Queen Anne's War
The War of Spanish Succession (1701-13) was known in America as as Queen Anne's War. Peace had been established in 1697, but at the time of the accession of Queen Anne in 1702, war with France was renewed. Thereafter, annual raids were carried out by both the French and English on the other's settlements and fishing stations. The British Navy's control of the sea made possible the mounting of sea expeditions against Canada and at the same time made it difficult for the French to reinforce their small Regular garrisons. In 1710 a combined British and colonial expedition captured the French fort at Port Royal on Nova Scotia, and by 1712, British victories in Europe had brought about an armistice. In the Treaty of Utrecht (1713), the French yielded all rights in Newfoundland to Britain and Nova Scotia became an English possession.
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