2nd Seoul Expedition Korea 24 Jul 1894 - 03 Apr 1896
The war between China and Japan, which began on Juljr 25th of this year, we.s the occasion for unrest and disturbed conditions in this country. In June, Rear Admiral McNair, commander-in-chief, Asiatic Fleet, sent the Baltimore to Corea to observe conditions, and to be near in case the American Minister should request assistance.
On the 22nd of July 1894 the Japanese troops seized the palace and the king. The following day (2ord), the American Minister requested Captain Day, of the Baltimore, to send a guard to protect the consulate, missionaries, and other foreign residents of Seoul. Accordingly, Captain Day ordered Captain George F. Elliott of the Marines, to take charge of a detachment of two ensigns, an assistant surgeon, a paymaster's clerk, 2l Marines and 29 sailors and proceed to Seoul. It was intended to send this force by boat. However, there being no pilot available, Captain Elliott suggested that he be permitted to march, which was agreed to by Captain Day. Captain Elliott with the 2l Marines, only, left the ship at 7:30 p.m. and made a night march to the capital.
The naval contingent of this force proceeded up the river in boats the next day, and reported to Captain Elliott upon arrival, Elliott's force remained at Seoul until the 26th of September, when it was relieved by a detachment of l3 Marines from the Concord, under command of Lieutenant Gill of the Navy, This latter force remained until October 29th, when it was withdrawn. On the 2nd of November, the Marine Guard of the Charleston, under lst Lieutenant 3. S. Neumann, U.S.M.C., landed and took the place of the guard from the Concord.
The beginning of 1895 year found the Marines from the Charleston still on duty at the American legation. They re mained on this duty until March 25th. The Marines from the Detroit relieved them at this time; remaining until the l9th of June, rhen they returned to their ship. The Legation had no guard from that date until October llth, when the Yorktown landed her guard. This detachment was withdrawn on November 30th, having been relieved by the Marines of the Machias the day before.
The Machias' Marines continued their duty as guard for the American legation during the early part of 1896, and were not withdrawn until April 3rd.
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