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Military

Airborne Glossary

ADMINISTRATIVE PARACHUTE OPERATION (Routine Proficiency Jump).  Airborne operations conducted without combat equipment or tactical assembly immediately following the jump.  Administrative jumps will be limited to Special and Saturday type programs as a reward for unit and individual outstanding duty performance. 

ADVANCED AIRBORNE SCHOOL (AAS).  A Division 'School that conducts the Jumpmaster, Air Movement Operations, Drop Zone Support Team, and Refresher training Courses. 

ADVERSE WEATHER AERIAL DELIVERY SYSTEM (AWADS).  A system designed to place an airborne assault force on a predetermined drop area under condition of low ceiling and/or limited visibility. 

AIRBORNE ASSAULT.  The parachute assault or airland of elements of an airborne force on unsecured drop or landing zones to attack and seize selected objectives. 

AIRBORNE COMMANDER.  The senior commander of all Army airborne elements engaged in a specific airborne operation. 

AIRBORNE OPERATION.  An operation involving the movement and delivery by air of combat forces and their logistical support into an objective area for execution of a tactical or strategical mission.  The means of delivery may be any combination of parachute assault or airland or airborne unit, air transportable units, and types of transport aircraft depending on the mission and overall situation.   

AIRCRAFT COMMANDER (AC).  A pilot designated pilot-in-command of a given aircraft that is responsible for its safe operation and is in command of all personnel on board during flight. 

AIR FORCE  SPECIAL TACTICS SQUADRON (STS).  A team of Air Force personnel organized, equipped, and trained to establish and operate navigational or terminal guidance aids, communications, and aircraft control facilities within the objective area of an airborne operation. 

AIRLAND ASSAULT OPERATIONS (AL).  An airland operation conducted by C130 aircraft onto a dirt landing strip.   

AIRLAND OPERATION.  An operation involving air movement in which personnel and supplies are airlanded at a designated destination for further deployment of units and personnel and further distribution of supplies. 

AIR LIASION OFFICER (ALO).  A highly qualified Air Combat Command aircrew personnel assigned to brigade or higher units as the commander's special staff assistant for joint tactical close air support operations. 

AIRLIFT CONTROL ELEMENT (ALCE).  A functional tactical airlift organization established to support air elements at an air facility.  Normally, it includes an operations function such as movement control and communication; a support function, which relates to the air facility itself; and a liaison function with appropriate airborne or other air units. 

AIR MISSION COMMANDER (AMC).  The senior commander of all Air Force elements (AMC) engaged in a specific airborne operation or specified individual who may be designated as the air mission commander. 

AIRMOBILE OPERATION.  Operations in which combat forces and their equipment move about the battlefield in helicopters under the control of a ground force commander to engage in ground combat. 

AIR MOVEMENT CONTROL OFFICER (AMCO).  Assigned at company/battery/detachment level.  Duties are delineated in FM 55-9, Appendix B, FM 55-12, FORSCOM Reg. 55-12 paragraph 2-8, and Chapter 3 of this SOP.  The AMCO must be an officer or NCO, E-6 or above, must have a secret clearance, and be retainable for one year. 

AIR MOVEMENT PLAN.  Used in detailed planning for an airlift when the airlift of troops are involved.  The respective ground force and Air Force commanders prepare it jointly.   

AIR MOVEMENT TABLE.  A table prepared by a ground force commander in coordination with Air Force commander.  This table, issued as an annex to the operation order, provides the following: 

      A.  Indicates the allocation of aircraft space to elements of the ground units to be airlifted. 

      B.  Designates the number and type of aircraft in each serial. 

      Specifies the departure area and time of loading and take-off. 

ALLOWABLE CARGO/CABIN LOAD (ACL).  The amount of cargo, determined by weight, cubic displacement, and distance to be flown, which may be transported by specific aircraft. 

ALTERNATING DOOR EXIT PROCEDURES FOR TRAINING (ADEPT).  Training exit procedures to be used by all 82d Airborne Division units when using MC1-1C parachutes.  Its distinguishing characteristic is that only one jumper door on an Air Force aircraft is used at any one time.  That is, a stick of jumpers exit one door, and when the last jumper in that stick has exited his door, jumpers may begin exiting from the other door.  ADEPT is a safety measure designed to prevent simultaneous exits and high altitude entanglements. 

ANEMOMETER.  A device used to measure wind speed and direction. 

ARMY ASSAULT TEAM (AAT).  A small airborne infantry unit (normally LRSD) assigned on a mission basis during airborne assault operations to accomplish and provide security to an Air Force Special Tactics Squadron (STS) in the execution of the USAF STS  mission. 

AARRIVAL AIRFIELD CONTROL GROUP (AACG).  When the airborne operation involves arrival airfields, an AACG will be established to discharge duties and responsibilities associated with off-loading personnel, supplies and equipment at the arrival airfield. Duties are similar to the DACG. 

ARRIVAL/DEPARTURE AIRFIELD CONTROL GROUP (A/DACG).  The primary function of the A/DACG is to ensure the uninterrupted flow of personnel and equipment scheduled for movement to waiting aircraft for loading.  A subordinate unit of the 7th Transportation Battalion, 1st COSCOM, it is located in the Green Ramp marshaling area. 

BLOCK TIME.  In common Division usage, their term refers to the available time for parachute operations on a given drop zone, normally 20 minutes for C130 and 30 minutes for C141 drops. 

CHALK NUMBER. A number assigned to an aircraft used to identify and designate its position primarily to facilitate loading and unloading.  Corresponding chalk numbers are given to personnel, vehicles, and supplies for matching designated loads with the aircraft. 

COMBAT LIGHT.  Is a term used to describe the type of airborne operation being conducted. Normally Combat Light operations consist of the soldier's individual weapon, ammunition, and the minimum essential equipment required to execute a mission that should not exceed 24 hours without resupply. 

COMPUTED AIR RELEASE POINT (CARP).  A computed air position at which parachutists, equipment, or supplies are released to land on a specified point of impact. 

CONTAINER DELIVERY SYSTEM (CDS).  A system for aerial delivery of supplies and small items of equipment from low or high altitudes into a small area.  The system incorporates a rapid release of 16 bundles (C130) or 40 bundles (C141B). 

CROSS LOADING.  A system of loading troops so that they may be embarked or dropped at one or more landing zones, thereby allowing better unit integrity upon delivery and facilitating rapid assembly.   

DANGEROUS CARGO (Hazardous Materials) Any material that is explosive, flammable (liquid or solid), an oxidizer, a corrosive, compressed gas, radioactive, or other regulated material (ORM).  A DD Form 1387-2 (Special Handling Data/Certification) is required on all shipments containing hazardous materials.  See TM 38-250 for proper packaging, marking, and handling of hazardous materials for air shipment on military aircraft. 

DEPARTURE AIRFIELD CONTROL GROUP (DACG).  The mission of the DACG is to coordinate and control the out-loading of any units for deployment or employment operations.  The DACG is normally organized from resources that are not required to accompany the task force.  A DACG is required for each departure airfield used.  The main function of the DACG is to ensure that Army units and their equipment and supplies are moved form the alert holding area to the aircraft and are loaded in accordance with the established air movement plan. 

DEPARTURE AREA.  The general area encompasses all base camps, bivouacs, departure airfields, and air landing facilities (see Marshalling Area). 

DIVISION PARACHUTE OFFICER (DPO).  The field grade officer in the 782d MSB who is responsible for the availability and readiness of all air items and their use in aerial delivery operations within the Division. 

DOOR BUNDLES.  Normally limited to A-7A and A-21 containers with a weight limitation of 300 pounds not including the cargo parachute.  No more than two door bundles per door may be exited from the first three aircraft on the first pass only for standard trail formations.  Separation between lines will be 30 minutes for day and 1 hour for night drops. 

DRAGON MISSILE JUMP PACK (DMJP).  A container used to permit paratroopers to jump the DRAGON missile during airborne operations. 

DROP ZONE CONTROL OFFICER (DZCO).  The drop zone control officer, or drop zone officer (DZO) as he is referred to locally by the Air Force, ensures that all safety criteria are met and approval is obtained prior to authorizing air Force aircraft into a restricted area and subsequent release of personnel and/or equipment onto a drop zone.  He maintains constant communications with the drop aircraft beginning six minutes prior to drop and relays all pertinent weather data before the drop (see USAF STS). 

DROP ZONE SAFETY OFFICER (DZSO).  The DZSO is responsible for complete safety on the drop zone and air space immediately in and around the drop area.  He ensures the drop zone is safe to drop on, wind speeds are within proper limits and medical coverage is available.  He will make the final Army decision on the ground for the jump or no jump conditions. 

DUAL RAIL SYSTEM.  A cargo handling system found in the C130 and C141 aircraft consisting of rails which are mounted on the floor of the aircraft and extended the length of the cargo compartment.   

80-PAX.  A closed tractor/trailer vehicle used to transport personnel. 

ENGINE RUNNING ON/OFF-LOAD (ERO).  The engine running on-load of aircraft is an expedient method of loading paratroopers for immediate take-off and subsequent drop on a nearby drop zone.  ERO is normally scheduled 30 minutes prior to take-off during continuous airborne operations utilizing the same aircraft.  Engine running off-load is used during airland operations incorporating personnel and rolling stock.  Aircraft airlands, off-loads, and immediately departs. 

EXTRACTION ZONE (EZ).  A specified ground area upon which equipment or supplies are delivered by means of a jointly approved extraction technique from an aircraft in flight in close proximity (5 to 10 feet) to the ground. 

GROUND LIAISION OFFICER (GLO).  An officer assigned to XVIII ABN CORPS and attached to the 43rd Air Lift Wing at Pope AFB Command Post and assists with Army/Air Force coordination during joint airborne and airland movement operations. 

GROUND TIME.  That period of time the aircraft is on the ground from arrival at the blocks to removal of blocks for departure. 

HEAVY DROP (HD).  Equipment airdropped from Air Force aircraft using platforms and cargo parachutes. 

HEAVY EQUIIPMENT POINT OF IMPACT (HEPI).  The point of intended impact of heavy drop loads, normally 500 yards in from the leading edge of the drop zone.  Refer to the drop zone charts for exact distances as they vary with actual size of each drop zone. 

IN-FLIGHT RIGGING.  Used only on long flights normally 3 hours or more in length.  The purpose is to conserve the energy of the paratrooper and keep him as comfortable as possible. 

IN-PLACE TIME (IPT).  The time at which an aircraft is at a designated location. 

INSTRUMENT FLIGHT RULES (IFR).  Those rules that are in effect when weather prevents flying using only visual methods. 

INSTRUMENT METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS (IMC).  Weather worse than 1500 feet ceiling or 3 NM visibility.  IMC requires use of IFR. 

JOINT AIRBORNE/AIR TRANSPORTABILITY TRAINING (JA/ATT).  Joint training between the Army and Air Force encompassing airdrop, airland assault, and static aircraft load training.  See AR 350-27. 

JUMPMASTER (current).  An individual who has completed a recognized jumpmaster course of instruction and has: 

      A.  Within the last 180 calendar days, served as the Jumpmaster or Assistant Jumpmaster on an airborne operation from USAF high performance troop carrier aircraft on which a minimum of one jumper exited the aircraft, OR. 

      B.  Within the last 180 calendar days, if senior or master parachutist rated, served as a safety on an airborne operation from USAF troop carrier aircraft on which a minimum of one jumper exited the aircraft and he controlled the static line, OR.. 

      C.  Within the last 180 calendar days, attended the Jumpmaster Refresher Course given by the Advanced Airborne School. 

Jumpmaster qualified personnel newly assigned to the Division MUST ATTEND Jumpmaster Refresher prior to serving as a Jumpmaster, Assistant Jumpmaster, or DZSO, regardless of their qualifications, unless he is current and transferring from 18th Airborne CORPS and already assigned to Ft. Bragg.. 

JUMP REFUSAL.  A jump refusal is defined as a parachutist manifested on board an Air Force or Army aircraft who, for some reason other than airsickness, physical impairment, aircraft equipment malfunction, or air item malfunction, voluntarily or willfully refuses to exit the aircraft.   

LANDING ZONE (LZ).  A specific area for landing of assault aircraft. 

LOAD TIME (LT).  A time coordinated between the Army and the Air Force.  It is when aircraft will be ready to load jumpers. 

LOADMASTER (LM).  An Air Force technician qualified to plan loads, operate materials handling and auxiliary equipment, and supervise loading of aircraft. 

MALFUNCTION OFFICER.  A qualified parachute maintenance officer, warrant officer or noncommissioned officer who investigates malfunctions of parachutes and/or any serious parachute accident of airdrop personnel or equipment. 

MARSHALLING AREA.  The general area in which units camp and from which an air movements initiated, where aircraft are positioned, concentrated, or parked for on or off-loading (also staging area). 

MARSHALLING AREA CONTROL OFFICER (MACO).  The MACO is the responsible unit commander's representative for helicopter operations and will control all participating support elements and activities. 

MASS TACTICAL AIRBORNE OPERATIONS.  Airborne operation from USAF troop carrier aircraft conducted by units equivalent to battalion or larger, separate company/battery, or organic staff of brigade size or larger; culminating in a ground tactical exercise in which the individuals serve in their assigned duty positions. 

MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT (MHE).  Special mechanical devices for handling/loading supplies and equipment on or off Air Force aircraft. 

MAXIMUM GROSS WEIGHT (TAKE-OFF).  The total weight of the aircraft when it is completely loaded for the mission.  This is operating weight plus fuel, cargo, and passengers.  This total weight must not exceed the maximum gross weight indicated in the technical manual for the aircraft. 

NON-JUMPER.  A non-jumper is any paratrooper who fails to jump due to circumstances over which he had no control.  Examples of a "NON-JUMPER" would include troopers too air sick to safely jump; exit doors in aircraft that malfunction, thus stopping some or all of a stick; a red light before the entire stick has exited; malfunction of parachute/equipment inside aircraft, or any other legitimate reason as determined by the Jumpmaster. 

P-HOUR.  The Planned time that an airborne assault starts (the first jumper exits the aircraft over the objective DZ). 

PARTIAL RIG.  A modified in-flight rig where only the ALICE pack an M1950 Weapons Case are rigged to the jumper while in flight. 

PLANE SIDE ISSUE (PSI).  Parachutes issued to paratroopers from the planeside or off the ramp on an aircraft for the purpose of chuting up and boarding the aircraft to participate in a subsequent airborne operation. 

PERSONNEL PARACHUTE (PP).  A retardation device worn on the back of a paratrooper to reduce the rate of descent from terminal velocity to 18 to 22 feet per second after exiting an aircraft while in flight. 

PERSONNEL POINT OF IMPACT (PPI).  The point intended landing on a drop zone for the first parachutist.  Normally the PPI is 350 yards in from the leading edge of the DZ. 

PRE-PLANNED LOADS.  Loads set up as to weight, cube, manifested, balanced for center of gravity (CG), and ready to load upon arrival of aircraft (synonymous with "Type loads"). 

PRIORITY VEHCLE LISTS (PVL).  A list of equipment from deploying unit arranged in priority of movement for specific or type operation. 

RACETRACK.  An additional flight route (pass) over a drop zone. 

RECONNAISSANCE AND SECURITY TEAMS (R&S TEAMS).  Special teams that will be dropped away from the initial drop zone on critical terrain targets for the purpose of denying, confusing, delaying, and reporting enemy elements attempting to penetrate the drop area during the initial phases of an airborne assault. 

SERIAL.  Any number of aircraft under one commander, usually conveying one air-transportable unit or sub-unit to the same objective. 

SLING LOADS/EXTERNAL TRANSPORT.  The carrying of cargo as sling loads outside the cargo compartment of an aircraft.  When a helicopter is employed, its cargo hook is the suspension point for the load; with a fixed-wing aircraft, the suspension points are the bomb racks mounted on the wings. 

SORTIE.  One mission by one aircraft. 

SPECIAL ASSIGNEMENT AIRLIFT MISSION (SAAM).  Division -funded (paid for) airlift that is normally point-to-point airland and normally does not include tactical missions for the aircraft supporting the airlift. 

STATION KEEPING EQUIPMENT (SKE).  Electronic equipment aboard USAF C130 and C141 aircraft that enables the aircraft to maintain its proper position in formation during IFR conditions. 

STATION TIME (Air Force).  A specified time at which aircrew, passengers, and materials are to be in the aircraft and prepared for flight.  Passengers will be seated and loads tied down.  Aircrews will have completed briefing and aircraft preflight inspection prior to station time.  Normally, station time will be 35 minutes prior to take-off time. 

STICK.  That group of parachutists jumping at one or two second intervals from the same exit door of an aircraft on the same drop zone. 

TACTICAL AIRLIFT LIAISON OFFICER (TALO).  Highly qualified Air Combat Command aircrew personnel assigned to brigade or higher units as the commander's special assistant for joint strategic, or tactical airlift and airdrop operations. 

TIME ON TARGET (TOT).  That designated time when the first jumper or piece of equipment is released from an aircraft over a predetermined drop zone. 

VISUAL FLIGHT RULES (VFR).  Those rules that are in effect when weather permits flying using visual visibility. 

WEATHER DECISION TIME.  A predetermined time agreed upon by the USAF air mission commander and the airborne commander to decide on a GO or NO-GO for parachute operations.  This time is usually 3 hours prior to take-off for normal parachute operations conducted on Fort Bragg.  The specific time is published in the Division Air Letter. 

WIND DRIFT INDICATOR (WDI).  A wind drift indicator is used to determine the proper release point for jumpers on light aircraft operations.  A WDI incorporates the exact drift and rate of descent characteristics of a paratrooper with a fully inflated parachute. 

ZONE MARKER (ZM).  An Air Force beacon that emits a signal utilized by C141 aircraft to locate a drop zone in IMC weather.  The zone marker must be placed on or near the desired impact point.  The combination of SKE/ZM gives C141 aircraft an IFR drop capability similar to AWADS for fC130 aircraft. 
 
 
 
 




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Page last modified: 05-07-2011 02:20:16 Zulu