1912 Cuban Pacification Campaign
US forces protected American interests on the Province of Oriente and in Havana from June 5 to August 5, 1912. In the spring of 1912, revolt again flared in Cuba, and Marines were once more called to the island. On 27 May, the 2d Provisional Regiment was formed at Philadelphia and Norfolk to reinforce the 1st Provisional Regiment already in Cuba. Under the command of Colonel James E. Mahoney, the regiment sailed in several vessels of the Navy for Cuba, where Companies B, D, and E helped quell the Negro Rebellion. Within two months, peace again prevailed in the island, and on 1 August, the 2d Provisional Regiment was disbanded, and its personnel were returned to the United States or detached to the newly reorganized 1st Provisional Regiment in Cuba.
The 2d Regiment, 2d Provisional Brigade was formed at Philadelphia on 19 February 1913. The regiment, under the command of Colonel Joseph H. Pendleton, was intended for duty in Mexico as part of the brigade. However, it was sent to Guantanamo Bay and held in readiness for emergency duties, meanwhile undergoing intensive training. On 1 May, the 2d Regiment was redesignated 2d Regiment, Expeditionary Force, USMC. It remained in Cuba until the latter part of the month, when it boarded the PRAIRIE for the United States, arriving at Philadelphia on 1 June, when it disbanded.
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