Marine Air Command and Control System (MACCS)
The Marine Air Command and Control System (MACCS) - less commonly Marine Aviation Command and Control System - provides the Marine aviation combat element commander with the means to exercise command and control of organic and nonorganic aviation assets necessary to support Marine air-ground task force (MAGTF) operations. The Marine air command and control system (MACCS) consists of various air command and control agencies designed to provide the Marine air-ground task force's (MAGTF's) aviation combat element (ACE) commander with the ability to monitor, supervise, and influence the application of Marine aviation's six functions. The Marine air control group (MACG) is responsible for providing, operating, and maintaining principal Marine air command and control system agencies.
Marine aviation's philosophy of command is one of centralized command and decentralized control. Centralized command promotes coordinated operations and economy of force while aiding in the integration of all aviation assets into a cohesive capability. Decentralized control allows shorter decision cycles by allowing tactical decisions to be made in the cockpit and at the subordinate control agencies with firsthand knowledge of the situation. Controllers and executors make time sensitive decisions within the framework of the commander's intent. The shorter communications/ decision trail allows the MACCS to be more responsive to the MAGTF's needs.
The Marine air command and control system (MACCS) was born out of necessity in the 1960s. It was developed in order to facilitate timely and responsive aircraft movement throughout the battlespace. The MACCS initially was the result of harnessing technology to enable a more synchronized battlefield not only on the ground, but also in the air. Command and control are considered vital to any military operation, and computer enhanced/controlled C2 has been a part of Marine aviation since the Vietnam era. The MACG is tasked with fielding the Marine Air Command and Control System (MACCS).
The MACCS is both a functional and technical system, and has been structured since its inception to be task organized, with the basic theme being "centralized command, decentralized control." This means that each subordinate squadron of the MACG is formed to provide a tactical piece of the MACCS. No one single squadron, or tactical component, can work autonomously to complete C2 operations. Only when working together can the squadrons of the MACCS field all necessary elements to carry out air command and control operations.
The Common Aviation Command and Control System (CAC2S) provides aviation command and control modernization by incrementally replacing all Marine Aviation Command and Control Systems (MACCS). CAC2S will provide a system that is capable of plugging into the Joint/Combined environment and is rapidly deployable and horizontally employable.
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