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ADM-144 air-launched decoy

Designation Systems reports that "On 19 July 1989, the designation ADM-144A was tentatively reserved for an unidentified air-launched decoy. No details whatsoever are available, but the reservation was apparently not followed-up by a formal request for nomenclature allocation. Possible reasons could be that the project was cancelled soon after the reservation had been made, or that the project office changed their mind and decided that no official designation was necessary at that time."

One method of providing aerial sensing and data communications in hostile or emergency environments is by use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Small UAVs were used by various governments to achieve some of the benefits of such a vehicle, primarily in military and paramilitary operations. Among these systems were the Thompson-CSF Epervier, the AeroVironment FQM-151 A Pointer, the BAI Javelin, and the BAI BQM-147A Exdrone. Other similar vehicles included the U.S. Navy's Improved Tactical Air Launched Decoy (ITALD), or the U.S. Air Force's Miniature Air Launched Decoys (MALD).

Various air deployed decoys with sophisticated electronics do exist. But decoys of this type are typically costly, and of such unwieldy size such that they occupy an external aircraft hardpoint normally used for munitions or sensors. Additionally, such decoys necessitate costly airframe modifications to mount special launching mechanisms. While otherwise successful in many respects, these vehicles are also somewhat limited in various operating parameters, including limited range, speed, observability, payload, mission modularity, portability and telemetry. Also the cost of such systems is generally prohibitive, since the vehicles must often of necessity be expendable.

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