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Trainer Aircraft Variants

Some sources claim that the T-48 designation was applied to a 1984 Cessna program for a modified T-37 Next Generation Trainer [NGT] program to replace the T-46,, but this is not widely attested. For some reason, the "T" (trainer) sequence, last seen in the Cessna T-47 in 1984, was restarted with the Beech T-1 Jayhawk in 1990. Further adding to the confusion is the fact that other trainer programs were given the designations T-49, T-50 and T-51.

The Wikipedia list is defective in several respects.

Wikipedia claims that there is a Boeing CT-49, though is not able to describe it. The NATO Airborne Early Warning & Control Force (NAEW&CF), activated 28 June 1982, consists of personnel of most NATO Air Forces, jointly operating seventeen E-3A AWACS aircraft. The NAEW&CF also has two [possibly three] CT-49As for training, which are B-707 airframes without the radar on top. In addition, the CT-49s are not capable of air-to-air refueling, but only can make “dry” hook-ups for training purposes. Luxembourg has no Air Force but for legal purposes NATO’s 17 E-3A Sentry AWACS aircraft and 2 Boeing CT/49 (training) have LU registration. The CT-49 is a designation by Boeing and/or the USAF for a militarized, cargo/trainer versions of the B-707-320C. NATO operates a fleet of such aircraft in the E-3A flight-crew training role and cargo/passenger transport role. Bearing the rather vague designation of TCAs (Trainer Cargo Aircraft) they are also designated NCT-49A, as can be seen in their technical orders. There are only a couple of SOURCES / SOURCES for this designation.

The T-50 is real, but it is a South Korean project.

Wikipedia also claimed that there was a Cessna T-51, but they failed to describe it and no one else had ever heard of such a thing. Eventually Wikipedia figured out that Titan Aircraft offers a 3/4 scale replica P-51 homebuilt kit, said to combine friendly low speed handling characteristics with agility and high performance, that is destignated the T-51 Mustang.

The meticulous observer may note that the initiation of the "new" alpha-numeric series did not put an end to the further elaboration of the "old" series. There does not seem to be any particular rhyme or reason to which series is now invoked for which new aircraft. "A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds, adored by little statesmen and philosophers and divines."

BUILDER NAME ENGINES SERVICE COMMENTS
New Series
T-1AMCDONNELL DOUGLAS, BEECH, QUINTRONJAYHAWK2JT15D-5BAFTANKER, TRANSPORT, TRAINING SYSTEM WITH 3 SEATS, USED FOR TRANSITIONING UPT PILOTS TO TANKER/TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT
T-2BNORTH AMERICAN ROCKWELLBUCKEYE2J60-P-6NAVYLOW WING, CARRIER JET (2 CREW)
T-2CNORTH AMERICAN ROCKWELLBUCKEYE2J85-GE-4/-4ANAVYUPGRADED T-2B
T-3ASLINGSLY NORTHROPNONE1AEIO 540AFSINGLE ENGINE, LOW WING, LIGHT TRAINER WITH SIDE-BY-SIDE SEATING
T-4[skipped]
T-5[skipped]
T-6ARAYTHEON AIRCRAFTTBD1PT-6A-68AF/NAVYSINGLE ENGINE, TWO PLACE LOW WING PRIMARY TRAINER (JPATS)
T-7 Boeing Redhawk Advanced Pilot Training (APT T-X) a
Old Series
T-7 Beech Expeditor AT-7
T-11 BeechKansan AT-11
T-17 Boeing Kaydet AT-17
T-19StinsonReliant AT-19
T-28BNORTH AMERICAN ROCKWELLTROJAN1R-1820-86ANAVYLOW-WING, FLIGHT TRAINER (2 CREW)
T-28CNORTH AMERICAN ROCKWELLTROJAN1R-1820-86ANAVYUPGRADED T-28B SUITABLE FOR CARRIER OPERATIONS (2 CREW)
T-29BGENERAL DYNAMICSFLYING CLASSROOM2R-2800-97NAVYLOW WING TRAINER TRANSPORT WITH PERISCOPIC SEXTANT WINDOW (4 CREW, 10 STUDENTS)
T-29CGENERAL DYNAMICSFLYING CLASSROOM2R-2800-99WNAVYUPGRADED T-29B FOR NAVIGATOR-BOMBARDIER TRAINING (3 CREW 10 STUDENTS)
XT-30DouglasT-28 Competitor
T-31Fairchild
T-32 Consolidated
T-33ALOCKHEEDSHOOTING STAR1J33-A-35AFFULL-CANTILEVER, LOW WING, FLIGHT TRAINER (2 CREW)
T-34ABEECHMENTOR1IO-470-4AFLOW-WING, SEMI-MONOCOQUE TRAINER (2 CREW)
T-34BBEECHMENTOR1IO-470-4NAVYNAVY VERSION OF T-34A
T-34CBEECHMENTOR1PT6A-25NAVYIMPROVED T-34B
T-35 TemcoBuckaroo T-34 Competitor
T-36 Beech
T-37BCESSNATWEET2J69-T-25AF/GAFPRIMARY JET TRAINER, BUBBLE CLAMSHELL CANOPY (2 CREW)
T-38ANORTHROPTALON2J85-GE-5/-5A/AF/NV/GAFLOW-WING, SUPERSONIC JET TRAINER (2 CREW)
T-38CNORTHROPTALON2J85-GE-5/-5A/AF/NV/GAFT-38A & AT-38B MODIFIED INTO SINGLE FLEET CONFIGURATION, INCLUDES GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM/INERTIAL NAVIGATION SYSTEM, HEADS-UP DISPLAY, AND NO DROP BOMB SCORING SYSTEM
T-38NNORTHROPTALON2J85-GE-5H/-5NNASAT-38A MODIFIED WITH UPGRADED AVIONICS
T-39BNORTH AMERICAN ROCKWELLSABRELINER2J60-P-3/-3AAFUPGRADED T-39A WITH DOPPLER RADAR USED TO TRAIN PILOTS IN RADAR NAVIGATION (3 PASSENGERS)
T-39DNORTH AMERICAN ROCKWELLSABRELINER2J60-P-3ANAVYNAVY VERSION OF T-39 SERIES WITH AN/APQ-94 RADAR TO TRAIN FLEET AIRCREWS (5 CREW)
T-39NNORTH AMERICAN ROCKWELLSABRELINER2JT-12-8NAVYADVANCED VERSION OF T-39A USED FOR TRAINING UNDERGRADUATE NAVAL FLIGHT OFFICERS
T-40LockheedJetstarC-140
T-41ACESSNAMESCALERO1IO-300-DAFSINGLE ENGINE, HIGH WING, LIGHT TRAINER, MILITARY VERSION OF CESSNA 172 (2 CREW, 2 PASSENGERS)
T-41BCESSNAMESCALERO1IO-360-DARMYARMY VERSION OF T-41A
T-41CCESSNAMESCALERO1IO-360-D34AFUPGRADED T-41A
T-41DCESSNAMESCALERO110-360-D34AFT-41B/C WITH CONSTANT SPEED PROPELLERS
T-42ABEECHCOCHISE2IO-470-LARMYINSTRUMENT FLIGHT TRAINER (4 CREW)
T-43ABOEINGNONE2JT-8D-9AFMILITARY VERSION OF THE BOEING 737-200 MODIFIED FOR NAVIGATOR TRAINING (12 STUDENT STATIONS, 4 INSTRUCTOR STATIONS, AND 3 PROFICIENCY STATIONS)
T-44ABEECHNONE2PT6A-34BNAVYFIVE-PLACE TRAINER FOR (IFR) FLIGHT, RADIO INSTRUMENT NAVIGATION, AND TACTICAL ORIENTATION TRAINING
T-45AMCDONNELL DOUGLASGOSHAWK1MK851-49NAVYLOW-WING JET TRAINER FOR CARRIER LANDING TRAINING (2 CREW)
T-45BMCDONNELL DOUGLASGOSHAWK1MK851-49NAVYT-45A MODIFIED FOR LAND BASED TRAINING
T-46Fairchild-RepublicEaglet2F109-GA-100 AFnever put into production.
T-47ACESSNANONE2JT15D-5NAVYMILITARY VERSION OF COMMERCIAL CITATION II WITH ENGINE AND STRUCTURAL MODIFICATIONS, CONFIGURED WITH RADAR TRAINING CONSOLES AND AN/APQ-159 RADAR
T-48? Tweetnot assigned ?
possibly 1984 Cessna program for a modified T-37 Next Generation Trainer [NGT] program to replace the T-46
CT-49 Boeing4NATONATO AWACS trainer, 707 airframe without rotodome or refueling
T-50Lockheed MartinGolden Eagle Not a DOD designator
T-51 Not a DOD designator
Titan Aircraft 3/4 scale replica P-51 homebuilt kit, said to combine friendly low speed handling characteristics with agility and high performance
T-51CESSNACessna 150
T-52not to be confused with Provost T-52 trainer - Diamond DA40 Diamond Star is an Austrian four-seat, single-engine, light aircraft, 20 acquired in 2009 and used by the 557th Flying Training Squadron at United States Air Force Academy, replaced in 2012 with the Cirrus SR20-based T-53A.
T-53Cirrus SR20
Training Modifications
TA-3BMCDONNELL DOUGLASSKYWARRIOR2J57-P-10NAVYA-3B EQUIPPED FOR BOMBARDIER/NAVIGATOR TRAINING (8 CREW), ALSO STAFF TRANSPORT VERSION (3 CREW)
TA-4BMCDONNELL DOUGLASSKYHAWK1J65-W-16A/-20NAVYSMALL, SINGLE-SEAT, DELTA WING, CARRIER-BASED, ATTACK AIRCRAFT WITH TRICYCLE LANDING GEAR AND INFLIGHT REFUELING CAPABILITY
TA-4FMCDONNELL DOUGLASSKYHAWK1J52-P-6A/-6B/-8ANAVYA-4F MODIFIED WITH DUAL CONTROLS AND LONGER FORWARD FUSELAGE (2 CREW)
TA-4JMCDONNELL DOUGLASSKYHAWK1J52-P-6ANAVYTA-4F EQUIPPED FOR SHRIKE, BULLPUP, BUDDY STORE REFUELING, AN/APG-53 RADAR DOPPLER, AND AN/ASN/41 NAVIGATION COMPUTER, PRIMARILY CONFIGURED FOR ADVANCED TRAINING COMMAND
TA-7CLTV AEROSPACECORSAIR II1TF30-P-8/-408NAVYA-7B AND A-7C AIRCRAFT MODIFIED AS CARRIER REPLACEMENT AIR WING (CRAW) TRAINERS (2 CREW)
TA-7PLTV AEROSPACECORSAIR II1TF30-P-408NAVY/PORTTWO SEAT TRAINING VERSION OF A-7P FOR PORTUGUESE GOVERNMENT
TAH-1SBELLCOBRA/TOW1T53-L-703ARMYAH-1S MODIFIED FOR TRAINING AH-64 FLIGHT CREWS
TAV-8ABRITISH AEROSPACEHARRIER1F402-RR-400-401NAVYTWO-PLACE AV-8A FOR TRANSITION TRAINING
TAV-8BMCDONNELL DOUGLASHARRIER1F402-RR-406NAVYTRAINER VERSION OF AV-8B (2 CREW)
TC-4CGRUMMANACADEME2MK529-8XNAVYC-4A MODIFIED AS A BOMBARDIER/NAVIGATOR TRAINER
TC-18EBOEINGNONE4TF33-PW-100AAFBOEING 707-300 SERIES AIRCRAFT MODIFIED FOR E-3 PILOT/CREW TRAINING
TC-18FBOEINGNONE4JT3D-3BNAVYBOEING 707-300 SERIES AIRCRAFT MODIFIED FOR E-6 PILOT TRAINING
TC-117DMCDONNELL DOUGLASSKYTRAIN2R-1820-80ANAVYC-117D MODIFIED FOR NAVIGATION TRAINING (3 CREW, 8 STUDENTS)
TC-135SBOEINGSTRATOLIFTER4TF33-P-5AFFORMERLY EC-135B MODIFIED FOR RC-135S FLIGHT CREW TRAINING
TC-135WBOEINGSTRATOLIFTER4TF33-P-5AFTRAINING VERSION OF RC-135W WITH SPECIAL MISSION EQUIPMENT REMOVED
TE-2AGRUMMANHAWKEYE2T56-A-8/-8A/-8BNAVYE-2B WITH AIR TACTICAL DATA SYSTEM (ATDS) REMOVED AND MODIFIED FOR TRAINING
TE-2CGRUMMANHAWKEYE2T56-A-8/-8A/-8BNAVYYE-2C MODIFIED FOR PILOT TRAINING
TF-16NGENERAL DYNAMICSFIGHTING FALCON1F110-GE-100NAVYTWO-SEAT F-16N USED TO TEST PILOT PROFICIENCY IN SIMULATING HIGH PERFORMANCE, ALL-WEATHER AGGRESSOR
TF-18AMCDONNELL DOUGLASHORNET2F404-GE-400NAVYTWO-PLACE TRAINER VERSION OF F-18A
TFA-18AMCDONNELL DOUGLAS, NORTHROPHORNET2F404-GE-400NAVYPREVIOUSLY DESIGNATED F-18A AND A-18A, TWO SEAT AIRCRAFT USED FOR TRAINING
TG-3ASCHWEIZERNONEAFNON-MOTORIZED GLIDER USED FOR TRAINING AT THE AIR FORCE ACADEMY
TG-4ASCHWEIZERNONEAFNON-MOTORIZED GLIDER USED FOR TRAINING AT THE AIR FORCE ACADEMY
TG-7ASCHWEIZERNONE1LYCOMING 0-35AFMOTORIZED GLIDER USED FOR CADET TRAINING
TG-9ASCLEICHERNONEAFTANDEM TWO-SEAT COMPETITION AND TRAINING SAILPLANE
TG-10ALETFLUGZEUGWERKENONEAFNON-MOTORIZED GLIDER USED FOR TRAINING AT THE AIR FORCE ACADEMY
TG-11ASTEMME GMBH & CONONE1LIMBACH L2400AFMOTORIZED GLIDER USED FOR TRAINING AT THE AIR FORCE ACADEMY
TH-1LBELLIROQUOIS1T53-L-13/NAVYUH-1E MODIFIED FOR TRAINING
TH-6BMCDONNELL DOUGLASNONE1T63-A-720NAVYOH-6 MODIFIED FOR TRAINING NAVY TEST PILOTS
TH-53ASIKORSKYNONE2T64-GE-7AAFH-53 MODIFIED TO CONDUCT BASIC AND INITIAL QUALIFICATION TRAINING FOR THE AIR FORCE
TH-57ABELLSEA RANGER1250-C18NAVYTRAINER VERSION OF BELL CO MODEL 206A, SINGLE BLADE MAIN ROTOR, SKID-TYPE GEAR, DUAL FLIGHT CONTROLS (5 SEATS)
TH-57BBELLSEA RANGER1250-C20JNAVYUPGRADED TH-57A WITH MORE POWERFUL ENGINE AND NEW AVIONICS
TH-57CBELLSEA RANGER1250-C20JNAVYUPGRADED TH-57B WITH DUAL PILOT IFR AVIONICS, 3-AXIS STABILITY AUGMENTATION SYSTEM,AND GREATER FUEL CAPACITY
TH-67ABELL HELICOPTER, TEXTRON, INCCREEK1250-C20JNARMYMODIFIED BELL 206 JET RANGER
TP-3ALOCKHEEDORION4T56-A-10WNAVYMODIFIED P-3A TO PROVIDE P-3C PILOT/FLIGHT ENGINEER TRAINING
TS-2AGRUMMANTRACKER2R-1820-82NAVYTRAINER VERSION OF CARRIER-BASED ASW AIRCRAFT, AN/APS-38 EQUIPMENT AND MARINE MARKER PETRO LAUNCHER REMOVED PRIOR TO ASSIGNMENT TO (CNATRA) (4 CREW)
TU-2RLOCKHEEDNONE1F118-GE-101AFTRAINER VERSION OF U-2R
TU-2SLOCKHEEDNONE1F118-GE-101AFMODIFIED TU-2R WITH IMPROVED HIGHER PERFORMANCE ENGINE
 
Page last modified: 17-08-2020 14:21:37 Zulu