Marine Corps had its own program to replace an aging fleet of battlefield resupply vehicles, the Logistics Vehicle System-Replacement program, even though it appeared that the Army's Palletized Load System could be an adequate replacement for Marine Corps resupply vehicles. The conferees believed that the Army and Marine Corps can do more to coordinate tactical wheeled vehicle requirements and execute a joint service program to acquire tactical wheeled vehicles. The conferees encouraged the Army-Marine Corps Board to review the current requirements for Army and Marine Corps tactical wheeled vehicles with the intent to converge tactical wheeled vehicle requirements and acquisition.

Expedited Modernization Initiative Procedure (EMIP)

A key enabler of the Army's tactical wheeled vehicle strategy is the Expedited Modernization Initiative Procedure process, an initiative designed to identify and use industry's investments in advanced technologies. The EMIP process will be conducted in parallel with the FTTS Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) that will assess key technologies and emerging service sustainment concepts to help develop the requirements for Army and Marine Corps trucks of the future, as well as to identify advanced technologies that also address current tactical wheeled vehicle needs. The funding is in PE 64622A for the FTTS ACTD.

The Expedited Modernization Initiative Procedure (EMIP), a key part of the Army's Tactical Wheeled Vehicle Transformational Strategy, is a multi-phased, continuous process designed to improve the current and future Tactical Wheeled Vehicles (TWV) fleet by identifying and leveraging industry's investments in advanced technologies. Under the lead of the Project Manager for Tactical Wheeled Vehicles (PM TWV), the goal of EMIP is to educate Government representatives about these technologies. The advantage of the EMIP process is that it provides both the Government and the contractor a single point of contact. This process applies to those vehicles that PM TWV manages. The Tank-automotive & Armaments Command (TACOM) Integrated Logistics Support Center (ILSC) manages vehicles no longer in production as well as all spares. Suggestions concerning vehicles no longer in production and managed by ILSC are directed to the appropriate item manager.

PM TWV is seeking technologies that will improve the capabilities of the current fleet and/or future fleet. The Expedited Modernization Initiative Procedure (EMIP) places emphasis on technologies that address solutions in the following warfighting capabilities:

  • Safety
  • Survivability
  • Reliability, Maintainability, and Sustainability
  • Distribution and Mission Enhancements.

    Although the Government is interested in learning about any ideas/concepts to improve the fleet, the EMIP process will mainly address those technologies that can be available for production within six-months of completion of verification testing and are technologies that are new to the Army (have not already been demonstrated in its current configuration).

    Contractors were requested to make their submissions to the Government via Mailbox (TruckTech@tacom.army.mil). The concept submitted should be at Technology Readiness Level (TRL) 8 or better. In almost all cases, TRL 8 represents the end of true system development. The concept should also not be one that has already been demonstrated to Government representatives in its current configuration.

    Technology Readiness Level (TRL) 7 is a system prototype demonstration in an operational environment. Prototype near, or at, planned operational system. Represents a major step up from TRL 6, requiring demonstration of an actual system prototype in an operational environment such as an aircraft, vehicle, or space. Examples include testing the prototype in a test bed aircraft.

    Technology Readiness Level (TRL) 8 is an actual system completed and qualified through test and demonstration. Technology has been proven to work in its final form and under expected conditions. In almost all cases, this TRL represents the end of true system development. Examples include developmental test and evaluation of the system in its intended weapon system to determine if it meets design specifications.

    Technology Readiness Level (TRL) 9 is an actual system proven through successful mission operations. Actual application of the technology in its final form and under mission conditions, such as those encountered in operational test and evaluation. Examples include using the system under operational mission conditions.

    Once the Government confirmed receipt, the EMIP process would continue as follows. Review written documentation and view the technology capability within 90 days of receipt. The Government will review for applicability as well as technical readiness level. If the Government determines that the technology is appropriate for demonstration, that vendor will be provided a recommendation for demonstration and/or request for additional data. If the Government determines that the proposal is not a candidate for the EMIP process, then a recommendation will be provided to the contractor.

    In the event that the Government determines that a demonstration is appropriate, two alternatives are available. The value of the demonstrations is that contractors can provide a much more persuasive case for the technology than can be provided by written documentation alone.

    The basic flow of the demonstration process is continuous, with the location to be determined by contractor with Government concurrence (e.g.: Government proving ground, private proving ground, contractor's facility). This alternative offers more flexibility for schedule. However, the Government participation will be more limited than with the scheduled technology modernization demonstration because only one demonstration will be ongoing. The conduct of this demonstration may be recorded in order to facilitate further review. The advantage of this process is that results of this observation will be reviewed and considered on a continuous basis rather than incurring a potential delay due to waiting to demonstrate in the Annual demonstration.

    The 2nd Annual Government Technology Modernization Component Technology Demonstration was conducted at Yuma Proving Ground (YPG), Arizona, January 23-27, 2006. Although the EMIP process is a continuous process and contractors may submit concepts at any time during the calendar year, in order to be considered for the annual demonstration submissions must have been received no later than (NLT) 1 November 2005. This cutoff date is necessary to allow for time to review the technology for applicability as well as to coordinate resources at YPG. The potential advantage of this demonstration is that it has in the past been attended by general officer leadership involved with the TWV modernization process who, in addition to the IPT, was present to witness the demonstrations.

    It must be stressed that all such demonstrations are both optional and at the expense of the contractor. The demonstration of items will in no way express or imply an obligation by the Government to purchase or otherwise acquire the items demonstrated or displayed. Moreover, the Government is not bound or obligated in any way to give special consideration to any demonstrating vendor on future contracts as a result of the EMIP process or demonstration. It must be emphasized that this process is not a source selection, but instead a means to identify and leverage Industry's investments through the Market Research process. Upon completion of the demonstration, the Government will make an internal acquisition approach decision.

    The EMIP process and technology modernization demonstrations are focused primarily on component technologies. However, the System Platforms Demonstrations is distinct from component demonstrations and is conducted in the July-September 2006 timeframe to specifically focus on complete, integrated vehicle solutions. At this time, vendors may choose to demonstrate their individual EMIP components on a full-up system. The TWV Platform Systems Demonstration was formerly known as the TWV System Rodeo.

    The key advantage of the EMIP process is that it provides a focused, standardized approach to introducing new capabilities to PM Tactical Wheeled Vehicles. PM TWV welcomes all technological ideas/concepts and would like to thank all industry participants for their commitment to the improvement of the TWV fleet.



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